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  1. Legnica - Wikipedia › wiki › Legnica

    Legnica was most likely the seat of Bolesław and it became the residence of the High Dukes that ruled the Duchy of Legnica from 1248 until 1675. [ citation needed ] Legnica is a city over which the Piast dynasty reigned the longest, for about 700 years, from the time of ruler Mieszko I of Poland after the creation of the Polish state in the ...

    • +48 76
    • 113 m (371 ft)
    • city county
    • Poland
  2. Piast dynasty - Wikipedia › wiki › Piasts

    The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. The first documented Polish monarch was Duke Mieszko I (c. 930–992). [4] The Piasts' royal rule in Poland ended in 1370 with the death of king Casimir III the Great .

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  4. List of Polish people - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_famous_Poles

    Władysław II Jagiełło, Lithuanian, king of Poland, victor at the Battle of Grunwald (1410) Władysław III of Varna (Ulászló I), king of Poland and Hungary, killed at the Battle of Varna (1444) Casimir IV Jagiellon, king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, victor in the Thirteen Years' War (1454–1466) John I Albert, king of Poland.

  5. Category:Comedians from Poland - Wikimedia Commons › wiki › Category:Comedians

    Conferencier of IV Meeting Of Fans of the TV Series "M jak miłość" in Gdynia 2010 - 01.jpg 1,944 × 2,592; 1.39 MB Conferencier of IV Meeting Of Fans of the TV Series "M jak miłość" in Gdynia 2010 - 2.jpg 1,037 × 1,381; 607 KB

  6. Kresy - Wikipedia › wiki › Eastern_Borderlands

    The Polish word kresy ("borderlands") is the plural form of the word kres meaning 'edge'. According to Zbigniew Gołąb, it is "a medieval borrowing from the German word Kreis", which in the Middle Ages meant Kreislinie, Umkreis, Landeskreis ("borderline, delineation or circumscribed territory").

  7. Mongol Invasion of Europe (Knightfall) | Alternative History ... › wiki › Mongol_Invasion_of
    • Combatants
    • Invasions and Conquest of Rus' Lands
    • Invasion of Poland
    • Mongol Invasion of Hungary
    • Invasion of Austria
    • Mongols Invade Germany
    • First Phase of The Mongol Invasion of Italy
    • War For The Thungrarian Kingdom
    • The Invasion of Swabia
    • Continued Invasion of Italy

    Initially during the Mongol invasion of Europe, combatants were largely limited to states under direct attack from the Mongols, and early campaigns on the part of the Europeans was often uncoordinated and sporadic. During the invasion of the Rus' states the Mongols encountered united armies from across the region, including contingents from Vladimir, Kiev, and other important Rus' cities. During this early campaign the Mongols also encountered armies of Cumans, Alans, and other nations, especially during their campaigns in the south and in the Caucasus region. During the Mongol invasion of Poland, resistance against the Mongols was organized into a number of states collectively united as the Kingdom of Poland, and later was joined or supported by the Moravian Margraviate and Silesia, under Henry II the Pious, then Kingdom of Bohemia, under Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, and a number of holy orders and German volunteers, including contingents from the Knights Templar, he Knights Hospitalle...

    See OTL Mongol Invasion of Rus The Mongol strategy essentially consisted of a long series of feigned attacks and fake withdraws, which were intended to draw out the defending force into a more vulnerable position. When dispersed the defending force could be easily run down by Mongol cavalry, or targeted by archers, and as such the Mongols sought to disrupt enemy formations as much as possible, to draw large numbers from the main body of the enemy army. The Mongols' superior training and communication, which relied on a system of flags, made these tactics possible, as it allowed Mongol generals to arrange perfectly orchestrated attacks, and ensured that they had a reliable body of soldiers capable of heeding their commands. In contrast the European knights on the battlefield had virtually no form of communication with supporting forces, and were largely unable to coordinate attacks between groups. The Russian states first encountered the Mongol horde in 1223, during a period of furth...

    See OTL Mongol Invasion of Poland In late 1240 the Mongol force in Europe was divided into three main armies. The first army was placed under the joint command of Baidar, Kadan, and Orda Khan, who begin scouting operations in Poland, while the other two armies marched across the Carpathian mountains and followed the Danube River, respectively. Moving from the recently conquered city of Volodymyr-Volynskyi in the Rus', the first army attacked the Polish city of Lublin, followed by Sandomierz, which fell on 13 February. Central Poland was heavily ravaged by this invading force, which moved under the command of Orda to Wolbórz next, and as far north as Łęczyca, before turning south and heading via Sieradz towards Wrocław. Baidar and Kadan targeted the southern cities of Poland, sacking Chmielnik, Kraków, Bytom, Opole, and Legnica, before exiting moving westward. The Mongol force gathered at the battle included no more than two tumens from the army of Subutai, who had demonstrated the a...

    See OTL Mongol Invasion of Hungary Following the defeat of Hungary and its allies at the Battle of Mohi in April 1241, the army of Hungary was largely destroyed, and the nation was seemingly open for pillaging by the invading Mongol forces. Throughout the rest of the year the remaining Hungarian army kept up a mostly successful defense along the Danube river, but that winter the unusually cold temperatures allowed the river to freeze over, allowing the Mongols to cross after a number of minor skirmishes with the defenders. With their defense crumbling, the Hungarian royal family fled to Austria, where they appealed to their ally Duke Frederick II for assistance. Instead Frederick had the Hungarian royals arrested, and extorted them for an enormous ransom in gold, as well as forcing the King of Hungary to cede three western counties to Austria. King Béla and some of his retinue fled to the south-west from Frederick's possession, passing through Hungarian-controlled territory to the A...

    Point of Divergence: With the majority of Hungary now pacified by the Mongols, a large force under the command of Batu Khan continued their invasion westward, while a second force entered northern Albania. Immediately Frederick II of Austria gathered his forces in Vienna, preparing to defend against the invaders while help could arrive from elsewhere in the Holy Roman Empire. Frederick, however, was pressed for allies, as at the time he had a longstanding feud with the Holy Roman Empreor Emperor Frederick II and the Hohenstaufen. Frederick II of Austria's harsh rule and frequent wars with his neighbors, especially Hungary, Bavaria, and Bohemia, caused unrest among his citizens, and eventually even the Austrian Kuenringer noble family, which had remained faithful to the Babenbergs, began an insurgency against Frederick's rule upon ascension. During the rebellion led by the emperor's son Henry (VII) against Frederick II of Germany, Frederick von Babenbergappeared to side with the cons...

    Striking Through Bohemia

    The Mongols left Vienna and Upper Austria in devastation, prepared to continue their conquests to neighboring regions. With the Bohemians now preparing their forces for an invasion into Austria to secure the duchy for the Přemyslid dynasty, an army under the command of Baidar split off from the main group to retaliate against the Bohemians to the north. The Mongols came to the Thaya River, where forces under the command of Vladislaus awaited them on the opposing bank. Armed with a large army...

    Domestic Strife in Poland

    At the same time as the Mongol advance into Bohemia, a second army under the command of Orda Khan had marched to the northeast, to continue ravaging the states of Poland. In the spring of 1241 the High Duke of Poland Henry II had been killed at the Battle of Legnica while in combat against the Mongols, and was succeeded by his son Bolesław. At the time of his ascension, Poland was divided into five duchies. However, only Bolesław and his younger brother Mieszko were considered to be adults, c...

    The Destruction of Prauge

    The invading Mongols quickly marched from Silesia north, laying siege to the city of Poznań. Despite the best efforts of the city's defenders, led by the Governor of Kraków, Clement of Ruszczy, the city eventually fell to the attackers, and much of the Polish nobility were killed, including Bolesław V. Rather than directly continue the conquest of Poland, Orda Khan's forces marched back into Silesia, and into Bohemia, where Mongol forces were already locked in a campaign in the south. This se...

    The Mongols were unable to take the city initially, and the Germans were successful, although with heavy casualties. Eberhard II of Regensburg, Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg, raised his forces in support of the Emperor, his ally during the war with the Pope, and sent this small force to bluster Carinthia. Similarly, Albert IV, Count of Tyrol, although not previously aligned in any major way, elected to support the German army, since the Mongols now pressed an immediate threat on his border. Despite the initial success of this campaign, the allied army was caught off guard when the Mongols launched an army against Salzburg. Ulrich III, in command of a portion of the German forces in the region, was more interested in securing the Carinthian capital before the Emperor did, and later Carniola, and thus was unwilling or unable to aid Salzburg in the north. Salzburg's army hastily retreated north, as did a Tyrolean army, but by the time of their arrival Salzburg was under siege and falte...

    After the battle at the city of Regensburg, the Mongol army again split their forces, creating one army to march north and combat northern states now pressing against Bohemia. Otto III, Margrave of Brandenburg, who had previously sent forces to the aid of the Bohemians and the Bavarians, now had a large army assembled, and marched south to meet up with other German forces. The German defense in the north was largely weakened by the unsuccessful march and subsequent untimely death of Heinrich Raspe of Thuringia, whose lack of heirs left Thuringia in a state of crisis. The Ludowingian line of Thuringian landgraves became extinct in the male line through Heinrich Raspe, with his property including not only large parts of Thuringia, but also the Countship of Hesse, which had come into Ludowingian possession through the female line. Before his acquisition of the title of Landgrave, in 1112 Count Louis I of Thuringia married Hedwig of Gudensberg, the female heir of the Hessian comital fam...

    Rather then continue to campaign against the Saxons and their north German allies, the Mongols withdrew fromDessau and returned south to Bavaria, raiding several towns as they marched. The Germans perceived this retreat as a German victory over the Mongols, and Albert I proceeded to liberate Dessau, while Henry III returned to Meissen. The returning forces to Bavaria met up with those near Regensburg and marched west across Bavaria, as they had arranged. The cities of Munich, Freising, and others, were ravaged, with Otto II of Bavaria and his allies fleeing west. Frederick II had arrived in Swabia from Italy, having passed over the Alps, and now positioned his army near Augsburg. The Mongols now faced a combined army of German and Italian states under the command of the Emperor, with an army from France under Louis IX now on his way through Germany. Without a numerical and tactical advantage, the Mongols attempted to withdraw from the city and have the Germans chase them, but Freder...

    During this time the Mongols in the Italian Peninsula laid siege to the city of Mantua, where they were subsequently attacked by Enzo and an army of Italian states. The Italian states marched quickly toward the city to relieve the defenders within, but then were assaulted by Mongol cavalry waiting in reserve. When Enzo's main force arrived at Mantua, his army was already worn down by Mongol hit-and-run attacks, and at the Battle of Mantua were routed. Similarly, the cities of Vewrona and Legnago were ransacked, with the Mongols managing to raid cities across low terrain in the Italian northeast. Frederick II and Louis IX arrived near Brescia and gathered their forces along with contingents of Italian city states. The Mongols laid siege to Ferrara, and Frederick sought to relieve the city's garrison and end the Mongol advance in Italy. At the ensuing battle Frederick and Louis' army outnumbered the Mongols, and managed to surround the Mongols outside the city. An attempt by the Mongo...

  8. I liga - Wikipedia › wiki › I_liga_(Poland)

    I liga (Polish: Pierwsza liga, Polish pronunciation: [ˈpjɛrfʂa ˈliɡa]), currently named Fortuna I liga due to sponsorship reasons by Fortuna, is the men's second professional association football division of the Polish football league system, below the Ekstraklasa and above the II liga via promotion/relegation systems.

  9. Gazeta Obywatelska - Home | Facebook › Gazeta-Obywatelska

    Gazeta Obywatelska, Wrocław, Poland. 1,336 likes · 7 talking about this. Europa i razem z nią Polska 20 lat po odrzuceniu komunizmu wchodzi w kolejny dziejowy zakręt. Nawet więcej – w zakręt wchodzi...

  10. skprswidnica - YouTube › channel › UC3jv_FrAvDLOPVbDkgq2rQg

    ŚKPR -- tworzymy historię tego miasta (prezentacja video, tekst) Już tylko dni dzielą nas od inauguracji sezonu w I lidze piłki ręcznej. W sobotę 15 września o godzinie 20.00 w hali na ...

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