- What Is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?
- Where Is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Prevalent?
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is the most serious tick-borne disease in the United States and is caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, a type of bacteria known as rickettsia. These bacteria are transmitted to humans by the bite of certain hard ticks. The two most important species of ticks that can transmit R. rickettsii in the United States are Dermacentor variabilis (the American dog tick) and Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mountain wood tick). A third species, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brow...
Although first recognized in the late 19th century in the Rocky Mountain region, by 1930s this disease was found to be present in the eastern portion of the country as well. The wood tick (Dermacentor andersoni), one of the main tick vectors is found in the Rocky Mountain states and southwestern Canada. The second major vector is the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis). This tick is distributed east of the Rocky Mountains and in some regions along the Pacific Coast. The cayenne tick (A...
Symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever usually appear 2 to 14 days (average of 7 days) after being bitten by the infected tick. Fever is often the first symptom experienced by patients. The classic triad of fever, rash and tick bite is present among many but not all cases at the initial visit to the physician. Nausea, vomiting, severe headache, muscle pain and lack of appetite are also sometimes reported by patients in the early stage of disease. Other clinical symptoms include abnormal pla...
Clinical diagnosis of RMSF is based on serological tests including detection of antibody titers via IFA, detection of the bacterial agent via culture or immunohistochemical staining of biopsies, and by detection of bacterial DNA in a clinical specimen via PCR. However, treatment decisions should not be delayed while waiting for confirmation with laboratory results. Patients with a relevant history and symptomology should be treated with the appropriate antibiotic regimen immediately. Since th...
Upon suspicion of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, treatment should begin immediately. Delay of treatment has been associated with fatal outcomes. Treatment with tetracycline or chloramphenicol antibiotics can be used to treat RMSF. Doxycycline (a tetrycycline) antibiotic is the treatment of choice for both adults and children. However doxycycline is not recommended for use by pregnant women. Current recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) include doxycycline th...
4 days ago · Epidemic typhus is a form of typhus so named because the disease often causes epidemics following wars and natural disasters. Typhus is rare in industrialized countries, and occurs primarily in the colder, mountainous regions of central and east Africa, as well as Central and South America.
- camp fever, jail fever, hospital fever, ship fever, famine fever, putrid fever, petechial fever, epidemic louse-borne typhus, louse-borne typhus
6 days ago · Babesiosis is caused by a protozoa that infects red blood cells (erythrocytes). Although several different species of Babesia infect humans, B. microtiis the most common cause of infection in the United States. B. microti is transmitted by I. scapularisticks, the same ticks that transmit Lyme disease.
6 days ago · Rocky Mountain spotted fever might produce petechiae on the wrists and ankles of children, but some youngsters never actually show outward signs. The disease is most commonly carried by ticks; when ticks bite people, they transfer bacteria from their saliva into the blood.
- Lichen Planus. Lichen planus is a condition of the skin that is characterized by presence of small, reddish, shiny bumps. Sometimes, white streaks are present in between them.
- Eczema. Eczema, also referred to as contact dermatitis is a commonly occurring skin condition and another cause of wrist rash. Eczema is initially seen as flaky, dry, elevated patches of skin.
- Scabies. Scabies is a common condition of the skin that is caused by itch mites, which affect humans. The itch mite burrows into the skin and lives there and lay eggs.
- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. RMSF or Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a contagious illness caused by bacteria Rickettsia rickettsii. A tick bite transmits the bacteria.
3 days ago · Symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever include headache, fever, chills, aches, pains, and sometimes nausea. These symptoms are usually accompanied by a rash that starts on the wrists and ankles. Early treatment of Rocky Mountain spotted fever with antibiotics can prevent severe illness, a person exhibiting any of these symptoms 2 to 14 days ...
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Nov 18, 2020 · Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox, and tick fevers caused by Rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
6 days ago · Rachel Halverson-Burgess, age 50, is a Hartsel resident who shares her experience with symptom discovery, testing, quarantine, contact tracing, getting supplies and recovery from a bout with COVID-19.
- Signs and symptoms
Common colds are the most seen diseases caused by viruses. Characterized by a runny nose, cough and sore throat, although harmless the common cold virus is caused by more than 200 viruses. This is an airborne infection and is transmitted through the nose and mouth.
This virus can be spread to another person in 48 hours. It affects millions of children across the world annually. Its symptoms include red rashes with blisters accompanied by fever, headaches, cough and loss of appetite. The virus affects the chest, face, scalp and back areas. The influenza virus affects large populations annually. Characterized by fever, headaches, muscle aches and sore throat, it is spread through the air when infected people cough or sneeze. It also leads to vomiting, nausea and diarrhea.
This is a deadly virus that can cause internal and external bleeding. It affects the vital internal organs of a human body especially the liver, kidneys and lungs. Although it starts with muscle aches and fever, it later affects the vascular system of the body. Once it gets in, it can make the blood vessels porous causing the patients to bleed from under the skin, in the eyes and mouth, both internally and externally. This enterovirus affects the protective cover around the spinal cord, brain and cerebrospinal fluid, i.e. the meninges. It affects the fluid surrounding the brain exposing it to the deadly meningitis caused by virus. It is a contagious disease, whose symptoms include high fever, neck stiffness, nausea, vomiting, and drowsiness.
This inflammation of the liver is caused by 5 viruses namely, hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. It also results from other types of viral infections like the herpes simplex, yellow fever, Epstein-Barr and cytomegalovirus. Each of these has its own symptoms ranging from jaundice, low immunity and cirrhosis. It can be contracted through sexual contact and through blood. There are a variety of treatments available including antiviral vaccines.
Characterized by cough, running nose, fever, inflamed eyes, and reddish skin rash, measles is caused a virus. Also referred to as rubeola, this disease is quite fatal in small children below 5 years. It is a children's infection that can be prevented by a vaccine. Also known as the stomach flu, its signs include watery diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal crumbs, and fever. This is an intestinal infection spread through bodily contact and infected food or water. Like all other viral infections, it has no sure treatment hence preventive measures should be observed. Children, the aged, and lower immune persons are more susceptible to infection. Proper hand washing routine and food preparation hygiene are effective ways to prevent this disease.
The pneumonia virus affects the lungs causing them to swell and become irritated. Its symptoms feature coughs, shortness of breath, fever, and shaking chills. It also leads to loss of appetite, fatigue, low energy and a sharp stabbing chest pain. This inflammation is common in infants, HIV patients, cancer patients on chemotherapy treatment, organ transplant recipients and the aged who are vulnerable to infections. It is diagnosed by an X-ray, CT-scan and lung biopsy among other tests. It can be treated by antivirus medication, anti-inflammatory drugs and intake of fluids.