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  1. Legnica - Wikipedia › wiki › Legnica

    Legnica was most likely the seat of Bolesław and it became the residence of the High Dukes that ruled the Duchy of Legnica from 1248 until 1675. [ citation needed ] Legnica is a city over which the Piast dynasty reigned the longest, for about 700 years, from the time of ruler Mieszko I of Poland after the creation of the Polish state in the ...

    • +48 76
    • 113 m (371 ft)
    • city county
    • Poland
  2. Duchy of Legnica - Wikipedia › wiki › Duchy_of_Legnica

    Even Bolesław's rule over Legnica was contested by his brother Władysław and in 1329 he had to pay homage to the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg to secure his reign. As the duchy's capital at the beginning of the 14th century, Legnica was an important city of Central Europe, with a population of approximately 16,000 residents.

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  4. Legnica - Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core › info › Legnica

    Legnica became famous for the battle that took place at Legnickie Pole near the city on 9 April 1241 during the Mongol invasion of Europe.The Christian army of the Polish duke Henry II the Pious of Silesia, supported by feudal nobility, which included in addition to Poles, Bavarian miners and military orders and Czech troops, was decisively defeated by the Mongols.

    • city county
    • Poland
  5. Duchy of Greater Poland - Wikipedia › wiki › Duchy_of_Greater_Poland

    The Duchy of Greater Poland was a historical Polish province established in 1138 according to the Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty.It existed during the period of fragmentation of Poland until 1320, centered at Poznań, Gniezno and Kalisz in the Greater Poland region.

  6. Battle of Grunwald - Wikipedia › wiki › Battle_of_Grünwald

    The Battle of Grunwald, Battle of Žalgiris or First Battle of Tannenberg was fought on 15 July 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War.The alliance of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led respectively by King Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Grand Duke Vytautas, decisively defeated the German–Prussian Teutonic Knights, led by Grand ...

    • Polish–Lithuanian victory
  7. king Boleslaus "Wrymouth" III Piast, III (1086 - 1138 ... › people › Boleslaus-III-The-Wry

    This lead to a period of nearly 200 years of Poland's feudal fragmentation; deepening after the disastrous battle of Legnica in 1241. Once Władysław I Łokietek was crowned King of Poland in 1320 he would reign on a smaller dominium, with Pomerania and Silesia mostly outside Polish sphere of influence.

  8. Teutonic Knights (Ninety-Five Theses Map Game) | Alternative ... › wiki › Teutonic_Knights
    • Timeline of Events Prior to Ninety-Five Theses
    • Height of Power
    • Decline
    • 1517-Present
    1198 Formation
    1218 Siege of Damietta
    1228–1229 The Sixth Crusade
    1237 absorption of The Livonian Brothers of the Sword

    In 1337, Emperor Louis IV allegedly granted the Order the imperial privilege to conquer all Lithuania and Russia. During the reign of Grand Master Winrich von Kniprode (1351–1382), the Order reached the peak of its international prestige and hosted numerous European crusaders and nobility. King Albert of Sweden ceded Gotland to the Order as a pledge (similar to a fiefdom), with the understanding that they would eliminate the pirating Victual Brothers from this strategic island base in the Baltic Sea. An invasion force under Grand Master Konrad von Jungingen conquered the island in 1398 and drove the Victual Brothers out of Gotland and the Baltic Sea. In 1386, Grand Duke Jogaila of Lithuania was baptised into Christianity and married Queen Jadwiga of Poland, taking the name Władysław II Jagiełło and becoming King of Poland. This created a personal union between the two countries and a potentially formidable opponent for the Teutonic Knights. The Order initially managed to play Jagiel...

    In 1410, at the Battle of Grunwald (German: Schlacht bei Tannenberg) — known in Lithuanian as the Battle of Žalgiris — a combined Polish-Lithuanian army, led by Vytautas and Jogaila, decisively defeated the Order in the Polish-Lithuanian-Teutonic War. Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen and most of the Order's higher dignitaries fell on the battlefield (50 out of 60). The Polish-Lithuanian army then besieged the capital of the Order, Marienburg, but was unable to take it owing to the resistance of Heinrich von Plauen. When the First Peace of Thorn was signed in 1411, the Order managed to retain essentially all of its territories, although the Knights' reputation as invincible warriors was irreparably damaged. While Poland and Lithuania were growing in power, that of the Teutonic Knights dwindled through infighting. They were forced to impose high taxes to pay a substantial indemnity but did not give the cities sufficient requested representation in the administration of their state. T...

  9. Polish Genealogical Society of California: 03 The Piast Dynasty › History_of_Poland › 03_The_Piast_Dynasty
    • Unification of Poland
    • Mieszko I
    • Bolesław I Chrobry
    • Mieszko II Lambert
    • Kazimierz I Odnowiciel
    • Bolesław II Smiały
    • Władysław I Herman
    • Bolesław III Krzywousty
    • Władysław II Wygnaniec
    • Bolesław IV Kędzierzawy

    It has been said, that history is made of legends. As with all other countries, Poland too has its share of these stories and tales. Reportedly, there were 3 Slav brothers, Lech, Czech, and Rus who founded the lands of Poland, Czech, and Ruthenia. Lech founded his seat in Gnieźno. Another legend concerns Krak (Krakus), a chieftain, who slew the fire- breathing dragon of a Kraków cave, which devoured young ladies. Krak built a castle on the cave, on what is presently the Wawel Hill. His daughter, Wanda, threw herself into the Vistula River, rather than marry a German prince. Still another legend portrays a wicked ruler named Popiel, who was eaten by mice in a dungeon in Kruszwica, known as the first and oldest town in Poland. Another important figure is PIAST, who was a peasant farmer. Two strangers passed through his field and predicted that he would be chosen as a ruler by his people, the "Polanie". History then records the first Polonian prince Chroszciszko, ruling circa 840 A.D....

    MIESZKO I (921-992) survived an attack by the German Count, Margrave Gero, who had expansion ideas. In 965, Mieszko married Princess Dubravka, a Bohemian and a Christian, and his entire realm embraced Christianity with him. By 989, he had unified most of the tribes and clans over which he held domain. To protect his territory from attacks, he placed his lands in the hands of the Holy See, and its protection, thus becoming a part of the Holy Roman Empire. Gniezno became the religious center (and the capital of Poland). Mieszko's daughter, Świętosława – Dumna (The Proud), also called Sygryda (Sigrid), married Eryk, the king of Sweden. Her second husband was Sven, king of Denmark. Their son, Canute the Great, ruled Denmark (1014-1033), England (1016-1035), Norway (1024-1035), and Sweden (1031-1035). He wore many crowns.

    BOLESŁAW I CHROBRY (967-1025) Boleslaus the Brave, succeeded his father Mieszko, and ruled from 992 to 1025. He waged war with the Germans for independence from the Holy Roman Empire, whose rulers were predominantly Germans. Officially, he was the first crowned King of Poland. He conquer¬ed lands reaching to the Dnieper and Danube rivers. Surrounded by open frontiers and aggressive neighbors, he safeguarded the independence of Poland and promoted Christian civilization.

    MIESZKO II LAMBERT (990-1034) son of Bolesław I, ascended the throne and ruled as King from 1025-1034. He married Ryksa of the Rhine, who was the grand¬daughter of Otto the Great. Mieszko II resigned in 1034.

    KAZIMIERZ I ODNOWICIEL (1016-1058) ruled as King from 1038 to 1058. Casimir I the Restorer, was never officially crowned, but was installed as king by his father-in-law. He married Dobronega Maria of Kiev.

    BOLESŁAW II SMIAŁY (1040-1081) Boleslaus the Bold, ruled as king from 1058 to 1079. The son of Kazimierz I was crowned on Christmas Day. He was an oppressive ruler, and was reprimanded by Stanislaus, the bishop of Kraków. In 1079 he ordered the death and dismemberment of the Bishop, in the Cathedral. The backlash against him forced him into voluntary exile to expiate for his dastardly deed. He died in a monastery in Carinthia, Austria. St. Stanislaus was canonized in 1253.

    WŁADYSŁAW I HERMAN (1041-1102) Prince Ladislaus Herman, reigned from 1079-1102. He was not crowned, but submitted to the Emperor Henry IV. His elder son, Zbigniew, sought his aid against a younger brother, who would become Bolesław II Krzywousty. To insure becoming monarch, Bolesław had his brother Zbigniew blinded. This caused his death. Władysław I Herman, was a brother of Bolesław II the Bold.

    BOLESŁAW III KRZYWOUSTY (1085-1138) Boleslaus IIl the Wrymouth, ruled as king from 1102-1138. In 1109 he defeated the invasion of Henry V and in 1121 recovered Pomerania from the Germans. He is responsible for the fragmentation of the Piast Dynasty, which started at his death in 1138 and lasted to 1320, with the coronation of Władysław Łokietek. Fragmentation or “regionalization” refers to the division of the realm into four dukedoms (Wielkopolska, Mazowia, Silesia and Małopolska) to be governed by Boleslaw’s four sons. His sons bore the titles of "princeps" (Prince and Duke). His dau¬ghter Ryksa, married Magnus, the King of Denmark.

    WŁADYSŁAW II WYGNANIEC (1105-1159) Ladislaus II the Exile, ruled as the princeps and Duke of Silesia from 1138-1146. He married Agnieszka of Austria, a sister of Emperor Conrad III.

    BOLESŁAW IV KĘDZIERZAWY (1125-1173) Boleslaus IV the Curly, ruled as the Duke of Mazowia from 1146-1173.

  10. Legnica - Find link › find_link › Legnica

    zamieszkania, Legnica 2003: Daleko stąd zostawiłem swoje dawne i niedawne ciało, Kraków 2003: Przyczynek do nauki o nieistnieniu, Legnica 2005: Dzieje Tadeusz Rybak (74 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article