Otto Frank turned his business over to his non-Jewish colleagues, Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman. In 1941, Anne and Margot were no longer allowed to attend school with non-Jews. By 1942, all Jews aged 6 and older were required to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothes to mark them as Jews.
- In school, Anne was well-known as the funny girl who liked to be the center of attention.
- Her math teacher, Mr. Keesing, was often cross with her for talking during class and referred to her as “Mistress Chatterback.”
- Before hiding, Anne had a cat named Moortje.
- Anne had a collection of marbles, which she gave to her neighbor Toosje Kupers for safekeeping.
Feb 26, 2015 · Their names were Victor Kugler, Johannes Kleiman, Bep Voskuijl, Johannes Hendrik Voskuijl, Jan Gies and Miep Gies. Miep Gies died Jan. 11, 2010, five years ago, and at age 100 she was the last of ...
- Anne’s family were ‘liberal Jews’. They didn’t live in a Jewish-only community and they didn’t strictly follow all of the Jewish customs.
- Following the elections in Germany of 1933, which were won by the Nazi Party (led by Adolf Hitler), the Franks moved to Amsterdam in order to escape the antisemitic (anti-Jewish) feelings that were being promoted by the Nazis.
- In Amsterdam, Anne started to develop a love of reading and writing.
- In May 1940, the Netherlands was invaded by Germany. Laws were made to discriminate against the Jewish population. Anne and her sister had to leave the school they were attending and transfer to a Jewish-only school.
They were: Johannes Kleiman, Miep Gies, Jan Gies, Bep Voskuijl, Johan Voskuijl, and Victor Kugler. These six people risked their lives to come to the aid of others. One of them, Victor Kugler, was asked after the war why he helped them, he replied, “They were my friends…” He didn’t need any other reason.
johannes kleiman and victor kugler , johannes kleiman death Johannes Kleiman (17 August 1896 – 28 January 1959) was one of the Dutch residents who helped hide Anne Frank and her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
Jan and Miep Gies were friends of the Frank family and, together with Miep's colleagues Victor Kugler, Bep Voskuijl, and Johannes Kleiman, helped to hide them in the "Secret Annexe" of the Gies & Co offices during the Second World War, risking their own lives in the process.
Sep 03, 2014 · Victor Kugler, Johannes Kleiman, Jan Gies, and Miep Gies, who were business associates and friends of Otto Frank’s, prepared an attic apartment for his family to evade capture from the Nazis at great personal risk to themselves. Miep especially put herself in danger by bringing the group food, clothing, and other necessities.
Aug 04, 2019 · Otto Frank had a business selling herbs, spices and pectin (a gelling agent for making jam), but it is now run by his friends Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman.
The Franks, along with one other family, hid with the help of Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman, along with Miep Gies and Elisabeth (Bep) Voskuijl. Throughout her time in the Annex, Anne seemed to mature, and had many insights about the world.