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  1. Upper Paleolithic - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Upper_Paleolithic

    3 days ago · The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic) also called the Late Stone Age is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.Very broadly, it dates to between 50,000 and 12,000 years ago (the beginning of the Holocene), according to some theories coinciding with the appearance of behavioral modernity in early modern humans, until the advent of the Neolithic Revolution and ...

  2. History of the United States - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_the_United_States

    3 days ago · This article is part of a series on the History of the United States of America Timeline and periods Prehistoric and Pre-colonial until 1607 Colonial period 1607–1765 1776–1789 American Revolution 1765–1783 Confederation Period 1783–1788 1789–1849 Federalist Era 1788–1801 Jeffersonian Era 1801–1817 Era of Good Feelings 1817–1825 Jacksonian Era 1825–1849 1849–1865 Civil War ...

  3. Idaho - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Idaho

    4 days ago · A Late Upper Paleolithic site was identified at Cooper's Ferry in western Idaho near the town of Cottonwood by archaeologists in 2019. Based on evidence found at the site, first people lived in this area 15,300 to 16,600 years ago, predating the Beringia land bridge by about a thousand years.

  4. Prehistoric art - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Prehistoric_art

    6 days ago · The earliest undisputed art originated with the Homo sapiens Aurignacian archaeological culture in the Upper Paleolithic. However, there is some evidence that the preference for the aesthetic emerged in the Middle Paleolithic, from 100,000 to 50,000 years ago.

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  6. Cerutti Mastodon site - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Cerutti_Mastodon_site

    4 days ago · Context. The Cerutti Mastodon site (SDNHM locality 3767) is a paleontological site located in San Diego County, California, United States.A team of researchers from the San Diego Natural History Museum, led by Thomas Deméré, excavated the site from 1992 to 1993.

  7. Historical race concepts - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Historical_race_concepts

    5 days ago · The Upper Paleolithic peoples are the truly indigenous peoples of Europe. Mediterraneans invaded Europe in large numbers during the Neolithic period and settled there. The racial situation in Europe today may be explained as a mixture of Upper Paleolithic survivors and Mediterraneans.

  8. Paleolítico - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    es.wikipedia.org › wiki › Paleolítico

    5 days ago · El Paleolítico ha sido dividido tradicionalmente en tres periodos: . Paleolítico inferior, desde hace unos 2,85 millones de años hasta los 127 000 años antes del presente (AP), abarcando parte del Plioceno y los tres primeros pisos del Pleistoceno: Gelasiense, Calabriense e Chibaniense (antiguamente la segunda era conocida como Pleistoceno inferior y la tercera como Pleistoceno medio);

  9. 5 days ago · Its arched entrance, which was essentially the same during Middle Paleolithic and early Upper Paleolithic times, faces north-northwest. The small terrace in front of the cave is formed by a huge rock collapse at least part of which occurred during the Upper Paleohthic. The escarpment at Kebara is made of limestone of Cenomanian and Turonian age.

    • Engraving - Freeform, Flowing Decorations and Sets of Regular Incisions
    • Perforations - Jewellery and "Musical Instruments" Created by Natural Causes
    • Stone Tools Which Were Made Too Well
    • The Collection of Curiosities
    • The Use of Pigments
    • Chatelperronian Ornaments and Decorations
    • References from Other Sources

    Figure 1 Rib from Pech Azé II with "macaroni decorations", with the marks of vascular vessels (photo Ph. Jugie,© collections and Musée national de préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, drawing P. Laurent) The most famous bone with flowing decorations is this rib fragment discovered by F. Bordes in Pech de l’Azé II, in an acheulean level (Fig. 1, left). The many serpentine tangled lines present on one side of the rib fragment were interpreted by the discoverer and other authors (Donald, 1991) as a deliberate engraving. This interpretation was confirmed by microscopic analysis carried out by Marshack, who saw in this engraved motif the precursor of the "macaroni" art (macaroni/meander art is a form of randomly meandering finger flutings) visible on the walls of many decorated caves of the upper Palaeolithic. (Pech de l’Azé is a cluster of four Lower and Middle Paleolithic sites. They are situated some 50 metres higher than the floor of a small, usually dry, valley that runs into the Enéa,...

    Figure 6 a, b, c: perforated bones from Pech de l’Azé II, Kulna, and Bois Roche (after D’Errico et Villa, 1997 and 1998; Border, 1969; Vincent, 1993). e: femur of a juvenile bear from Divje Babe (Slovenia) with multiple perforations probably made by bears, and initially interpreted as a flute (on the diagram the impacts and scratches of teeth of a carnivore are indicated); after D'Errico et al., 2003, scale (using the black bar) 1 cm. In the same way, the perforations on phalanges (toe bones)of reindeer from Quina, interpreted as whistles (Henri-Martin, 1907 and 1909), seem to be the result of the combined effect of chewing and digestion by carnivores, and even of post-depositional deterioration (Chase, 1990; Taborin, 1990; D'Errico and Villa, 1998). Lastly, microscopic analysis and the study of frames of reference of bear dens made it possible to show that the flute of Divje Babe in Slovenia (Turk, 1997; fig. 6) was a femur of a young cavebear probably pierced by the bears themselv...

    Figure 8 A biface Acheulean tool containing a fossil (right) from West Tofts, England, according to Bahn, 2000, unknown scale. The other tools are Mousterean (Usually Neanderthal) bifaced Acheulean, carefully shaped on non-local raw materials. (Pech de l’Azé I, niveau 4, Soressi, 2002; Chez Pinaud, US07, photo E. Claud), Scale (using the black bar) 1 cm Furthermore, in cases where there was a high degree of investment of technical skill, such an investment may simply be a consequence of minimizing risk-taking. On a beautiful blank of good material, a tool of good quality is cut by a highly qualified flint knapper, not a novice. Then, once the object has been successfully made, it is selected to be used and transported from its place of origin because the precision and good design allow it to be resharpened many times. The investment technique helps to minimize risks, in an economic system where activities are planned in the long term. It is a quite logical behaviour, in the context...

    Figure 9 Globular coral and spiral gastropod fossil found in the Mousterianof the Grotte de l’Hyène (Cave of the Hyena) at Arcy-sur-Cure (after Poplin, in Otte,1996) and a brachiopod of the family Terebratulid from Bajocien, transported more than 30 km (after Soressi, 2002), scale (using the bar) 1 cm. At Arcy-sur-Cure, two fossils were found in the final Mousterian of the Grotte de l’Hyène: a globular coral a few centimetres in diameter and a spiral gastropod (Fig. 9). At Pech de l’Azé I, in the lower level (level 4), one of us (M. Soressi) has recognized a brachiopod of the family Terebratulid, the lamp shells, transported more than 30 km, which for this deposit attests to long distance transportation: less than 0.5% of the raw material for stone tools has been transported over such a long distance (Soressi, 2002). Several transported fossils were recognized in Combe Grenal, or Chez Pourré-Chez Comte, for example, with the latter one coming from several tens of kilometres away (Lh...

    Figure 10 Microscope infinite focus and 3D reconstruction of the surface of pigments. The experimental reference frame consists of friction on sandstone and then tracing marks onto the skin. This is possible, without danger to the objects, thanks to special equipment that involves no contact with the surfaces, but provides a 3D reconstruction of the microtopography surface, and high resolution images (Fig. 10) (as well as false colour images). This equipment also allows quantification of the surface by measuring roughness variables. You can compare on the same basis microwear on archaeological objects and those produced experimentally while simultaneously freeing oneself from the qualitative character of simple subjective microscopic observations. Microwear on Neanderthal pigments colorants inspired an experimental protocol leading to the classification of thirteen different types of modification and use, which include the production of powder by scraping with a sharp flint tool, ab...

    Figure 12 Chatelperronian ornaments found at Quinçay (excavations F. Lévêque, photos M. Soressi), scale (using the bar) 1 cm. Nearly forty elements of jewelry were found in Chatelperronian levels of the Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure. The last Chatelperronian levels of Quinçay (Granger and Lévêque, 1997) have also given us six pierced animal teeth (Fig. 12). Several bored shells were also found in Uluzzian deposits in Italy and Greece. (In Italy the lithic industries found immediately after the Mousterian are classified as belonging either to the Uluzzian or to the Aurignacian, and there seems to be a tacit assumption that the former were made by Neanderthals while the latter were made by modern humans, Homo sapiens. - http://www.ucl.ac.uk/prehistoric/reviews/04_04_mussi.htm) The human remains associated with the Chatelperronian ssites seem to indicate that Neanderthals are the originators of the Chatelperronian. Some of the Chatelperronian bone tools from the cave of the Grotte d...

    Heyes, P., et al., 2016: Selection and Use of Manganese Dioxide by Neanderthalst, Scientific Reports, | 6:22159 | DOI: 10.1038/srep22159, https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/news/2016/02/neanderth...

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