Ukraine, country located in eastern Europe, the second largest on the continent after Russia. The capital is Kyiv (Kiev), located on the Dnieper River in north-central Ukraine.
Ukraine is a developing country and ranks 88th on the Human Development Index. Ukraine is the poorest country in Europe alongside Moldova, and suffers from a very high poverty rate as well as severe corruption. However, because of its extensive fertile farmlands, Ukraine is one of the world's largest grain exporters.
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Ukraine ceasefire violated more than 100 times within days: OSCE The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe says violations were concentrated within the Donetsk region. 29 Jul 2020
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Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна) is a country in Eastern Europe. It lies at the northwest end of the Black Sea, with Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland to the northwest, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, and Romania to the south west and south, with Moldova in between.
Ukraine takes its roots from the establishment of the East Slavic state Kyivan Rus (IX-XIII centuries). Since then, Ukraine preserved its geographical location, capital and national customs (including Kyivan Rus state emblem).
Ukraine's population is reducing because of low birth rate, increased mortality (especially among males), low immigration and high emigration.
While this state fell prey to Mongol conquest, from the 14th until the 18th century, the western part of Ukraine became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A subsequent Ukrainian state was able, in the face of pressure from the ascendant Muscovy, to remain autonomous for more than a century, but in the 18th century the Russian Empire occupied much of Ukraine. Despite a brief, but uncertain, flash of independence at the end of the Czarist regime, after the Russian Civil War in 1922, Eastern Ukraine was incorporated into the new USSR and suffered two disastrous famines deliberately organized by the Soviet leaders, when millions of Ukrainians died of hunger (1932-33 and 1946, the first one known as the Holodomor) as well as brutal fighting during World War II. When it came to Western Ukraine, after 1918, when the old European empires fell after the 1st World War, Ukrainians lost in conflict over this territory with Poles. As an aftermath, between 1918 and 1939, Poland tried to forcibly Polonize these lands with badly-designed policies, which backfired and brought both hatred from ordinary Ukrainians. Ukraine first declared its sovereignty from the Soviet Union in July 1990 (And also in 1918). Following the results of a referendum in 17 March 1991 which indicated overwhelming popular support (80% in favour of independence), the Ukraine's Parliament declared its Independence Day 24 August 1991. Initially, there were severe economic difficulties with hyperinflation, and oligarchic rule prevailed in the early years.
The issues of cronyism, corruption and alleged voting irregularities came to a head during the heavily-disputed 2004 Presidential election, where allegations of vote-rigging sparked what became known as the \\"Orange Revolution\\". This revolution eventually resulted in the election of opposition candidate Viktor Yushchenko as President. During the following five years the Orange coalition broke up and Viktor Yushchenko lost the support of the majority of Ukranians. Ironically, his former adversary Viktor Yanukovich was elected President.
For the most up-to-date information please visit Visa Requirements For Foreigners page of the MFA government website. Select your country to get more information. For the most up-to-date details, visit MFA website, Visa On Arrival page More up-to-date country-specific information and requirements may be available at Ukraine's Embassy website. You may find a list of embassies of Ukraine here, on official government MFA website: press 'Find an Embassy' and select your region and then country or visit MFA website, Visa requirements page.
Citizens of Argentina can visit visa free for up to 90 days within a 365 day period. Citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei and Serbia can visit visa free for up to 30 days within a 60-day period. Citizens of Hong Kong can visit visa free for up to 14 days.
Those holding a diplomatic or official/service passports of Albania, Cambodia, China, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Iran, Kuwait, Laos, Morocco, North Korea, Peru, Qatar, Singapore, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uruguay, Venezuela and Vietnam and only diplomatic passports of India and Mexico do not require a visa for Ukraine.
Citizens of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, China (PRC), Dominica, East Timor, El Salvador, Guatemala, Grenada, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kuwait, Macau, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, New Zealand, Oman, Palau, Peru, Qatar, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, the United Arab Emirates and Vanuatu can visit Ukraine for up to 15 days, provided that the citizens of the countries obtain a visa at the Kyiv Boryspil Airport, Kyiv Zhuliany Airport or Odesa Airport (as of August 2017). Since January 1st, 2019 the visa service upon arrival is no longer available at those airports, so you'd better check the possibility of obtaining an e-visa before planning a trip to Ukraine.
Those obtaining a visa on arrival need to provide one of the following documents: There are inexpensive direct bus services to Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk from Poland. They usually offer a budget level of comfort and cost about UAH90-100 (10). (Many buses can be found, for example Krakow to Lviv or Warsaw to Lviv. A quick Google search will give you many options. Be prepared for long delays at the border if you travel by coach or train. There are very few facilities on the Ukranian side so be sure to take food and water. Note that you cannot cross the border at Kroscienko (Poland) on foot or by bicycle. You must be in a vehicle. Coming from Poland by bicycle in August 2011 it took about 5 minute of waiting to flag down a driver who was willing (and had space) to take a person, a bicycle, and a full cycle touring kit. The actually crossing then took about an hour or so. There was no charge by the driver or the immigration officials.
Please note, the Visa Office at the airport is only open between 9:00am and 7:30pm. Arrivals outside of these hours must first wait for the office to open before a visa will be issued and then proceed to Passport Control. It is also important to note that at times, the Visa on Arrival office may suffer from a lack of manpower (for example, a single officer to deal with a plane of passengers manually doing data entry for all fields of the application form as well as single handedly doing all necessary checks and controls). This can lead to delays in exiting the airport of 2-4 hours, which is especially crucial to note for transit visa applicants hoping to do a day trip into Kyiv. If you have limited time, then you may consider an ordinary visa application at your embassy. Payment for Visa on Arrival can be done by credit card.
Citizens of Australia, Albania, Guatemala, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand and Singapore do not require a invitation letter to visit Ukraine.
There are daily direct overnight trains from Berlin, Vienna, Košice (change there for Prague), Warsaw, Belgrade, Bratislava, Budapest, Bucharest and Sofia to Lviv or Kyiv. When coming from Western Europe there will be a 2-3 hour wait at the border while the train's bogies are changed in order to adapt to a different rail gauge. It's generally quicker and cheaper to buy a ticket to the border and then change trains, rather than wait getting through train. Yet, there is a new daily train from Przemysl (Poland) that takes around 3 hours to get to Lviv and 8 hours to get to Kyiv. It departs at 14:26 and costs around 7 euro. Since there might be a lot of traffic at the border, it is a convenient way to travel from Poland. Alternatively, one can travel from eastern Hungary to Ukraine by a local train on a special track. This trip takes about 10 to 15 minutens and one pass customs after or before boarding the train (which saves a lot of time). Connections to Lviv and Kyiv are good and cheap as is a connection on the larger Hungarian cities. Scheduled buses are the fastest way to get through the border, since they do not have to wait in line (like cars have to) and do not have to change bogies (like trains have to). There is a daily bus from Kosice (except Sunday and Monday) and Presov going to Uzhhorod. There are also several daily buses from Michalovce to Uzhhorod and back, no reservation required, standing passengers are also allowed. Countless buses connect Lviv and Kyiv directly with Prague and some other Czech cities, passing through Poland, but mostly not stopping there to take passengers. Flixbus is a notable exception - their Prague - Kyiv services also stop at Katowice, Kraków and Rzeszów en route to Ukraine. Timetables can be best viewed using the Czech integrated timetable at jizdnirady.idnes (English version available). Advance reservation is recommended and for most buses also possible online at amsbus.cz. Buses can get you from the West to Lviv far faster than trains. However, they are targeted primarily at Ukrainian emigrant workers earning their living in the Czech Republic. Nonetheless, buses are now in most cases modern Western-built coaches (many of which have amenities such as power sockets and free WiFi) or sometimes used western buses, but still with air conditioning. There are at least 5 connections per day but often much more. If you don't travel around religious bank holidays in Ukraine, with arrival to Prague on Monday morning or departure Friday or Saturday from Prague, buses are generally not full and you'll have often 2 seats per person as tickets aren't usually cheap and bus lines are very profitable.
There are some ferries from Istanbul, Georgia, Varna (Bulgaria) to Odesa or to Crimea (currently occupied by Russia). The nearest significant town on the Polish side is Przemysl, and it's easy to find by following route #4 (which passes through Przemysl), also known as the E40 in European terms. As of 2016, the road is a motorway all the way to the border.
Once through, just follow the main road towards Lviv on the M10 (E40) - this is the route right across Ukraine to Kyiv (and thence on to the east). Stick to this - the main towns on the way are Lviv, Rivne, Zhytomyr.
Watch out about 15-20 km inside Ukraine, in Mostyska, as police is actively checking traffic measures here (speed exceeding).
- total: 603,550km, water: 24,220km, land: 579,330km
- ₴UAH (Hryvnia)
Nov 18, 2020 · Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
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Oct 21, 2020 · The claim: Joe Biden threatened to withhold $1 billion from Ukraine to assist his son, Hunter Biden. While former Vice President Joe Biden oversaw foreign policy in Ukraine, his son Hunter Biden ...
Oct 03, 2018 · Entering Ukraine through the area of armed conflict is a violation of Ukrainian law. U.S. citizens who enter Ukraine illegally through the area of armed conflict along the Russian border will not be allowed to pass through government checkpoints to territory controlled by the government of Ukraine.