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    • Understanding the Federal Court System

      • Understanding the Federal Court System. If you get called for jury duty, it’s unlikely you’ll be heading to a federal courthouse to hear the case.
      • Structure of Federal Court System. Most legal issues are sorted out in state courts. ...
      • Federal Court System Employment. ...
      • Federal Court System Workload. ...
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  2. Understanding The Federal Courts

    www.mied.uscourts.gov/PDFFIles/Understanding...

    the Federal Courts In American Government The three branches of the federal government—legislative, executive, and judicial—operate within a constitutional system of “checks and balances.” This means that although each branch is formally separate from the other two, the Constitution often requires cooperation among the branches.

  3. Courts 101: An Understanding of the Court System

    www.fjc.gov/sites/default/files/2015/Courts 101...

    Oct 02, 2012 · Federal Court System The federal court system hears only about 5% of all court cases. All federal cases are first heard in a U.S. Federal District Court and are potentially moved to higher courts through the appeals process. The 94 U.S. judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a court of appeals.

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  4. Federal Courts & the Public | United States Courts

    www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/federal...
    • Jury Service
    • Court Cases
    • Bankruptcy
    • Naturalization Ceremonies
    • Landmark Cases
    • News Stories

    U.S. citizens at least 18 years of age may be called to jury service, one of the most important ways individual citizens become involved with the federal courts. Learn more about jury service and what to do if you were summoned to federal jury service.

    Federal courts have jurisdiction over cases involving: 1. the United States government, 2. the Constitution or federal laws, or 3. controversies between states or between the U.S. government and foreign governments. For instance, a claim by an individual to receive money under a federal government program such as Social Security, a claim by the government that someone has violated federal laws, or a challenge to actions taken by a federal agency might all be heard in federal court. In contras...

    Federal courts have total jurisdiction over all bankruptcy cases, which Congress has determined should be addressed in federal courts rather than state courts. This means that a bankruptcy case may not be filed in a state court. The primary purposes of bankruptcy law is to help honest people who can no longer pay their creditors get a new start by liquidating their assets to pay debts, or by creating a repayment plan. Bankruptcy laws also protect troubled businesses and provide for orderly di...

    Federal courts hold ceremonies throughout the year where United States citizenship is formally granted and new citizens are officially welcomed. Many are held on or around September 17 to celebrate Constitution Day and Citizenship Day. Naturalization ceremonies are open to the public and may be attended by hundreds and sometimes thousands of people. These important civic events, conducted in courtrooms and at sites in the community, present an educational opportunity for promoting public unde...

    The impact of the federal courts on our lives is best known by landmark Supreme Court cases and other federal court cases that show the judicial branch is significant to the way we live and the rights we have.

    The news media, whether on television, online, or in printed formats often describe how issues of current interest in society wind up in the federal courts. These stories may involve issues such as civil rights cases involving national laws, acts of national terrorism, takeovers of publicly-held corporations, disputes between states, or traffic violations or misdemeanors occurring on federal property, such as in a national park.

  5. Understanding the Federal Courts (Black and White ...

    www.amazon.com/Understanding-Federal-Courts...

    May 15, 2016 · Understanding the Federal Courts (Black and White) [Administrative Office of the U. S. Courts, Penny Hill Press] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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    • Administrative Office of the U. S. Courts
  6. Public Programs – Understanding the Federal Courts | The ...

    judiciallearningcenter.org/public-programs

    Public Program: Understanding the Federal Courts – The Role of Probation and Pretrial Services: Get an inside look at how the federal courts operate. This program will focus on the U.S. Probation and Pretrial Services System, and its important role in the judiciary in investigating and supervising defendants and offenders.

  7. Understanding the Federal Courts

    www.iasb.uscourts.gov/sites/iasb/files/ufc99.pdf

    UNDERSTANDING THE FEDERAL COURTS 1999. 27 oping budgets, conducting studies and assessments of judiciary operations and programs, providing technical assistance to the courts, developing train- ing programs, and fostering communications within the judiciary and with other branches of government and the public.

  8. Understanding the Federal Courts

    www.canb.uscourts.gov/printpdf/3719

    Understanding the Federal Courts Published on United States Bankruptcy Court (https://www.canb.uscourts.gov) Understanding the Federal Courts

  9. Court Role and Structure | United States Courts

    www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/court-role...
    • Supreme Court
    • Courts of Appeals
    • District Courts
    • Bankruptcy Courts
    • Article I Courts

    The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. Article III of the U.S. Constitution created the Supreme Court and authorized Congress to pass laws establishing a system of lower courts. In the federal court system’s present form, 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeals sit below the Supreme Court. Learn more about the Supreme Court.

    There are 13 appellate courts that sit below the U.S. Supreme Court, and they are called the U.S. Courts of Appeals. The 94 federal judicial districts are organized into 12 regional circuits, each of which has a court of appeals. The appellate court’s task is to determine whether or not the law was applied correctly in the trial court. Appeals courts consist of three judges and do not use a jury. A court of appeals hears challenges to district court decisions from courts located within its ci...

    The nation’s 94 district or trial courts are called U.S. District Courts. District courts resolve disputes by determining the facts and applying legal principles to decide who is right. Trial courts include the district judge who tries the case and a jury that decides the case. Magistrate judges assist district judges in preparing cases for trial. They may also conduct trials in misdemeanor cases. There is at least one district court in each state, and the District of Columbia. Each district...

    Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases involving personal, business, or farm bankruptcy. This means a bankruptcy case cannot be filed in state court. Through the bankruptcy process, individuals or businesses that can no longer pay their creditors may either seek a court-supervised liquidation of their assets, or they may reorganize their financial affairs and work out a plan to pay their debts.

    Congress created several Article I, or legislative courts, that do not have full judicial power. Judicial power is the authority to be the final decider in all questions of Constitutional law, all questions of federal law and to hear claims at the core of habeas corpus issues. Article I Courts are: 1. U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims 2. U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces 3. U.S. Tax Court

  10. Comparing Federal & State Courts | United States Courts

    www.uscourts.gov/.../comparing-federal-state-courts

    The Federal Court System: The State Court System: The Constitution states that federal judges are to be nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. They hold office during good behavior, typically, for life. Through Congressional impeachment proceedings, federal judges may be removed from office for misbehavior.

  11. Types of Cases | United States Courts

    www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/types-cases

    The federal courts have jurisdiction over Cases that raise a "federal question" involving the United States Government , the U.S. Constitution, or other federal laws; and Cases involving “diversity of citizenship," which are disputes between two parties not from the same state or country, and where the claim meets a set dollar threshold for damages.