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  1. Vlad the Impaler - Wikipedia › wiki › Vlad_the_Impaler

    Vlad III is known as Vlad Țepeș (or Vlad the Impaler) in Romanian historiography. This sobriquet is connected to the impalement that was his favorite method of execution. The Ottoman writer Tursun Beg referred to him as Kazıklı Voyvoda (Impaler Lord) around 1500.

    • Wallachia

      Wallachia or Walachia (Romanian: Țara Românească pronounced...

    • Impalement

      Impalement, as a method of torture and execution, is the...

    • Count Dracula

      Count Dracula (/ ˈ d r æ k j ʊ l ə,-j ə l ə /) is the title...

    • Vlad Dracul

      Vlad II (Romanian: Vlad al II-lea), also known as Vlad...

  2. Vlad III the Impaler - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Vlad_III_the_Impaler
    • Historical Background
    • Biography
    • Legacy
    • Cruelty
    • Anecdotal Evidence
    • The Vampire Legend
    • Further Reading
    • Other Websites

    Wallachia was placed between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. The Turks were fighting against the Kingdom of Hungary and this made Wallachia a battle ground between Turks and Hungarians. The rulers of Wallachia were chosen by the Romanian aristocrats, called boyars. The ruler was often from a noble house, sometimes an illegitimateprince born outside of marriage. The country rulers were struggling with each other, and this was resulting in instability, family disputes and murders.

    Family background

    Vlad the Impaler was born in 1431. His father was Vlad II Dracul. His mother is unknown. Vlad II was married to princess Cneajna of Moldavia. He had several mistresses. Vlad III was raised by Cneajna with the help of her household.He had two brothers, Mircea born c. 1430 and Radu born 1435. He also had a half-brother, Vlad the Monk born around 1425-1430. Vlad II went to the court of Holy Roman Emperor, Sigismund of Luxemburg as a young man. Sigismund was supporting Vlad II for the throne of W...

    Early years

    Vlad was very likely born in the city of Sighişoara in Transylvania, then a part of the Kingdom of Hungary, during the winter of 1431. Sighişoara was a military fortress at that time. He was born as the second son to his father Vlad Dracul. He had an older brother, Mircea, and a younger brother, Radu the Handsome. Although his native country was Wallachia, the family lived in exile in Transylvania because his father had been chased away by pro-Ottoman boyars.

    A hostage of the Ottoman Empire

    Vlad's father was pressured by the (Turkish) Ottoman sultan. He gave a promise to be the vassalof the Sultan and gave up his two younger sons as hostages so that he would keep his promise. Vlad suffered much at the hands of the Ottomans, and was locked up in an underground prison; however, his younger brother, Radu, caught the eye of the sultan's son. Radu was released and converted to Islam, and he was allowed into the Ottoman royal court. These years had a great influence on Vlad. They shap...

    Tales and legends about Vlad stayed a part of folkloreamong the Romanian peasants. By constant retelling they have become confused and created an ideal picture of a big national hero. Among the Romanian peasants, Vlad Ţepeş was sometimes remembered as a prince who defended his country. But sometimes he is remembered as a very cruel and often capricious ruler. There are several events that are common to all tales.One tale is about foreign ambassadors whom Vlad Ţepeş was meeting at Târgovişte. All versions agree that Vlad, in response to some real or imagined insult, (perhaps because they refused to remove the hats in Vlad's presence), had their hats nailed to their heads. A good description of Vlad Dracula survives, courtesy of Nicholas of Modrussa, who wrote: His famous portrait was rediscovered in the late 1800s, in the gallery of horrors at Innsbruck's Ambras Castle.

    Vlad III Ţepeş has been described as very cruel. The old Romanian word for dragon is Dracul, which in modern Romanian means "devil". In Old Romanian, it means "dragon". Dracul was the name given to his father, Vlad II, by other members of the Order of the Dragon. Impalement was Ţepeş's preferred method of torture and execution. His method of torture was a horse attached to each of the victim's legs while sharpened stake was forced into the body. Vlad often had the stakes arranged in patterns. The most common pattern was a ring outside of a city that was his target. The height of the spear indicated the rank of the victim. The corpses were often left there for months. One tale says 10,000 were impaled in the Transylvanian city of Sibiu (where Vlad the Impaler had once lived) in 1460. Another tale says that on Saint Bartholomew's Day (in August), Vlad the Impaler had 30,000 people of the free Transylvanian city of Braşov impaled. One of the most famous woodcutsof the period shows Vlad...

    Much of the information we have about Vlad III Ţepeş comes from texts published in the Holy Roman Empire in German texts from 1488 and books written in Russian. These were entertainmentin a society where the printing press was new. The texts were reprinted over the thirty years following Vlad's death. The German texts said Vlad Ţepeş was a person who terrorized the land and killed innocents. The Russian texts said his actions were justified, because Vlad helped them. The texts agree on some details. According to the texts, he was particularly cruel against women and wanted his people to work hard. Merchants who cheated their customers were likely to be killed because of that.

    The fictional vampire in the novel Dracula by Bram Stoker was inspired by the legends of this Wallachian prince. The cruel person of the Impaler was a suitable character for Stoker's purposes possibly combined with Oscar Wilde, a poet whom dated Stoker's wife and was outed as homosexual near the making of Stoker's famous novel. The events of Vlad's life happened in a region of the world that was still medievalin Stoker's time. Although there were vampire tales originating elsewhere, the vampire, as he became known in Europe, largely originated in Southern Slavic and Greek folklore. The vampire tale is virtually absent in Romanian culture. Vampirism became part of the popular culture in Europe beginning in the late 17th century. Philosophers in the West began to study the phenomenon. It was during this period that Dom Augustine Calmetwrote a famous text on vampirism in Hungary. It was also during this period that authors and playwrights first began to explore the vampire legend. Stok...

    Florescu, Radu R.; McNally, Raymond T. (1989). Dracula: Prince of Many Faces. Little Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-28655-9
    Radu R., Florescu; McNally, Raymond T. (1994). In Search of Dracula. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-65783-0
    Treptow, Kurt W. (2000). Vlad III Dracula: The Life and Times of the Historical Dracula. Center for Romanian Studies. ISBN 973-98392-2-3
    Babinger, Franz (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691010786
    Vlad Tepes - Dracula Between Hero and Vampire Archived 2007-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
    • Ilona Justina Szilágyi de Horogszeg
    • December 1476 or January 1477, exact date unknown (aged 44/45), Wallachia (exact location unknown)
  3. Vlad the Impaler — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Vlad_the_Impaler

    Vlad III is known as Vlad Țepeș (or Vlad the Impaler) in Romanian historiography. This sobriquet is connected to the impalement that was his favorite method of execution. The Ottoman writer Tursun Beg referred to him as Kazıklı Voyvoda (Impaler Lord) around 1500.

  4. Vlad the Impaler – Wikipedia | Horror Movie › dracula-2 › vlad-the-impaler

    Jan 22, 2017 · Vlad III, known as Vlad the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad epe; pronunciation: ) or Vlad Dracula (1428/1431 1476/77), was voivode (or prince) of Wallachia three times between 1448 and his death. He was the second son of Vlad Dracul, who became the ruler of Wallachia in 1436. Vlad and his younger brother, Radu, were held as hostages in the Ottoman ...

  5. Vlad the Impaler - Wikipedia › wiki › Vlad_Ţepeș

    Vlad III, Prince o Wallachie (1431 – 1476), mair commonly kent as Vlad the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad Ţepeș pronounced [ˈvlad ˈt͡sepeʃ] or simply as Dracula, wis a three-time Voivode o Wallachie, rulin mainly frae 1456 tae 1462.

    • Cnaejna o Bathory, Jusztina Szilagyi, Ilona Nelipic
    • December 1476(?) (agit 45), Bucharest, Wallachie
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  7. Vlad the Impaler - Wikipedia › wiki › Vlad_the_Impaler

    Vlad the Impaler dia mizaka ny zom-pirenen'i Romania teraka ny 1 Janoary 1431 ary maty ny 1 Janoary 1476 tao Bucharest. Ny fiainany manokana. I Vlad II Dracul no rainy. Ny vadiny dia Matthias Corvinus.

    • Vlad the Impaler
    • 1 Janoary 1476
    • Romania
    • 1 Janoary 1431
  8. Vlad the Impaler (Draculea) biography and historical facts › concepts › vlad-the-impaler
    • Vlad The Impaler, Western Europe’s Savior
    • Vlad The Impaler Biography (Draculea) | Summary
    • Vlad The Impaler Facts (Draculea) | Concept

    A well-known intelligent, elegant and educated Romanian Lord, Vlad the Impaler was an important leader from Medieval Europe, who, during his reign, stopped the advancement of the Ottoman Empire towards Western Europe.

    Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Draculea (1431 – 1467) was an important Romanian ruler and a great European leader of the time, who stopped the Ottoman expansion towards Western Europe during his reign. On one hand associated with the fantastic character Draculaand on another with the impalement method of execution, Vlad the Impaler was wrongly depicted for centuries, the historical truth being far different from his tyrant-like image.

    Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Draculea (1431-1467), imposing Romanian leader who first ascended to the throne in 1448, is a controversial historical character partly because of his association with the fantastic character Dracula. The controversies spawn from the lack of knowledge regarding Romanian history and from the mendacious massive international exposure of the fantastic character. Transylvania World wants to clarify once and for all the difference between the historical character Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Draculea) and the fantastic character Dracula. At the same time, our association pinpoints Vlad the Impaler’s historical role and argues againts the theories which make the Romanian leader appear as a tyrant. Nephew of the great Romanian ruler Mircea the Elder and member of the House of Drăculești, Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Draculea) was born in 1431 in Sighisoara and spent the first years of his life in Transylvania and Hungary. He had a rough childhood, being taken hostage by the Ot...

    • The Rise to Power and His Rules Over Wallachia
    • Vlad III - The Despot
    • Vlad The Impaler – Source of Inspiration For Novels
    • The War Against The Ottoman Empire and The Battle Against The Turks
    • Vlad III – The Vigilante

    One of Vlad the Impaler's main fortresses was Poenari, from where he ruled for several years. The impressive Poenari Citadel had a very strategic position, which made it very difficult to siege, not to mention conquer. Portrait of Vlad the Impaler. Photo source: Wikipedia The fierce reputation of Vlad III grew each day, and his preference for impaling got him the famous nickname of "the Impaler." This method had an enormous impact on people's morale, as the victims did not die immediately. Surprisingly, impaling was quite an art, as there were only a couple of ways of doing it without damaging the victim’s vital organs, so they could still live several daysin great pain, writhing and twitching. * Where does Count Dracula's name come from? Vlad the Impaler was a member of the Order of Dragon, a monarchical chivalric founded by the King of Hungary in 1408. The symbol of the Order was a dragon, and at that time, "Dracul" (devil) meant dragon. Vlad's father had been a member of the orde...

    Vlad ruled in Walachia three times. His first reign was in 1448 and lasted only six months because he didn’t had strong support from the nobility and was rapidly banished by the previous ruler, Vladislav II. Vlad had then only 17 years old. The second reign, however, it is the most important as it lasted the most, six years, between 1456 and 1462. This is the period when Vlad affirmed himself as a fearless and merciless leader. Fourteen years later, he succeeded to regain his throne but, unfortunately, only for a short period of time as he was killed during a battle. Even if he did not reign for many years, his actions and his powerful personality have left a strong mark in the minds of the entire population. Undoubtedly, he was remembered as cruel, violent, and sadistic and this fame of his lasts even today. But was Vlad indeed a despot?According to many historians, he surely was. Apart from all his measures taken in order to protect his country and punish the criminals, he used ma...

    Vampires and werewolves, immortal counts, and mysterious places are, apparently, some of the most long-lasting themes of Hollywood, and the recent huge success of movies Twilight or Blade is just the top of the iceberg. There is a constant fascination about vampires that seems to defy time easily. Undoubtedly, Vlad the Impaler and his “avatar” Count Dracula, deserve the most credits for having induced such great appetite for stories were excitement and terror are top of the list. And we must confess that life without Dracula would be pretty dull. So, thank you, Mr. Bram Stoker, for having written the novel that may be easily considered the one who changed the “lives” of vampires forever! And it also changed the status of Romania, which rapidly came out of the crowd becoming the more or less official country of all vampires. Nowadays, both Vlad the Impaler’s life and the places related to him are seen not only as historical evidence but also as the real roots of fascinating Dracula....

    The Ottoman war started when Vlad refused to pay tribute to the Sultan. The Ottoman Empire was furious because a prince raised by them grew rebellious, so Sultan Mehmed II decided to put an end to it. He delegated two of his most loyal men to go to Wallachia and plan Vlad's assassination, but Țepeș found out and impaled them and their armies. And thus, the fierce reputation of Vlad the Impaler as a ruthless ruler began. Vlad's court chroniclers noted the ruler's personal records very precisely. In Oblucitia and Nevoselo, 1.350 Ottomans were impaled, 6.840 in Dirstor, Catal, and Dripotrom, 630 at Turtucaia, 6.414 in Giurgiu, 1.460 in Rahova, 749 in Novigrad and Šištovica, and 210 in Marotiu, of both sexes and all ages. The beginning of the war couldn’t have been better for Vlad. But by far the most famous battle between Vlad III the Impaler and Mehmed II took place in 1462 when a great Ottoman army of more than 250,000 people was defeated by Vlad’s army of no more than 30,000 men inc...

    Vlad III is usually described as a very cruel and violent man, enjoying killing and torturing his enemies. At least, this is his worldwide reputation, and the connections with the bloody Count Dracula are just maintaining this idea. But Vlad III had a much complex personality, and this image of a merciless warrior is just one piece of the puzzle. In fact, Romanians remember him as a fair leader, brave and very intelligent so, despite his cruel methods of punishment, he was truly respected by his people. We must not forget that being a prisoner of the Ottomans for so many years and seeing lots of horrible things as a young boy changed dramatically his character and his way of seeing life in general. But one thing is sure; he loved justice and used whatever means possible to discourage any kind of crimes. Woodcut from a pamphlet depicting Vlad III "the Impaler" dining against his victims. Artist: Markus Ayrer There are many stories about how safe Walachia was during his command. He un...

  9. Vlad the Impaler Biography - Facts, Childhood, Family Life ... › profiles › vlad-the

    Vlad III, or as he was widely known, Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Dracula, was a 15th-century voivode (or prince) of Wallachia, the historical and geographical region of Romania. His life had inspired several legends even when he was alive and after his death, he has become a figure of fascination across the world.

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