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  1. Typhus disease

    Answer from 3 sources
      • Epidemic typhus is due to Rickettsia prowazekii spread by body lice, scrub typhus is due to Orientia tsutsugamushi spread by chiggers, and murine typhus is due to Rickettsia typhi spread by fleas. There is no commercially available vaccine. Prevention is by reducing exposure to the organisms that spread the disease.
      • ^Typhus disease history Typhus has a long and deadly history, especially epidemic typhus. Typhus is caused by bacteria. Rickettsia prowazekii causes epidemic typhus. Rickettsia typhi and, occasionally, R. felis cause endemic typhus and are transmitted to humans by vectors such as lice (mainly epidemic) and f...
      • ^Typhus disease definition Definition of typhus. : any of various bacterial diseases caused by rickettsias: such asa : a severe human febrile disease that is caused by one (Rickettsia prowazekii) transmitted especially by body lice and is marked by high fever, stupor alternating with delirium, intense headac...
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  3. Typhus - Wikipedia

    Typhus, also known as typhus fever, is a group of infectious diseases that include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus, and murine typhus. Common symptoms include fever, headache, and a rash. Typically these begin one to two weeks after exposure. The diseases are caused by specific types of bacterial infection. Epidemic typhus is due to Rickettsia prowazekii spread by body lice, scrub typhus is due to Orientia tsutsugamushi spread by chiggers, and murine typhus is due to Rickettsia typhi spread by fle

    • Fever, headache, rash
    • Bacterial infection spread by parasites
    • 1–2 weeks after exposure
    • Doxycycline
  4. Typhus: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention

    Typhus is a disease caused by rickettsia or orientia bacteria. You can get it from infected mites, fleas, or lice. Modern hygiene has mostly stopped typhus, but it can still happen in places where...

  5. Typhus fevers are a group of diseases caused by bacteria that are spread to humans by fleas, lice, and chiggers. Typhus fevers include scrub typhus, murine typhus, and epidemic typhus. Chiggers spread scrub typhus, fleas spread murine typhus, and body lice spread epidemic typhus. The most common symptoms are fever, headaches, and sometimes rash.

  6. Typhus: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

    Feb 01, 2019 · There are three different types of typhus: epidemic (louse-borne) typhus endemic (murine) typhus scrub typhus

  7. Typhus (actually not one illness but a group of closely related diseases) is caused by different species of rickettsia bacteria that are transmitted to humans by lice, fleas, mites, or ticks. The insects are carried person to person or are brought to people by rodents, cattle, and other animals.

    • Typhus Epidemic Worsens in Los Angeles | NBCLA
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    • Fleas spreading typhus in Galveston County
    • Typhus
  8. Typhus: Symptoms, causes, and treatment

    Typhus is the term for a group of rare bacterial infections that people can contract after being bitten by an infected insect. Different subspecies of the bacteria Rickettsia cause different types...

  9. Typhus Treatment, Symptoms, Prevention & Causes

    Typhus is a disease caused by bacteria (mainly Rickettsia typhi or R. prowazekii). There are two major types of typhus: endemic (or murine typhus) and epidemic typhus -- bacterial infections cause both. The bacteria are small and very difficult to cultivate. Originally, they were thought to be viruses.

  10. Epidemic Typhus | Typhus Fevers | CDC
    • Signs and Symptoms
    • Diagnosis and Testing
    • Treatment
    • Prevention

    Symptoms of epidemic typhus begin within 2 weeks after contact with infected body lice. Signs and symptoms may include: 1. Fever and chills 2. Headache 3. Rapid breathing 4. Body and muscle aches 5. Rash 6. Cough 7. Nausea 8. Vomiting 9. ConfusionBrill-Zinsser diseaseSome people can remain infected, without symptoms, for years after they first get sick. Rarely, these individuals can have a relapse in disease, called Brill-Zinsser disease, months or years following their first illness. When th...

    1. The symptoms of epidemic typhus are similar to symptoms of many other diseases. See your health care provider if you develop the symptoms listed above following travel or contact with animals. 2. Tell your health care provider if you have had contact with flying squirrels or their nests. 3. Your health care provider will order a blood test to look for epidemic typhus and other diseases. 4. Laboratory testing and reporting of results can take several weeks. Your health care provider may st...

    1. Epidemic typhus should be treated with the antibiotic doxycycline. Doxycycline can be used in persons of any age. 2. Antibiotics are most effective when given soon after symptoms begin. 3. People who are treated early with doxycycline usually recover quickly.

    1. There is no vaccine to prevent epidemic typhus. 2. Reduce your risk of getting epidemic typhus by avoiding overcrowded areas. 3. Body lice thrive in areas that are overcrowded and where people aren’t able to bathe or change clothes regularly. To avoid body louse infestations: 1. Bathe regularly and change into clean clothes at least once a week. 2. Wash louse-infested clothing at least once a week. Machine wash and dry infested clothing and bedding using hot water (at least 130°F), and dr...

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