Children are particularly prone to rashes that develop as a result of illnesses, such as:
- Chickenpox is a virus characterized by red, itchy blisters that form all over the body.
- Measles is a viral respiratory infection that causes a widespread rash consisting of itchy, red bumps.
- Scarlet fever is an infection due to group A Streptococcus bacteria that produces a toxin causing a bright red sandpaper-like rash.
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Also called, meningococcal sepsis, meningococcemia is a life-threatening bacterial invasion of the blood by bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis. This disease is seen primarily in the winter and spring in children younger than 2 years of age, but epidemics can occur in any season. Meningococcemia is spread from the nose and mouth of other people. Good hygiene and hand washing can help decrease the risk of transmission. Children exposed to people with this disease need to be evaluated by their doctor and possibly be put on antibiotics to protect them from getting the disease. (Other bacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus can cause similar syndromes.) Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a disease spread by tick bites. The disease occurs because the tick harbors the bacteria that cause the disease in its salivary glands. When the tick attaches to the skin, it feeds on the victim's blood and enables the transmission of the bacteria into the patient's blood. Often the child and parent may not remember any tick bite. RMSF is more common in the southeastern U.S. than in the Rocky Mountains. It tends to occur in the warmer months of April through September when ticks are more active and outdoor exposures are more likely to occur. Rocky Mountain spotted fever can be fatal even in young healthy adults, but with early diagnosis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics, the mortality rate is low. Kawasaki disease (also called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome or MCLNS) has no proven cause, although it is suspected to be caused by a bacteria or virus. Kawasaki disease usually affects children between 4 and 9 years of age. It can have serious effects on a child's heart if not diagnosed and treated correctly. With treatment, only 2% of children die from this disease. Call a doctor or go to a hospital's emergency department immediately if one suspects a child may have Kawasaki disease.
Scarlet fever is simply a strep throat or other strep infection with a characteristic rash. The infection is caused by the bacteria group A Streptococcus pyogenes. Strep throat is most commonly seen in school-aged children in the winter and early spring, but it can occur in individuals of any age and in any season. It is very contagious, and the risk of transmission can be decreased with good hand washing. Strep infection may also occur around the anus or in the vaginal region.
The rash is not serious or contagious, but significant complications can occur from the underlying strep infection. The most worrisome of these is rheumatic fever, a serious disease that can damage the heart valves and cause long-term heart disease.
Aug 13, 2018 · Causes of rashes in children Children are particularly prone to rashes that develop as a result of illnesses, such as: Chickenpox is a virus characterized by red, itchy blisters that form all over ...
Skin rashes in children. Find possible causes of skin rashes based on specific factors. Check one or more factors on this page that apply to your symptom.
Jan 07, 2019 · But while researchers haven’t yet found an exact cause or a cure for this common children’s skin rash, that doesn’t mean your child is doomed to scratch forever if she has eczema — about 40 percent of kids outgrow attacks by adulthood. In the meantime, a three-pronged approach to prevention and treatment can also save your child’s skin:
Sep 17, 2014 · Sometimes children break out in unexplained rashes that appear to have been caused by an allergy to something. Allergic rashes certainly vary from person to person, but the classic allergic rash (called urticaria) usually is: Very itchy Pink Puffy (often called hives) Migratory (that is, it see
- Suzanne Berman, MD
May 01, 2018 · With so many different types of rashes, it’s tricky to know which is which and how to treat them. That’s why we’ve outlined the most common rashes for easy reference. FILED UNDER: Diaper rash Kids health Toddler health
- What's That? Wondering about that rash, welt, or bump on your child's skin? Sickness, allergies, and heat or cold are often behind kids' skin changes. Most aren't a big deal and are easy to treat.
- Ringworm. Worms don't cause ringworm. And ringworm doesn't need to be itchy. It's caused by a fungus that lives off dead skin, hair, and nail tissue. It starts as a red, scaly patch or bump.
- Fifth Disease. This contagious and usually mild illness passes in a couple of weeks. Fifth disease starts with flu-like symptoms. A bright face ( classically described as a 'slapped cheek' appearance) and body rash follow.
- Chickenpox. This once-common rash isn't seen as much in today's kids thanks to the chickenpox vaccine. It’s very contagious, spreads easily, and leaves an itchy rash and red spots or blisters all over the body.
- Eczema. Roughly 20% of infants and children have eczema, but it only affects 1 in 50 adults. Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, causes an inflamed, irritated, and itchy rash.
- Skin allergy. A range of everyday products and plants from rubber gloves to poison ivy contain different allergies that can cause an itchy rash in people who are sensitive to them.
- Psoriasis. Many doctors and skin specialists consider psoriasis to be an autoimmune inflammatory disorder that disrupts the normal cycle of skin cells.
- Hives. Hives, or urticaria, are a kind of itchy rash triggered by the body’s release of histamine in response to: eating certain foods, including shellfish, peanuts, and tree nuts.
Unexplained Rash. Whenever an unexplained rash appears on the skin there is always concern. Is the rash just a minor ailment or is the rash an indication of a more serious underlying health problem? Is the skin rash viral, bacterial, fungal, or allergy based? If there is concern then advice from a medical doctor should be obtained.
Jul 18, 2020 · They found these three rash types were associated with COVID-19: 1. Hive-type rash (urticaria): Sudden appearance of raised bumps on the skin which come and go quite quickly over hours and are ...