History of West Africa. Prehistory. Main article: Prehistoric West Africa § Early Stone Age. Acheulean tool-using archaic humans may have dwelled throughout West Africa since ... Iron Age. Latter migrations. Slave trade. Colonial period.
May 25, 2013 · West Africa’s history begins in about 12 000 BCE (Before our Common Era), according to archaeologists who have made studies of the Mejiro Cave. This is believed to be the time when our human ancestors first arrived in West Africa and, more specifically, the Sahara.
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Sep 07, 2018 · The History of West Africa at a Glance. History Mia Sogoba 7 September 2018. Of any region on the African continent, West Africa had the biggest concentration of ancient kingdoms and empires in its pre-colonial history. It’s no easy task to capture snapshots of West Africa at various points in its evolution. Images of even the most historically important realms — Mali, Songhai, Ghana, Ashanti, etc. —, with their ever-changing borders, will always be fuzzy at best.
- Beginning of Time Or 12,000 BC – 1800 Ad
- 1960 – Now
Most of the precolonial states were established and expanded through conquest or unification in response to invasions, but flourished mainly through controlling trade routes across the Sahara. The coastal and forest states, such as Benin and Dahomey, were involved in trade along the coast and through the sea routes especially when European traders arrived on West Africa’s shores. Some states, notably, Kanem-Bornu, augmented their trade revenue by collecting taxes from conquered states or from visitors and traders to the centres of the kingdoms. Where barter was inappropriate or impossible, cowries were the most prevalent currency of pre-colonial West Africa, as it was universally acceptable throughout West Africa, in some cases, even up till decolonisation. Askia (King) Mohammed I (1493-1528) of the new Songhai Empire notably divided his empire into regions dedicated to the produce of particular food crops. The Asante (Ashanti) Kingdom was notable for its riches in gold, though most...
The conquest of West Africa was preceded by a period of wars of resistance and conquest between the European armies and the West African states. The Europeans prevailed because they had superior military might and strategy. In some cases treaties were signed which ceded West African territory to European states without the need to resort to military ascendancy; in some cases both were required to ensure colonisation. Through such methods as indirect rule, assimilation and association, the European powers exercised control over their colonies. Colonialism de-emphasized the African identity of their subjects while not allowing them to become sufficiently European. It deconstructed or disregarded the traditional structures of pre-colonial government in favour of ‘civilised’ Eurocentric governance.
Dissatisfaction with colonial rule evolved into agitation for self-government. The educated class in West Africa sought, within the constitution, assurance that self-government would pass to them, and not the traditional rulers who administered indirect rule. At the end of colonialism, administration of all colonies was placed in the hands of Western-educated Africans. Not only does the issue of divergence of pre-colonial states and newly independent states based on colonial boundaries seem to influence state fragility in West Africa, the nature of the new ruling class appears to be equally contributory. Both the natures of the ruling class and the new states suggest that the new states were successor states to the colonial protectorates and not the original states. The colonial creations were much bigger and more complex than any of the defunct kingdoms had been. Not only was the state itself a colonial inheritance, but the system of governance and architecture of authority was col...
Ghana. 17th century–present. View all content. The Asante kingdom, part of the larger Akan culture, was formed around 1700 under the leadership of Osei Tutu, and many of the art traditions continue today. Golden Stool (Sika dwa kofi), Asante peoples. Linguist Staff (Okyeamepoma) (Asante peoples) Kente cloth. Akua’ba Female Figure (Akan peoples)
Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West African History by Nehemia Levtzion and JFP Hopkins (eds.) Sifting through six centuries of Arabic writings, Levtzion and Hopkins created an invaluable resource: these 314 pages of carefully translated writings are the main source for West African history between the ninth and fifteen centuries.
West Africa before the Colonial Era: A History to 1850 $65.50 In Stock. This text is designed for students preparing for O Level history, offering an examination of some of the major trends and events in West African history from AD 1000-1800.
- Basil Davidson, F. K. Buah, Jacob Festus Ade Ajayi
Jul 06, 2021 · One of the first cultures to develop during the early Iron Age in West Africa was the Nok Culture in modern day Nigeria. The culture appears to have begun around 1000 BCE and lasted until 300 CE....
HISTORY OF WEST AFRICA HISTORY 443 Tues/Thuis. 8:00-9:15 2101 Humanities Fall - 1993 Office hours: Thurs. 9:30-11:30 and by appointment 4 CREDITS or 3 CREDITS? Professor K. Green Office: 5118 Humanities Phone: 263-1821 263-1800 If you take the course for 4 credits you will write a 10-15 page