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  1. › wiki › WarringtonWarrington - Wikipedia

    May 02, 2022 · Warrington ( / ˈwɒrɪŋtən /) is a large town, borough and unitary authority in Cheshire, England, on the banks of the River Mersey. It is 20 miles (32 km) east of Liverpool, and 16 miles (26 km) west of Manchester. The population in 2019 was estimated at 165,456 for the town's urban area, and just over 210,014 for the entire borough, the ...

    • Events
    • New Books
    • Births
    • Deaths
    January 22 – The second edition of Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre is dedicated to William Makepeace Thackeray.It is also first published in the United States this year.
    February 21 – Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish The Communist Manifesto (Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei)in London.
    March 15 – Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire: Hungarian Revolution of 1848 – The poet Sándor Petőfi with Mihály Táncsics and other young men lead the bloodless revolution in Pest, reciting...
    March 18 – The Boston Public Library is founded by an act of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts.


    1. W. Harrison Ainsworth – The Lancashire Witches (serialised in The Sunday Times) 2. Willibald Alexis – Der Werwulf 3. R. M. Ballantyne – Life in the Wilds of North America 4. Anne Brontë – The Tenant of Wildfell Hall 5. Edward Bulwer-Lytton – Harold, the Last of the Saxons 6. William Carleton – The Emigrants of Ahadarra 7. Charles Dickens 7.1. Dombey and Son 7.2. The Haunted Man and the Ghost's Bargain 8. Fyodor Dostoevsky – White Nights 9. Alexandre Dumas, fils – La Dame aux caméllias 10....

    Children and young people

    1. Cecil Frances Alexander – Hymns for Little Children (includes "All Things Bright and Beautiful" and "Once in Royal David's City" 2. Catherine Crowe – Pippie's Warning, or, Mind Your Temper


    1. Émile Augier – L'Aventurière 2. Alfred de Musset – André del Sarto

    January 6 – Hristo Botev, Bulgarian poet and journalist (died 1876)
    January 28 – Mary Elizabeth Hawker, Scottish-born English fiction writer (died 1908)
    February 5 – Joris Karl Huysmans (Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans), French novelist (died 1907)
    February 16 – Octave Mirbeau, French travel writer, novelist and playwright (died 1917)
    January 19 – Isaac D'Israeli, English scholar and man of letters (born 1766)
    February 9 – Ann Batten Cristall, English poet (born 1769)
    February 13 – Sophie von Knorring, Swedish novelist (born 1797)
    July 4 – François-René de Chateaubriand, French historian, politician and diplomat (born 1768)
    • Political History
    • Social and Economic History
    • Foreign Policy
    • Timeline
    • Monarchs
    • Further Reading

    Charles I: 1625–1649

    King James was failing in physical and mental strength, because of this he was often mocked by his family and his own father would throw objects at him when he would try to stand up, and decision-making was increasingly in the hands of Charles and especially George Villiers (1592–1628), (he was Earl of Buckingham from 1617 and Duke from 1623). Buckingham showed a very high degree of energy and application, as well as a huge appetite for rewards and riches. By 1624 he was effectively the ruler...

    Civil War and Interregnum: 1642–1660

    The First English Civil War of 1642–1645 ended in victory for the Parliamentarians over the Royalists (often called "Cavaliers"). The Parliamentarians were often called "Roundheads" because of their short practical haircuts. The Second English Civil War was fought in 1648–1649; Charles lost and the execution of Charles Itook place in January 1649. The monarchy was temporarily displaced by the Commonwealth of England from 1649 to 1660. Oliver Cromwell ruled directly from 1653 to his death in 1...

    Restoration and Charles II: 1660–1685

    Widespread dissatisfaction with the lack of the king led to the Restoration in 1660, which was based on strong support for inviting Charles II to take the throne. The restoration settlement of 1660 reestablished the monarchy, and incorporated the lessons learned in the previous half century. The first basic lesson was that the king and the parliament were both needed, for troubles cumulated when the king attempted to rule alone (1629–1640), when Parliament ruled without a king (1642–1653) or...


    The total population of England grew steadily in the 17th century, from 1600 to about 1660, then declined slightly and stagnated between 1649 and 1714. The population was about 4.2 million in 1603, 5.2 million in 1649, 5.1 million in 1660, 4.9 million in 1688, and 5.3 million in 1714. By 1714 the Greater London area held about 674,000 people, or one in nine of England's population. The next cities in size were Norwich and Bristol(with a population of about 30,000 each). About 90% of the peopl...

    Witchcraft and magic

    Historians have recently placed stress on how people at the time dealt with the supernatural, not just in formal religious practice and theology, but in everyday life through magic and witchcraft. The persecution of witches began in England in 1563, and hundreds were executed. England was spared the frenzy on Continental Europe; with over 5% of Europe's population in 1600, England executed only 1% of the 40,000 witches killed in the period 1400–1800. The government made witchcraft a capital c...


    There was no free schooling for ordinary children, but in the towns and cities small local private schools were opened for the benefit of the boys of the middle classes, and a few were opened for girls. The rich and the nobility relied on private tutors. Private schools were starting to open for young men of the upper classes, and universities operated in Scotland and England. The University of Oxford and the University of Cambridgeprovided some education for prospective Anglican ministers, b...

    Stuart England was primarily consumed with internal affairs. King James I (reigned 1603–25) was sincerely devoted to peace, not just for his three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, but for Europe as a whole. He disliked Puritans and Jesuits alike, because of their eagerness for warfare. He called himself "Rex Pacificus" ("King of peace.") ...

    The Stuart period began in 1603 with the death of Queen Elizabeth I and the accession of King James I. There was a break in the middle but the Stuarts were restored to the throne in 1660. It ended in 1714 (after 111 years) with the death of Queen Anne and the accession of King George I, the first king of the House of Hanover. The yellow bars show S...

    The House of Stuartproduced six monarchs who ruled during this period. 1. James I (1603–1625) 2. Charles I (1625–1649) 3. Charles II (1660–1685) 4. James II (1685–1688) 5. William III (1689–1702) 6. Mary II (1689–1694) 7. Anne (1702–1714)

    Bucholz, Robert, and Newton Key. Early modern England 1485–1714: A narrative history(2009); university textbook.
    Burke, Peter "Popular culture in seventeenth-century London." The London Journal 3.2 (1977): 143–162. online
    Campbell, Mildred. English yeoman under Elizabeth and the early Stuarts(1942), rich coverage of rural life
    Clark, George, The Later Stuarts, 1660–1714(Oxford History of England) (2nd ed. 1956), a wide-ranging standard scholarly survey.
  2. › wiki › HolyheadHolyhead - Wikipedia

    May 08, 2022 · Holyhead (/ ˌ h ɒ l i ˈ h ɛ d /, / ˈ h ɒ l i h ɛ d / (); Welsh: Caergybi [kɑːɨrˈɡəbi], "Cybi's fort") is a town in Wales and a major Irish Sea port serving Ireland.It is also a community and the largest town in the Isle of Anglesey county, with a population of 13,659 at the 2011 census.

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