Tyre juts out from the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and is located about 80 km (50 mi) south of Beirut.It originally consisted of two distinct urban centres: Tyre itself, which was on an island just off shore, and the associated settlement of Ushu on the adjacent mainland, later called Palaetyrus, meaning "Old Tyre" in Ancient Greek.
- Tyre's Golden Age
- Alexander The Great & The Siege
- The Coming of Rome & Tyre's Decline
Tyre was in its golden age around the 10th century BCE and, in the 8th, was colonizing other sites in the area and enjoying great wealth and prosperity owing primarily to an alliance with Israel. The Tyrian alliance and trade agreement with David, King of Israel, was initiated by the King of Tyre, Abibaal who sent the new king timber from the fabled cedars of Lebanon (as Abibaal's son, Hiram, is said to have done for David's son Solomon). This alliance resulted in a very lucrative partnership which benefited both parties. According to the historian Richard Miles, "Commercially, this deal not only gave Tyre privileged access to the valuable markets of Israel, Judaea, and northern Syria, it also provided further opportunities for joint overseas ventures. Indeed, a Tyrian-Israelite expedition travelled to the Sudan and Somalia, and perhaps even as far as the Indian Ocean" (32). Another development which encouraged the wealth of Tyre seems to have been a religious revolution in the city...
The king now, not the priests, was the "bridge between the temporal and celestial worlds, and the needs of the heavenly gods could closely correspond with the political exigencies of the palace" (Miles, 33). This new religious policy encouraged a more closely-knit bond among the people of the city by designating them as set apart from the other city-states of Phoenicia and, so, special in the eyes of their god. Miles writes: The king even introduced an elaborate new ceremonial to celebrate the annual festival of Melqart. Each spring, in a carefully choreographed festival called the egersis, an effigy of the god was placed on a giant raft before being ritually burnt as it drifted out to sea while hymns were sung by the assembled crowds. For the Tyrians, as for many other ancient Near eastern peoples, the emphasis fell upon the restorative properties of fire, for the god himself was not destroyed but revived by the smoke, and the burning of the effigy thus represented rebirth. To emph...
The Romans took the ruined city as a colony in 64 BCE, when Pompey annexed the whole of Phoenicia to the Roman Empire. Tyre was re-built under the Romans who, ironically, destroyed the city of Carthage the surviving Tyrians had founded. Rome built the roads, monuments, and aqueducts which can still be seen in the modern day and the city flourished under Roman rule but declined after the fall of the empire. It continued on as a port city under the eastern half of Rome, the Byzantine Empire, until the 7th century CE when it was taken in the Muslim conquestof the region.
- Joshua J. Mark
The Siege of Tyre was orchestrated by Alexander the Great in 332 BC during his campaigns against the Persians.The Macedonian army was unable to capture the city, which was a strategic coastal base on the Mediterranean Sea, through conventional means because it was on an island and had walls right up to the sea.
Tyre was founded on an offshore island. Alexander the Great constructed a causeway during his siege of the city, and the island became a peninsula. Excavations have been carried out at two sites in Tyre: al-Mina site (or City site) on the southern part of the former island, and al-Bass site where the isthmus joins the mainland.
- Tyre, Lebanonyoutube.com
- LEBANON: TYRE: REMAINS OF ANCIENT CITY IN DANGER OF DISAPPEARINGyoutube.com
- The Siege of Tyre 332 BCyoutube.com
- Tyre! Jesus, Alexander the Great and I all came. Alex made the bigger impact 😉❤️🇱🇧✨youtube.com
Tyre, town on the Mediterranean coast of southern Lebanon, located 12 miles (19 km) north of the modern border with Israel and 25 miles (40 km) south of Sidon (modern Ṣaydā). It was a major Phoenician seaport from about 2000 bce through the Roman period. Tyre, built on an island and on the
In the first century AD, Tyre was the home of a Christian community visited by St. Paul, and it became a major stronghold of the Crusaders in the 12th century. Today, Tyre (Sur) is the fourth largest city in Lebanon and is a popular stop for tourists due to its ancient ruins. It was added to UNESCO's World Heritage list in 1984.
People also ask
What is the history of Tyre Lebanon?
What is the island of Tyre?
What is the name of the city in Lebanon?
What is the ancient city of Tyre?
Jun 25, 2019 · Tyre, Lebanon: Late 19th Century Illustration Tyre, Lebanon: Late 19th Century Illustration of the Ruins of the Old Sea Wall of Ancient Tyre. Source: Jupiter Images Ithobaal I (887-856) was the first Tyrian monarch to be referred to as "king of the Sidonians" and this title would continue to be used afterward.
Alexander used the remains of the old city to build the causeway from the mainland to the island where the new Tyre was located. In 315 BC, Alexander's former general Antigonus began his own siege of Tyre, taking the city a year later. SOURCE: Tyre, Lebanon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tyre stood firm, but it was probable that at this time the residents of the mainland city abandoned it for the safety of the island. In 332 B.C. Alexander the Great set out to conquer this strategic coastal base in the war between the Greeks and the Persians.Unable to storm the city, he blockaded Tyre for seven months.
Tyre was the Phoenician equivalent of New York City and, at the time Ezekiel prophesied her doom, the city “had reached the summit of its greatness as mistress of the sea and the centre of the commerce of the world.” 2 Further like New York, which exists as five boroughs (Brooklyn, Staten Island, etc.), “Tyre consisted of two distinct ...