- Orthodox Jewish Practice
- Orthodox Judaism as A Movement
- What Orthodox Jews Believe
In terms of practice, Orthodox Jews strictly follow the Written Torah and the Oral Law as interpreted by the Medieval commentators (Rishonim) and codified in the Codices (Rabbi Joseph Karo's Shulhan Arukh and Rabbi Moshe Isserlis's Mapah). From the time they get up in the morning until they go to bed at night, Orthodox Jews observe God's commandments concerning prayer, dress, food, sex, family relations, social behavior, the Sabbathday, holidays and more.
The term "Orthodox" Judaism only emerged as a result of the growth of new branches of Judaism. Orthodox Judaism views itself as the continuation of the beliefs and practices of normative Judaism, as accepted by the Jewish nation at Mt. Sinai and codified in successive generations in an ongoing process that continues to this day. It follows that Orthodox is not a unified movement with a single governing body, but rather many different movements that all strictly observe Judaism. While all orthodox movements are similar in their beliefs and observance, they differ in the details that are emphasized and in their attitudes toward modern culture and the State of Israel. Modern Orthodox tend to be a bit more liberal and more Zionistic. Ultra-Orthodox, including Yeshivah movements and the Chasidic sect, tend to be the least open to change and the most critical of modern society. Chasidism, founded in Europe by the Baal Shem Tov, believes that acts of kindness and prayer could be used to re...
Rambam's 13 Principles of Faithare an excellent summary of the core beliefs of Orthodox Judaism. 1. I believe with perfect faith that God is the Creator and Ruler of all things. He alone has made, does make, and will make all things. 2. I believe with perfect faith that God is One. There is no unity that is in any way like His. He alone is our God. He was, He is, and He will be. 3. I believe with perfect faith that God does not have a body. Physical concepts do not apply to Him. There is nothing whatsoever that resembles Him at all. 4. I believe with perfect faith that God is first and last. 5. I believe with perfect faith that it is only proper to pray to God. One may not pray to anyone or anything else. 6. I believe with perfect faith that all the words of the prophets are true. 7. I believe with perfect faith that the prophecy of Moses is absolutely true. He was the chief of all prophets, both before and after Him. 8. I believe with perfect faith that the entire Torah that we now...
Judaism and Christianity are very similar in that they both believe in one God who is omniscient, omnipresent, eternal, infinite and almighty. Both religions believe that God is holy, just and righteous, while also being forgiving and merciful. The same Hebrew Scriptures, the Old Testament, are the authoritative Word of God. Even with these similarities, there are notable differences that separate these religions. Judaism believes that Abraham is the founder. He is listed as the first patriarch and was born around 1800 B.C. Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is their founder. Judaism believes in one God, known as Yahweh or Jehovah. The Lord is one entity. Christianity believes in one God, but He exists in three distinct entities: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. This is also known as the Trinity. Judaism believes that Jesus Christ is only an ordinary Jew. He is not the Messiah or a divine person in any way. Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is the second entity of the Trinity. He was born of the Virgin Mary and is the true God from the true God. Judaism believes that Jesus Christ was crucified on the cross for his claim to be divine, not to die for mans sins. Christianity believes that Jesus Christ was crucified on the cross as a sacrifice, taking our place, and bringing man back into fellowship with God by accepting our sins as His own. Judaism does not believe in the original sin. The atonement for the sins committed is made by seeking forgiveness through prayer and repentance. Yom Kippur, or the Day of Atonement, is set aside for this purpose. Christianity believes that man inherits a sinful nature through our ancestor, Adam the first man, who defied God. Jesus Christ atoned for mans sins through this sacrificial death on the Cross. Judaism believes that through good works, prayers and the grace of God you will be saved. Christianity believes that by grace through faith in Jesus Christ, and recognizing Him as Lord and Savior, you will be saved. Judaism believes that there is the concept of Gehinnom or Gehenna. This means that those who die in sin may have to suffer a temporary punishment. Certain sins do merit eternal punishment. Judaism does not emphasize the existence of an afterlife. Christianity however believes that the existence of Hell is real and is a place of everlasting punishment for the unrighteous. There is no crossover between Heaven and Hell.
The origin of the name Judaism and Christianity are very different. Judaism comes from the Hebrew, Yehudim meaning Judah. Christianity comes from the Greek, Christos meaning Annointed and referring to Jesus Christ.
Judaism has several different divisions including Conservative, Hasidic and Reform Judaism. They also have several ethnic groupings including Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews. Christianity has only three main groups, Protestant, Roman Catholic and Orthodox.
Judaism believes that the Holy Spirit is not a distinct person, but instead is a divine power that was given to the Prophets. Christianity believes that the Holy Spirit is the third entity of the Trinity and is divine. Along with the Father and the Son, the Holy Spirit is to be worshipped and glorified.
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Sep 29, 2017 · In "The Jewish Jesus," historian and author Peter Schafer describes Judaism and Christianity as two "sister religions." In its earliest stages, Christianity was a sect within Judaism, and according to Schafer, both religions mutually influenced each other during the rise of Christianity as an organized religion.
Apr 26, 2021 · Josephus, an early Jewish historian of Judea, defined four major sects of Judaism: Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Zealots. From a literal standpoint, Christianity began as a “sect” of Judaism, as well. This perspective—Judaic, but accepting of Jesus as Messiah—is known today as Messianic Judaism.
May 07, 2020 · Other well-known religions are mostly ethnic; for example, 14 million people or 0.18% of the world's population practice Judaism. Christianity . Christians believe that God had created Earth and sent his son Jesus (the Messiah) to save the world. In our calendar, the 1 A.D. is the year of the beginning of the Christian era, but that naming ...
Other religions share a common root of Judaism; all religions are of the same tree with Judaism as the trunk.  The religions are not needed for Jewish self-understanding, but to fail to recognize the nature of the branch religions is to fail to properly understand the world and, in effect, God’s providential plan.
The Orthodox community centers on two religious institutions: the Shul (synagogue) and the Yeshiva (Torah study-house). In striking contrast to the ornate cathedral-like temples of classical ...
Sep 29, 2017 · Major Splits of the Jewish Religion. One of the oldest world religions to believe in one God, Judaism dates back more than 3,000 years. Not surprisingly, in that time there have been developments within the faith that have divided the faithful. Although not all of these splits have had equally profound consequences, one split in particular ...
Since you used a capital “O” in Orthodox, I believe you’re asking about the different branches of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The main branches of the Eastern Orthodox Church are: 1.
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