The UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database. Data on the phonological systems of 451 languages, with programs to access it, by Ian Maddieson and Kristin Precoda. This is an elderly DOS program (and thus Windows only), neither of whose developers are still at UCLA, and no support is offered.
Roy Becker's vowel corpus (an .xlsx file, see his 2010 dissertation for a description of the database) Linguistic Voice Quality project archive (audio and EGG recordings, spreadsheet of measurements) BU Radio News corpus and Buckeye corpus are available on the internal T: drive; UPSID (UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database)
The UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television (UCLA TFT), is one of the 12 schools within the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) located in Los Angeles, California. Its creation was groundbreaking in that it was the first time a leading university had combined all three ( theater , film and television ) of these aspects into a ...
UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive
Imprint [Los Angeles, CA : Phonetics Laboratory, Dept. of Linguistics, UCLA], 1981. Available online At the library
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The UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database (UPSID) is a collection of phoneme inventories from 451 languages. Features such as manner, place, length, phonation type and secondary articulation are included.
UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database: Searchable database of phonemes across the world's languages; World Phonotactics Database: Searchable database of phonotactic restrictions; Stress System Database: Information about primary stress patterns in the world's languages; The World Atlas of Language Structures Online: A large database on ...
- Consonant Inventory
- Vowel Inventory
- Loanword Phonology
Sereer has a moderately large consonant inventory with 32 distinctive consonant phonemes. Strikingly, there are 21 phonemically distinctive oral stops. The consonant inventory makes use of some combinations of parameters that are unusual cross-linguistically, including contrastive voicing in both egressive and ingressive stops. The use of implosives is fairly common in languages of sub-saharan Africa, particularly in the "Macro-Sudan belt" (cf. Güldemann 2010) that spans the non-desert regions and sahel from Senegal to Sudan. The use of voiceless implosives, however, is considerably less common, even within this area (cf. McLaughlin 2005). Sereer also has multiple uvular phonemes, a rarity for sub-Saharan Africa. The consonant inventory is shown below. Orthography for a given symbol is indicated in parentheses following a symbol if the orthography differs from the IPA.
Sereer has a 5 vowel system that is contrastive for length. There are no diphthongs: coda /w y/ may give off this impression, but they can be analyzed as precisely that. There are no restrictions on the appearance of long or short vowels in any environment. Notes on realization: 1. Vowels after implosive consonants are sometimes creaky; this, however, is not contrastive. 2. /o/ is realized as [ɔ] in closed syllables. See ñaaƴloox [ɳaʄlɔ:x] "feces" vs. laalo[la:lo] "baobab leaf". 3. /e/ has a lax variant [ɛ] that also surfaces in closed syllables. See saate [sa:te] "town, village" vs. yeeyet[je:jɛt] "insect". 4. Tenseness generally covaries with vowel length; long vowels are more tense than short vowels. 5. /a/ is realized somewhat higher than cardinal [a] when short and in a closed syllable. It is particularly susceptible in this position to coarticulation with neighboring consonants, as in the word 'cook' jaw, which is consistently realized as something like [ɟəw].
Stressis assigned metrically in Sereer. Stress is assigned to the left-most long vowel in a word; if there are no long vowels, then stress is assigned to the first stem syllable. Thus, stress is often realized on the penultimate syllable of a word. Due to these stress-assignment rules, many word-initial V syllables are not stressed. Coda consonants are extra-moraic, and thus do not seem to attract stress assignment. It is unclear at this point what the phonological correlates of stress are in Sereer. However, pitch or intensity or a combination of both can serve as a cue for a stressed syllable. It is suggested that instances of consonant mutationthat appear at multiple discontinuous locations are suprasegmental features are applied at the word level. It is unclear how well this analysis is supported, however, and is not necessarily descriptive, but rather theoretical.
Borrowed words show phonemes that are not normally present in Serer, like /y/ in [myyr] 'wall' (Fr. mur), or /ʃ/ in [maʃin] 'machine, device' (Fr. machine). These phonemes are irregularly adapted to Sereer phonology, as has happened on occasion to "wall," which can be pronounced as [miir].
in turn provided the database required to test for phonological universals. Specifically, such phonological investigations allowed Maddieson (1984, 1991) and Maddieson and Precoda (1990) to establish the UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database (UPSID), the most widely used database for typological and universal research in phonology.