This is a timeline of Chinese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in China and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of China. See also the list of Chinese monarchs, Chinese emperors family tree, dynasties in Chinese history and years in China.
A Military History of Modern China, 1924-1949 (1972). Mitter, Rana. "Old ghosts, new memories: China's changing war history in the era of post-Mao politics." Journal of Contemporary History 38.1 (2003): 117-131. Ryan, Mark A., David Michael Finkelstein, and Michael A. McDevitt. Chinese Warfighting: the PLA experience since 1949 (ME Sharpe, 2003).Year(s)EventBrief description26th century BCThe Yellow Emperor defeats the Yan Emperor.26th century BCThe Yellow Emperor defeats Chi You and establishes the Han Chinese civilisation.1675 BCThe Xia dynasty is overthrown and replaced by the Shang dynasty.1046 BCThe Shang dynasty is overthrown and replaced by the Zhou dynasty.
Chinese history has alternated between periods of political unity and peace, and periods of war and failed statehood—the most recent being the Chinese Civil War (1927–1949). China was occasionally dominated by steppe peoples, most of whom were eventually assimilated into the Han Chinese culture and population.
China at War: An Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO, 2012). Lynch, Michael. The Chinese Civil War 1945–49 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2014). Mitter, Rana. "Research Note Changed by War: The Changing Historiography Of Wartime China and New Interpretations Of Modern Chinese History." Chinese Historical Review 17.1 (2010): 85–95.
- 1 August 1927 – December 1936, 10 August 1945 – 7 December 1949 (Retreat of the Republic of China to Taiwan), (The Kuomintang Islamic insurgency against the People's Republic of China's rule continued in the provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Yunnan until 1958.)
- Chinese Communist Party victory, Major combat ended, but no armistice or peace treaty signed., Small pockets of insurgency continued through the 1960s., Beginning of the Cross-Straits Conflict.
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