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  1. Danish Royals | Unofficial Royalty | Page 10 › category › danish

    May 27, 2021 · Prince Knud Christian Frederik Michael was born on July 27, 1900, at Sorgenfri Palace in Lyngby-Taarbæk, Denmark and was the younger of the two sons of King Christian X of Denmark and his wife Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

  2. Olav V of Norway — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Olav_V_of_Norway
    • Birth and Early Life
    • World War II
    • Reign
    • Illness and Death
    • Legacy
    • Titles, Styles and Honours
    • Gallery
    • Bibliography
    • External Links

    Olav was born Prince Alexan­der Ed­ward Chris­t­ian Frederik in Ap­ple­ton House on the royal San­dring­ham Es­tate, Flitcham, United Kingdom. His par­ents were Prince Carl, sec­ond son of Crown Prince Fred­er­ick of Den­mark (later King Fred­er­ick VIII), and Princess Maud, youngest daugh­ter of King Ed­ward VII of the United King­dom, who was the el­dest son of Britain's Queen Vic­to­ria. In 1905, Carl was elected king of Nor­way and took the name Haakon VII. On the day Haakon was crowned, he gave his two-year-old son the Nor­we­gian name Olav after Olaf Haakon­s­son, king of Nor­way and Denmark. Olav was thus the first heir to the throne since the Mid­dle Ages to have been raised in Nor­way. Un­like his fa­ther, who was a naval of­fi­cer, Olav chose to com­plete his main mil­i­tary ed­u­ca­tion in the army. He grad­u­ated from the three-year Nor­we­gian Mil­i­tary Acad­emy in 1924, with the fourth best score in his class. Olav then went on to study ju­rispru­dence and eco­nom­ics...

    As Crown Prince, Olav had re­ceived ex­ten­sive mil­i­tary train­ing and had par­tic­i­pated in most major Nor­we­gian mil­i­tary ex­er­cises. Be­cause of this he was per­haps one of the most knowl­edge­able Nor­we­gian mil­i­tary leaders[citation needed] and was re­spected by other Al­lied lead­ers for his knowl­edge and lead­er­ship skills. Dur­ing a visit to the United States be­fore the war, he and his wife had es­tab­lished a close re­la­tion­ship with Pres­i­dent Roo­sevelt. These fac­tors would prove to be im­por­tant for the Nor­we­gian fight against the at­tack­ing Ger­man forces. In 1939, Crown Prince Olav was ap­pointed an ad­mi­ral of the Royal Nor­we­gian Navy and a gen­eral of the Nor­we­gian Army. Dur­ing World War II, Olav stood by his fa­ther's side in re­sist­ing the Ger­man oc­cu­pa­tion of Nor­way. Dur­ing the cam­paign he was a valu­able ad­vi­sor both to civil­ian and mil­i­tary lead­ers. When the Nor­we­gian gov­ern­ment de­cided to go into exile, he of­fered...

    Suc­ceed­ing to the Nor­we­gian throne in 1957 upon his fa­ther's death, Olav reigned as a "Peo­ple's King," and be­came ex­tremely pop­u­lar. He liked to drive his own cars, and would drive in the pub­lic lanes, even though as a monarch he was al­lowed to drive in bus lanes. When dri­ving was re­stricted dur­ing the 1973 en­ergy cri­sis, King Olav - who could have dri­ven legally - wanted to lead by ex­am­ple; while prepar­ing for a ski­ing trip, he dressed up in his ski­ing out­fit and boarded the Hol­menkoll­ba­nen sub­ur­ban rail­way car­ry­ing his skis on his shoulder.When later asked how he dared to go out in pub­lic with­out body­guards, he replied that "he had 4 mil­lion body­guards"—the pop­u­la­tion of Nor­way was at the time 4 mil­lion. For his ath­letic abil­ity and role as King, Olav earned the Hol­menkollen medal in 1968, the Medal for Out­stand­ing Civic Achieve­ment in 1970 and was made Name of the Year in 1975. He had a strong in­ter­est in mil­i­tary mat­ters and t...

    Dur­ing the sum­mer of 1990, the King suf­fered from health prob­lems, but re­cov­ered some­what dur­ing Christ­mas the same year. At the age of 87, on 17 Jan­u­ary 1991, while re­sid­ing in the Royal Lodge Kongs­seteren in Oslo, he be­came ill and died in the evening of a my­ocar­dial in­farc­tion. An in­ter­view given by King Har­ald V and hints in a bi­og­ra­phy by Jo Benkow, who was the Pres­i­dent of the Stort­ing at that time, men­tion the pos­si­bil­ity that King Olav suf­fered great trauma upon learn­ing of the out­break of the first Gulf War, which began the day of his death. Olav's son Har­ald V suc­ceeded him as King. On the night of his death and for sev­eral days up until the state fu­neral, Nor­we­gians mourned pub­licly, light­ing hun­dreds of thou­sands of can­dles in the court­yard out­side the Royal Palace in Oslo, with let­ters and cards placed amongst them.The Na­tional Archives have pre­served all these cards.

    King Olav's lead­er­ship dur­ing the Sec­ond World War made him a sym­bol of Nor­we­gian in­de­pen­dence and na­tional unity. As King Olav's wife, Princess Märtha, died of can­cer, the King Olav V's Prize for Can­cer Re­searchwas es­tab­lished in 1992. A 2005 poll by the Nor­we­gian Broad­cast­ing Cor­po­ra­tion named King Olav "Nor­we­gian of the Cen­tury".

    Titles and styles

    1. 2 July 1903 – 18 November 1905: His HighnessPrince Alexander of Denmark 2. 18 November 1905 – 21 September 1957: His Royal HighnessThe Crown Prince of Norway 3. 21 September 1957 – 17 January 1991: His MajestyThe King of Norway

    National honours and medals

    1. Norway: 1.1. Recipient of the War Cross 1.2. Recipient of the Medal for Outstanding Civic Achievementin gold 1.3. Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav(later Grand Master) 1.4. Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit(Grand Master) 1.5. Recipient of the St Olav's medal 1.6. Recipient of the Haakon VII Coronation Medal 1.7. Recipient of the War Medal 1.8. Recipient of the Haakon VII 70th Anniversary Medal 1.9. Recipient of the King Haakon VII 1905–1955 Jub...

    Foreign honours

    1. Argentina: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin 2. Austria: Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria 3. Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold 4. Brazil: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Rose 5. Chile: Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Merit of Chile 6. Denmark: 6.1. Knight of the Elephant(13 August 1921) 6.2. Cross of Honour of the Order of the Dannebrog(13 August 1921) 6.3. Grand Command...

    Crown Prince Olav arrives in Norway in 1905 on his father's arm and is greeted by Prime Minister Christian Michelsen
    Drawing, 1906, by Andreas Bloch
    Crown Prince Olav and his father King Haakon VII take shelter under birch trees as the German Luftwaffe bombs Molde
    Benkow, Jo (1991). Olav – menneske og monark (in Norwegian) (3rd ed.). Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag. ISBN 82-05-20192-7.
    Bratli, Kjell Arne; Schau, Øyvind (1995). Sjøoffiser og samfunnsbygger : Vernepliktige sjøoffiserers forening : 100-års jubileumsbok : 1895–1995 (in Norwegian). Hundvåg: Sjømilitære Samfund ved Nor...
    Dahl, Hans Fredrik (1982). Norge under Olav V (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. ISBN 8202090520.
    Flint, Peter B. (18 January 1991). "Olav V, Norway's King 33 Years And Resistance Hero, Dies at 87". New York Times.
  3. History | European Travel Magazine › denmark › history-dk

    May 25, 2021 · A series of Danish defeats culminating in the Battle of Bornhöved on 22 July 1227 cemented the loss of Denmark's north German territories. Valdemar himself was saved only by the courageous actions of a German knight who carried Valdemar to safety on his horse. From that time on, Valdemar focused his efforts on domestic affairs.

  4. Christian X of Denmark — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Christian_X_of_Denmark
    • Early Life
    • Reign
    • Legends
    • Honours
    • External Links

    Chris­t­ian was born on 26 Sep­tem­ber 1870 at his par­ents' coun­try res­i­dence, the Char­lot­ten­lund Palace north of Copen­hagen, dur­ing the reign of his pa­ter­nal grand­fa­ther, King Chris­t­ian IX. He was the first child of Crown Prince Fred­er­ick of Den­mark and his wife Louise of Swe­den. His fa­ther was the el­dest son of King Chris­t­ian IX of Den­mark and Louise of Hesse-Kas­sel, and his mother was the only daugh­ter of King Charles XV of Swe­den and Nor­way and Louise of the Nether­lands. He was bap­tised with the names Chris­t­ian Carl Fred­erik Al­bert Alexan­der Vilhelm in the chapel of Chris­tians­borg Palace on 31 Oc­to­ber 1870 by the Bishop of Zealand, Hans Lassen Martensen. Prince Chris­t­ian was raised with his sib­lings in the royal house­hold in Copen­hagen, and grew up be­tween his par­ents' res­i­dence in Copen­hagen, the Fred­er­ick VIII's Palace, an 18th-cen­tury palace which forms part of the Amalien­borg Palace com­plex in cen­tral Copen­hagen, and th...


    On 14 May 1912, King Fred­er­ick VIII died after col­laps­ing from short­ness of breath while tak­ing a walk in a park in Ham­burg, Ger­many. He had been re­turn­ing from a re­cu­per­a­tion stay in Nice, France, and was stay­ing anony­mously in the city be­fore con­tin­u­ing to Copen­hagen. Chris­t­ian was in Copen­hagenwhen he heard about his fa­ther's demise and ac­ceded to the throne as Chris­t­ian X.

    Easter Crisis of 1920

    In April 1920, Chris­t­ian in­sti­gated the Easter Cri­sis, per­haps the most de­ci­sive event in the evo­lu­tion of the Dan­ish monar­chy in the twen­ti­eth cen­tury. The im­me­di­ate cause was a con­flict be­tween the King and the cab­i­net over the re­uni­fi­ca­tion with Den­mark of Schleswig, a for­mer Dan­ish fief­dom, which had been lost to Prus­sia dur­ing the Sec­ond War of Schleswig. Dan­ish claims to the re­gion per­sisted to the end of World War I, at which time the de­feat of the...

    World War II

    On 9 April 1940 at 4 pm the Nazi Ger­many in­vaded Den­mark in a sur­prise at­tack, over­whelm­ing Den­mark's Army and Navy and de­stroy­ing the Dan­ish Army Air Corps. Chris­t­ian X quickly re­al­ized that Den­mark was in an im­pos­si­ble po­si­tion. Its ter­ri­tory and pop­u­la­tion were far too small to hold out against Ger­many for any sus­tained pe­riod of time. Its flat land would have re­sulted in it being eas­ily over­run by Ger­man panz­ers; Jut­land, for in­stance, would have been o...

    On 22 No­vem­ber 1942, The Wash­ing­ton Post pub­lished a pho­to­graph of Chris­t­ian X; call­ing him, face­tiously, a vic­tim of Hitler, and stat­ing that the na­tion of this monarch did not op­pose Ger­man oc­cu­pa­tion with arms. It be­came then im­por­tant for Dan­ish Amer­i­cans to prove the con­trary, and a num­ber of sto­ries were in­vented in the tur­moil of the war. The most suc­cess­ful of these was the leg­end of the King wear­ing the yel­low starin order to sup­port the Jews. King Chris­t­ian used to ride daily through the streets of Copen­hagen un­ac­com­pa­nied while the peo­ple stood and waved to him. One apoc­ryphal story re­lates that one day, a Ger­man sol­dier re­marked to a young boy that he found it odd that the King would ride with no body­guard. The boy re­port­edly replied, "All of Den­mark is his body­guard." This story was re­counted in Nathaniel Bench­ley's best­selling book Bright Candles as well as in Lois Lowry's book Num­ber the Stars. The con­tem­po­r...

    King Chris­t­ian X Land in Green­landis named after him. Danish and Icelandic honours 1. Knight of the Elephant, 26 September 1888 2. Cross of Honour of the Order of the Dannebrog, 26 September 1888 3. Commemorative Medal for the Golden Wedding of King Christian IX and Queen Louise 4. Grand Commander of the Dannebrog, in Diamonds, 14 May 1912 5. Founder and Grand Master of the Order of the Falcon, 3 July 1921 – 17 June 1944 Foreign honours

    The Royal Lineage at the website of the Danish Monarchy
    Christian X at the website of the Royal Danish Collection at Amalienborg Palace
    Newspaper clippings about Christian X of Denmark in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
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