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  1. Feb 02, 2022 · A unitary state, or unitary government, is a governing system in which a single central government has total power over all of its other political subdivisions. A unitary state is the opposite of a federation, where governmental powers and responsibilities are divided. In a unitary state, the political subdivisions must carry out the directives ...

    • Robert Longley
    • History And Government Expert
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    • Features of A Unitary System of Government
    • Advantages of A Unitary System of Government/Unitary State
    • Disadvantages/Demerits of A Unitary System of Government/Unitary State
    • Reasons For The Adoption of A Unitary System of Government

    The following are the features of a Unitary system of government; 1. Best practiced in a homogenous state: Unitary system is best practiced where there are no sharp differences in religion, language, political belief etc of the entire population. 2. Delegationof functions: The central government can delegate power and functions to other component u...

    The below listed are advantages of a unitary system of government/Unitary State; 1. Less cost: The cost of running a unitary system of government is relatively lower than the federal government. No duplication of functions is experienced in a unitary state. 2. Quick action: Quick action is taken in the areas of decision-making and execution. The ce...

    The following are disadvantages of a unitary system of government/Unitary state; 1. Poor attention to the local areas: The attention given to the people in the local areas may be poor. 2. Dictatorship: A unitary system of government may encourage dictatorship as a result of power concentration in the hands of a single authority. 3. Small and homoge...

    Reasons for the adoption of a Unitary system of government are highlighted below; 1) ABSENCE OF TRIBAL GROUPING: When there is no marked difference in tribes, a unitary system of government is adopted because no tribe will ever think of dominating others. 2) MANAGEMENT OF FUNCTIONS: The central government can adequately manage functions and at the ...

  3. Depending on how a constitution organizes power between the central and subnational governments, a country may be said to possess either a unitary or a federal system ( see also federalism ). In a unitary system the only level of government besides the central is the local or municipal government. Although local governments may enjoy ...

    • Strong Centre. The division of powers is in favour of the Centre and highly inequitable from the federal angle. Firstly, the Union List contains more subjects than the State List.
    • Central Government’s control over state territory. Unlike in other federations, the states in India have no right to territorial integrity. The Parliament can by unilateral action change the area, boundaries or name of any state.
    • Single Constitution. Usually, in a federation, the states have the right to frame their own Constitution separate from that of the Centre. In India, on the contrary, no such power is given to the states.
    • Flexibility of the Constitution. The bulk of the Constitution can be amended by the unilateral action of the Parliament, either by simple majority or by special majority.
  4. Oct 11, 2021 · Unitary government is the most popular form of spatial organization of power in a country, Nowadays, 170 out of 195 sovereign countries (or 87%) have a unitary government. Nearly all countries ...

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