Also called, meningococcal sepsis, meningococcemia is a life-threatening bacterial invasion of the blood by bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis. This disease is seen primarily in the winter and spring in children younger than 2 years of age, but epidemics can occur in any season. Meningococcemia is spread from the nose and mouth of other people. Good hygiene and hand washing can help decrease the risk of transmission. Children exposed to people with this disease need to be evaluated by their doctor and possibly be put on antibiotics to protect them from getting the disease. (Other bacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus can cause similar syndromes.) Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a disease spread by tick bites. The disease occurs because the tick harbors the bacteria that cause the disease in its salivary glands. When the tick attaches to the skin, it feeds on the victim's blood and enables the transmission of the bacteria into the patient's blood. Often the child and parent may not remember any tick bite. RMSF is more common in the southeastern U.S. than in the Rocky Mountains. It tends to occur in the warmer months of April through September when ticks are more active and outdoor exposures are more likely to occur. Rocky Mountain spotted fever can be fatal even in young healthy adults, but with early diagnosis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics, the mortality rate is low. Kawasaki disease (also called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome or MCLNS) has no proven cause, although it is suspected to be caused by a bacteria or virus. Kawasaki disease usually affects children between 4 and 9 years of age. It can have serious effects on a child's heart if not diagnosed and treated correctly. With treatment, only 2% of children die from this disease. Call a doctor or go to a hospital's emergency department immediately if one suspects a child may have Kawasaki disease.
Scarlet fever is simply a strep throat or other strep infection with a characteristic rash. The infection is caused by the bacteria group A Streptococcus pyogenes. Strep throat is most commonly seen in school-aged children in the winter and early spring, but it can occur in individuals of any age and in any season. It is very contagious, and the risk of transmission can be decreased with good hand washing. Strep infection may also occur around the anus or in the vaginal region.
The rash is not serious or contagious, but significant complications can occur from the underlying strep infection. The most worrisome of these is rheumatic fever, a serious disease that can damage the heart valves and cause long-term heart disease.
Jan 07, 2019 · Where: The rash usually first appears on the face in a “slapped cheek” pattern before spreading to the trunk, arms and legs. Cause: Parvovirus B19, which is passed along in much the same way as viruses that cause the common cold. Though the rash lingers about 10 days, fifth disease is no longer contagious after this symptom emerges.
Choose a symptom; Selected Select related factors; View possible causes; Skin rashes in children. Find possible causes of skin rashes based on specific factors. Check one or more factors on this page that apply to your symptom.
- Flea bites. usually located in clusters on the lower legs and feet. itchy, red bump surrounded by a red halo. symptoms begin immediately after being bitten.
- Fifth disease. headache, fatigue, low fever, sore throat, runny nose, diarrhea, and nausea. children are more likely than adults to experience a rash.
- Rosacea. chronic skin disease that goes through cycles of fading and relapse. relapses may be triggered by spicy foods, alcoholic beverages, sunlight, stress, and the intestinal bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
- Impetigo. common in babies and children. often located in the area around the mouth, chin, and nose. irritating rash and fluid-filled blisters that pop easily and form a honey-colored crust.
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Mar 27, 2019 · Viral rashes in young children are common. A viral rash, also called a viral exanthem, is a rash that’s caused by an infection with a virus.
- Donna Christiano
The enteroviruses, including the coxsackieviruses, are a very common cause of fever and rash in children. Two typical diseases caused by coxsackieviruses are hand-foot-and-mouth disease and ...
Oct 10, 2020 · Some causes of an unexplained rash are an allergic reaction, abrasive clothing, and chronic fatigue syndrome.An allergic reaction is an especially common cause of unexplained rashes, but the patient often never finds out what he or she came into contact with that triggered the reaction.
May 01, 2018 · With so many different types of rashes, it’s tricky to know which is which and how to treat them. That’s why we’ve outlined the most common rashes for easy reference. FILED UNDER: Diaper rash Kids health Toddler health
- What's That? Wondering about that rash, welt, or bump on your child's skin? Sickness, allergies, and heat or cold are often behind kids' skin changes. Most aren't a big deal and are easy to treat.
- Ringworm. Worms don't cause ringworm. And ringworm doesn't need to be itchy. It's caused by a fungus that lives off dead skin, hair, and nail tissue. It starts as a red, scaly patch or bump.
- Fifth Disease. This contagious and usually mild illness passes in a couple of weeks. Fifth disease starts with flu-like symptoms. A bright face ( classically described as a 'slapped cheek' appearance) and body rash follow.
- Chickenpox. This once-common rash isn't seen as much in today's kids thanks to the chickenpox vaccine. It’s very contagious, spreads easily, and leaves an itchy rash and red spots or blisters all over the body.
- Drug Rash. Medications can cause drug rash due to allergic reactions, side effects or skin's sensitivity to sunlight after taking certain medicals. Common drugs that can cause rashes on arms and legs include anti-seizure medications, antibiotics, or diuretics.
- Bug Bites. Usually, people are bitten by ticks or fleas. If you have rashes after bug bites, you should be concerned about the possibility of transmitting diseases.
- Causes of Rash on Children. Rash on arms and legs of children can be seen due to various factors like: Chicken pox caused by a virus leading to very itchy blisters.
- Allergic Reactions. Allergic reaction of medicines, topical lotions, detergents and foods can cause rash on arms and legs. The rash can range from mild and minor symptoms to life-threatening cases that an anaphylactic shock is presented, which can be started with swelling and constriction of the nasal passage, making breathing difficult and thus is life threatening.