The Chalcedonian Churches in the East are known collectively as the Eastern Orthodox Church. (The Roman Catholic Church in the West is also a Chalcedonian Church, since it accepts that Council's definition, which was largely based on a document of Pope Leo I.) Those that reject the Council form what is known as Oriental Orthodoxy.
Orthodox Church – The various Orthodox churches are autocephalous, which means, they are independent of each other and their head bishops don’t report to any higher bishop. The Orthodox Church believes that the head of the universal Church is Jesus Christ, and the Patriarch or Catholicos of each church presides over its Episcopal Synod.
- What Is The Orthodox Church?
- Structure of The Orthodox Church
- Greek Orthodox Or Eastern Orthodox?
- Internal Hierarchy of The Church
- Still Seems A Little Confusing to Me…
The word Orthodox is a combination of two Greek words, orthos and doxa. Orthos means “straight” or “correct.” Doxa means “glory,” “worship,” and “doctrine.” So, the word orthodox signifies both “proper worship” and “correct doctrine.” The Orthodox Church has an organic and continuous 2,000-year historyspanning from the time of Jesus’ apostles to the present. What we now call the Orthodox Church was simply the Christian churches of the eastern Roman Empire where the Christian faith originated – Jerusalem, Antioch, Ephesus, Thessalonica, etc. In other words, the Orthodox Church is the original Church that wrote, compiled and canonized the Holy Scriptures. It is the Church that formulated the traditional doctrines of Christianity. And it remains largely unchanged to this day. Read More >> 8 Things to Expect in an Orthodox Church
Most Orthodox churches today fall into one of two main categories: Eastern Orthodoxy and Oriental Orthodoxy. In addition to these main groups, other churches exist that have no affiliation, mostly in the West. In this article, we focus primarily on the Eastern Orthodox Church, as its churches are the ones Americans will mostly likely come in contact with. Within these two main groups of Orthodox churches are various autocephalous regional churches. The Eastern Orthodox Church consists of 14 autocephalous churches (plus the Orthodox Church in America*) that exist in full communionwith one another. This means as far as doctrine, Holy Tradition, and interpretation of Scripture, these churches all believe the same things. The only differences you might find would be cultural (language, architecture, local customs) or administrative (different priests, bishops, etc.). All Eastern Orthodox churches follow the same basic hierarchical structure, but the people in those positions would diffe...
Historically, the term “Greek Orthodox” has been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox Churches in general. In these cases, “Greek” referred to the heritage of the Byzantine Empire. Theologians utilized the Greek language in early writings, and Greek was spoken widely throughout the Empire. Over the next several centuries, most parts of the liturgy, traditions, and practices of the church of Constantinople (Greek in their nature) were adopted by all, and still provide the basic patterns of modern Orthodox Christianity. Thus, the Eastern Church came to be called “Greek” Orthodox. This is similar to the way the Western Church is called “Roman” Catholic. Beginning in the 10th century, Orthodox Christians around the globe began abandoning the “Greek” identifier, replacing it with their own ethnicities (Serbian, Antiochian, etc.) Today, only churches explicitly tied to Greek or Byzantine culture call themselves Greek Orthodox.
As we mentioned earlier, within the Orthodox Church there are various autocephalous churches. Each autocephalous church institutes a hierarchy of clergy, which is illustrated in the graphic below. Underneath the chart are brief descriptions of each position. You may notice the position of Ecumenical Patriarch at the top-most position under the Bishop category. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople holds the position of Primus Inter Pares, or the First Among Equals. It may sound like the Ecumenical Patriarch is the head of everything. However, his title is merely honorary; in other words, it does not grant any authority over any of the other Patriarchs.
Think of it this way: the Orthodox Church is structured as One Church. However, that Church has several “jurisdictions,” which were established by the immigrant communities who came to America a couple centuries ago. The doctrine and worship of each jurisdiction and parish is the same. But in some, languages other than English might still be used in services. Simple, right? Russian, Greek, Serbian, Antiochian – it is all the same Orthodox Church. To illustrate this, our parish here at Saint John’s is part of the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, which traces its roots to first century Antioch, the city in which the disciples of Jesus Christ were first called Christians. In contrast, just down the river in Ambridge, there is another Orthodox Church that exists under the Greek Archdiocese. We believe the same as they do and hold the same Divine Liturgy they do, but our architecture and language are a bit different.
The Orthodox Church is a lot simpler than people believe when first encountering her. She is an incredibly beautiful, diverse family of followers of Jesus Christ, who all worship according to local customs and tradition, and collectively follow the doctrine set forth by the Fathers in the days of the ancient Church. We are not all Greek. We are not all Serbs. The Orthodox Church embodies every ethnicity, every language, every race. And we are all the children of God.
orthodox church is divided into oriental orthodox church and byzantine orthodox church. the oriental and byzantine orthodox church is again divided on regional basis. each division has a patiach or catholicos as its head. the oriental orthodox church includes the malankara orthodox,antiochene orthodox etc..
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Jan 21, 2019 · The 23 Eastern Catholic Churches are fully Catholic and recognize the Pope in Rome as the Vicar of Christ, just as you and I do as Latin Catholics. When it comes to the Orthodox Churches, we as Catholics (of any rite) are not encouraged to receive Holy Communion at the Orthodox Churches because we are not in full union with them.
The best estimate of the number of Eastern Orthodox Christians is 220 million or 80% of all Orthodox Christians worldwide. Its main body consists of the various autocephalous churches along with the autonomous and other churches canonically linked to them, for the most part form a single communion, making the Eastern Orthodox Church the second largest single denomination behind the Catholic ...
These Catholic Churches are not the estranged Eastern Orthodox churches but rather, these are the ones in union with Rome. They were founded by the apostles and are autonomous Churches entitled to their own rightful existence . Any Catholic (including you and I) may attend these churches freely and receive the sacraments in any of them.
Roman Catholic: the Pope is the infallible leader of the church and he has the power to govern other Catholic churches. Eastern Orthodox: the highest bishop, also called as ‘first among equals’ is the leader of the church, however, he is not infallible and he does not govern other Orthodox churches.
The services are held in Latin in Roman Catholic churches, while in Greek Orthodox churches, the services are held in native languages. The Orthodox Church follows the Julian calendar which means that it celebrates Christian festivals on different dates than Catholics. The Catholics follow the Gregorian calendar.
The Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches have the same roots, but very different approaches to how they interpret these roots. The Roman Catholic Church is more focused on law, logic and the ...