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  1. Jun 26, 2009 · Sartre drew some particularly interesting conclusions from the definition of the functions of art on the basis of an existentialist metaphysics. These conclusions relate to what, in contemporary discussions, is called the ‘ontology’ of the artwork: the type of reality of the artwork’s different elements and their internal relations.

  2. Existentialism is, then, a philosophical and literary movement attempting to confront the nihilist implications of Modernism or "The Modern Condition", and by confronting it, rise above it. 2) The Basic Premises and Principles of Existential Philosophy: A) The Absurd

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    What do you need to know about existentialist aesthetics?

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    Why is change important in the philosophy of existentialism?

    • Etymology
    • History
    • Influence Outside Philosophy
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    Existentialism first appeared in English in 1941 from Ger. Existentialismus (1919), ultimately from Danish writer Søren Kierkegaard (1813-55), who wrote (1846) of Existents-Forhold("condition of existence").

    Early 20th century

    In the first decades of the 20th century, a number of philosophers and writers explored existentialist ideas. The Spanish philosopher Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo, in his 1913 book The Tragic Sense of Life in Men and Nations, emphasized the life of "flesh and bone" as opposed to that of abstract rationalism. Unamuno rejected systematic philosophy in favor of the individual's quest for faith. He retained a sense of the tragic, even absurd nature of the quest, symbolized by his enduring interest in...

    After the Second World War

    1. Jean-Paul Sartre Following the Second World War, existentialism became a well-known and significant philosophical and cultural movement, mainly through the public prominence of two French writers, Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus, who wrote best-selling novels, plays and widely read journalism as well as theoretical texts. These years also saw the growing reputation of Heidegger's book Being and Timeoutside of Germany. Sartre dealt with existentialist themes in his 1938 novel Nausea and t...

    Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy

    1. Existential therapy A major offshoot of existentialism as a philosophy is existentialist psychology and psychoanalysis, which first crystallized in the work of Otto Rank, Freud's closest associate for 20 years. Without awareness of the writings of Rank, Ludwig Binswanger was influenced by Freud, Edmund Husserl, Heidegger, and Sartre. A later figure was Viktor Frankl, who briefly met Freud and studied with Jung as a young man. His logotherapy can be regarded as a form of existentialist ther...

    existential therapy
    Abandonment (existentialism)
    Absurdism
    Disenchantment
    Existentiell
    Existential despair
  4. 1 aesthetic principles of existentialism Existentialism is a European philosophy that began in the mid-19th and 20th centuries and became popular following the horrific years of WWII, when many began to doubt the traditional idea of a moral deity based on the terrifying atrocities committed during the war.

  5. Jan 13, 2016 · As Sartre says, “existence precedes essence”. Existentialism is sort of a generalization of all of this. Not only each individual, but humankind in general, creates its own nature. God didn’t determine the essence of humanity --- Sartre was an atheist. And biology doesn’t fix the nature of humanity in many important ways.

  6. Existentialism has its roots in the writings of several nineteenth and twentieth century philosophers, among them Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger, and Søren Kierkegaard. The philosophy is by most standards a very loose conglomeration of perspectives, aesthetics, and approaches to dealing with the world and its inherent difficulties.

  7. A forum devoted to existentialism and art that does not mention hermeneutics is, again, opening the door for aimless, uniformed sniping. Simply put, to argue than anyone’s use of culture, in this case music, to make meaning of herself is wrong demonstrates a fundamental MISUNDERSTANDING of the very tradition of existentialism that he pretends ...

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