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    • Symptoms of cholera infection can include:

      • Diarrhea. Cholera-related diarrhea comes on suddenly and can quickly cause dangerous fluid loss — as much as a quart (about 1 liter) an hour. ...
      • Nausea and vomiting. Vomiting occurs especially in the early stages of cholera and can last for hours.
      • Dehydration. ... of cholera infection can include: 1 Diarrhea.,and can last for hours. 3 Dehydration.
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    What diseases can Vibrio cholerae cause?

    How does the Vibrio cholerae attack and spread?

    What causes cholera disease?

    What is the cure for cholera?

  2. Cholera - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Left untreated, cholera can be fatal in a matter of hours, even in previously healthy people.Modern sewage and water treatment have virtually eliminated cholera in industrialized countries. The last major outbreak in the United States occurred in 1911. But cholera is still present in Africa, Southeast Asia and Haiti. The risk of cholera epidemic is highest when poverty, wa...

    Most people exposed to the cholera bacterium (Vibrio cholerae) don't become ill and never know they've been infected. Yet because they shed cholera bacteria in their stool for seven to 14 days, they can still infect others through contaminated water. Most symptomatic cases of cholera cause mild or moderate diarrhea that's often hard to distinguish from diarrhea caused by other problems.Only about 1 in 10 infected people develops more-serious signs and symptoms of cholera, usually within a few...

    A bacterium called Vibrio cholerae causes cholera infection. However, the deadly effects of the disease are the result of a potent toxin called CTX that the bacterium produce in the small intestine. CTX binds to the intestinal walls, where it interferes with the normal flow of sodium and chloride. This causes the body to secrete enormous amounts of water, leading to diarrhea and a rapid loss of fluids and salts (electrolytes).Contaminated water supplies are the main source of cholera infectio...

    Everyone is susceptible to cholera, with the exception of infants who derive immunity from nursing mothers who have previously had cholera. Still, certain factors can make you more vulnerable to the disease or more likely to experience severe signs and symptoms. Risk factors for cholera include: 1. Poor sanitary conditions. Cholera is more likely to flourish in situations where a sanitary environment — including a safe water supply — is difficult to maintain. Such conditions are common to ref...

    Cholera can quickly become fatal. In the most severe cases, the rapid loss of large amounts of fluids and electrolytes can lead to death within two to three hours. In less extreme situations, people who don't receive treatment may die of dehydration and shock hours to days after cholera symptoms first appear.Although shock and severe dehydration are the most devastating complications of cholera, other problems can occur, such as: 1. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Dangerously low levels of bl...

    Cholera is rare in the United States with the few cases related to travel outside the U.S. or to contaminated and improperly cooked seafood from the Gulf Coast waters.If you're traveling to cholera-endemic areas, your risk of contracting the disease is extremely low if you follow these precautions: 1. Wash hands with soap and water frequently, especially after using the toilet and before handling food. Rub soapy, wet hands together for at least 15 seconds before rinsing. If soap and water are...

  3. Illness and Symptoms | Cholera | CDC

    Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. People can get sick when they swallow food or water contaminated with cholera bacteria. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe and life-threatening. A physician checking a patient for dehydration

  4. Cholera, caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, is rare in the United States and other industrialized nations. However, globally, cholera cases have increased steadily since 2005 and the disease still occurs in many places including Africa, Southeast Asia, and Haiti.

  5. Cholera: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis - Healthline

    Jul 08, 2017 · Cholera usually causes mild to moderate diarrhea, like other illnesses. One in 10 people who are infected will develop typical symptoms within two to three days after infection. Common symptoms of...

  6. Vibrio cholerae: Symptoms, Treatment and Morphology |
    • Cholera and The 2010 Haitian Earthquake
    • The Culprit
    • Symptoms of Cholera
    • An Ounce of Prevention

    The devastating 2010 earthquake in Haiti killed over 300,000 people. The survivors had to deal with the loss of loved ones, rebuilding homes and seeking out a livelihood. Unbeknownst to them, they also had to contend with an invisible microbe that wreaked havoc in the aftermath of the earthquake. In the two years following the earthquake almost a half a million cases of cholera were reported and over 6,600 people died of the disease in Haiti. This was the biggest outbreak of cholera in over a...

    Cholera is caused by Vibrio cholerae, a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria with a small bend in the middle and a long tail-like flagella. V. cholerae looks basically like a bratwurst with a tail! Gram-negative refers to its thin cell wall, which is surrounded by a protective outer membrane. The bacteria swim quickly about in infested water using their flagella in a whip-like manner to propel forward. V. cholerae can survive in warm, basic (pH > 7) and salty water for long periods of time, but...

    The cells of the intestinal wall have several functions, including produce mucus, and transfer nutrients from the intestine to the blood stream. However, when cells encounter CT, they also start to excrete copious amounts of electrolytes, like sodium and potassium, into the small intestine. Water typically flows towards the highest concentration of electrolytes, so copious amounts of water enter the intestine as well. This results in a very watery diarrhea with flecks of mucus, which is calle...

    If left untreated, cholera will cause death in approximately 48 hours in ~55% of cases. Although there are treatments available, the best course of action is preventing the spread of V. cholerae in the first place. Basic water purification systems and effective sewage decontamination will eliminate V. cholera and prevent its transmission. However, in rural, poor areas of the tropics and after natural disasters, basic sanitary conditions are a luxury. This is why cholera remains endemic in the...

    • Cholera (Vibrio Cholerae) Pathophysiology, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
    • What Is Cholera? - Disease Symptoms and Vibrio Cholerae
    • Vibrio Vulnificus
    • KILLER DISEASES | How the Body Reacts to Cholera
  7. Cholera: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

    Cholera Symptoms Cholera Treatment and Prevention Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. It is caused by...

    • Mary Anne Dunkin
    • 1 min
  8. Cholera - Wikipedia

    Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms may range from none, to mild, to severe. The classic symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days. Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur.

  9. General Information | Cholera | CDC

    The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can be severe. Approximately 1 in 10 people who get sick with cholera will develop severe symptoms such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.

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