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  1. Titian (active about 1506; died 1576) | National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › artists › titian
    • Youth and Debut
    • Early Local Success
    • North Italian Courts
    • Worldwide Success, Family and Friends
    • Late Years

    Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) was born in Pieve di Cadore, a small town at the foot of the Dolomites on the Venetian side of the Alps. The Vecellios had been based in Cadore since the 14th century. Titian’s father, Gregorio, was a military man. His older brother Francesco was also a painter. There is still no documentary evidence of Titian’s exact date of birth, but contemporary sources and his early stylistic development suggest that he was born around 1490. When he was about 10 years old, Titian arrived in Venice, then one of the wealthiest and most cosmopolitan cities in the world. Titian started his artistic training in the workshop of the mosaicist Sebastiano Zuccato. He later briefly joined Gentile Bellini’s workshop. After Gentile’s death in 1507, Titian joined the workshop of Gentile's brother, Giovanni Bellini, which at that time was the most important in Venice. However, it was through contact with Giorgione, who had also previously trained in Giovanni Bellini’s workshop, that...

    In 1511 Titian painted his celebrated frescoes in the ‘Scuola del Santo’ in Padua. His style had now reached maturity, marked by fullness of forms, compositional confidence and chromatic balance. These features made his work fundamental to the development of Venetian – and also European – painting. He became famous as a portraitist (examples in the National Gallery are La Schiavona and Portrait of Gerolamo (?) Barbarigo). He was also known as a painter of various profane subjects. These skills drew the attention of intellectually ambitious Italian dukes and aristocrats. Titian was also commissioned to paint prestigious public religious paintings. His Venetian success was sealed by the execution of the altarpiece for the high altar of the important Franciscan church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari in Venice. The so-called ‘Assunta’ (Assumption of the Virgin Mary), which is nearly seven metres high, was displayed in 1518, creating a revolutionary watershed in Venetian altarpiece des...

    Early in 1516 Titian started his professional relationship with Alfonso I d’Este, Duke of Ferrara and spent time in Alfonso’s castle. The duke wanted to create a private cabinet, which would be known as the ‘camerino d’alabastro’ (the alabaster cabinet), with mythological scenes derived from classical poetry. The duke employed the painters he considered to be the best at the time. Apart from Titian, the other artists were Raphael, Fra Bartolomeo and Dosso Dossi. Following the deaths of Raphael and Fra Bartolomeo Titian’s involvement in the project increased. He then executed his two famous Bacchanals for Alfonso I, today in the Prado, Madrid, along with Bacchus and Ariadne, now in the National Gallery. Titian also worked for the court of Mantua. In 1523 he began painting for the future Duke of Mantua, Federico II Gonzaga the son of Isabella d’Este(who was the sister of Titian’s earlier patron Alfonso I). Titian mainly painted portraits for the Mantuan court. In 1532 Titian started t...

    The 1520s were hugely significant for Titian’s private life. In 1525 he married Cecilia (who tragically died in 1530). Titian and Cecilia had three children, who were all given the names of famous figures from ancient Rome: Pompeo, Orazio and Lavinia. Titian’s meeting with the Holy Roman Emperor Charles Vin Bologna in 1530 would be a determining event in his life. On this occasion Titian executed a (now lost) full-length, life-size portrait of the Emperor - an early example of what was still an extremely innovative genre at that time. He rapidly became the principal painter to the imperial court, which gave him immense privileges, honours and even titles. From this moment he was the painter most in demand at courts across Europe. Titian also became the official painter of Charles V’s son, Philip II of Spain. Starting in about 1551, he painted the celebrated mythological series of pictures for Philip, which he referred to as ‘poesie’. The 'poesie' included Diana and Actaeon and Diana...

    The last phase of Titian’s life coincided with a radical revision of his own style and painting technique. Starting from the late 1550s, Titian developed a much freer use of the brush and a less descriptive representation of reality. In the late 1560s and early 1570s, when Titian was already extremely old, he pushed his art to the edge of abstraction. This later style has been defined as ‘magic impressionism’. All of this is well represented by two of his latest works, The Death of Actaeonat the National Gallery, and the ‘Pietà’, now in the Gallerie dell’Accademia in Venice. The ‘Pietà’ was originally destined for his own tomb in the church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, where Titian was buried after dying of the plague on 27 August 1576.

  2. Titian | Bacchus and Ariadne | NG35 | National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › paintings › titian

    Titian. Overview. /. In-depth. One of the most famous paintings in the National Gallery, Titian’s Bacchus and Ariadne illustrates a story told by the classical authors Ovid and Catullus. The Cretan princess Ariadne has been abandoned on the Greek island of Naxos by Theseus, whose ship sails away in the distance.

    • Titian
    • 1520-3
    • active about 1506; died 1576
    • Bacchus and Ariadne
  3. Titian: Love, Desire, Death - National Gallery

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › exhibitions › past

    Mar 16, 2020 · Titian called these works his ‘poesie’ because he considered them to be visual equivalents of poetry. This is a rare opportunity to enjoy some of the greatest paintings in European art. Exhibition organised by the National Gallery, the National Galleries of Scotland, the Museo Nacional del Prado, and the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston.

  4. Titian - The National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › paintings › titian-the

    Titian One of the most famous paintings in the National Gallery, Titian’s Bacchus and Ariadne illustrates a story told by the classical authors Ovid and Catullus. The Cretan princess Ariadne has been abandoned on the Greek island of Naxos by Theseus, whose ship sails away in the distance.

    • Titian
    • about 1565-75
    • active about 1506; died 1576
    • The Virgin suckling the Infant Christ
  5. Titian - The National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › paintings › titian

    Titian One of the most famous paintings in the National Gallery, Titian’s Bacchus and Ariadne illustrates a story told by the classical authors Ovid and Catullus. The Cretan princess Ariadne has been abandoned on the Greek island of Naxos by Theseus, whose ship sails away in the distance.

    • Titian
    • about 1510
    • active about 1506; died 1576
    • Portrait of Gerolamo (?) Barbarigo
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  7. Titian | Noli me Tangere | NG270 | National Gallery, London

    www.nationalgallery.org.uk › paintings › titian-noli

    Titian. One of the most famous paintings in the National Gallery, Titian’s Bacchus and Ariadne illustrates a story told by the classical authors Ovid and Catullus. The Cretan princess Ariadne has been abandoned on the Greek island of Naxos by Theseus, whose ship sails away in the distance.

    • Titian
    • about 1514
    • active about 1506; died 1576
    • Noli me Tangere
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