Lugalbanda was a deified Sumerian king of Uruk who, according to various sources of Mesopotamian literature, was the father of Gilgamesh.Early sources mention his consort Ninsun and his heroic deeds in an expedition to Aratta by King Enmerkar.
Enmerkar was an ancient Sumerian ruler to whom the construction of Uruk and a 420-year reign was attributed. According to literary sources, he led various campaigns against the land of Aratta
Eannatum (Sumerian: 𒂍𒀭𒈾𒁺 É.AN.NA-tum 2) was a Sumerian Ensi (ruler or king) of Lagash circa 2500–2400 BCE. He established one of the first verifiable empires in history: he subdued Elam and destroyed the city of Susa as well as several other Iranian cities, and extended his domain to Sumer and Akkad.
Hammurabi was an Amorite First Dynasty king of the city-state of Babylon, and inherited the power from his father, Sin-Muballit, in c. 1792 BC. Babylon was one of the many largely Amorite ruled city-states that dotted the central and southern Mesopotamian plains and waged war on each other for control of fertile agricultural land.
Pharaoh; Reign: c. 1550–1525 BC (Egyptian chronology) ()25 years and 4 months in Manetho (18th Dynasty): Predecessor: Tjez tawy Ṯs tꜢwy He who knots together the Two Lands
La storia dei Sumeri inizia attorno al quarto millennio a.C. (Il nome Sumeri deriva da Sumer).. I Sumeri sostenevano che la loro civiltà fosse stata portata, già completamente formata, alla città di Eridu (probabilmente da Dilmun, identificato in seguito con l'attuale Bahrein) dal loro dio Enki o dal suo aiutante Adapa (chiamato Oannes da Berosso).
Naqada III is the last phase of the Naqada culture of ancient Egyptian prehistory, dating from approximately 3200 to 3000 BC. It is the period during which the process of state formation, which began in Naqada II, became highly visible, with named kings heading powerful polities.