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Throughout the course of time, however, different branches of Judaism have spawned in order to incorporate contemporary views and advanced modern thought. Orthodox Judaism. Orthodox Judaism, as its name implies, encompasses the traditional views and practices of the Jewish people.
The Orthodox community centers on two religious institutions: the Shul (synagogue) and the Yeshiva (Torah study-house). In striking contrast to the ornate cathedral-like temples of classical Reform...
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Jul 30, 2020 · Judaism place of worship: The synagogue is the Jewish place of worship but is also used as a place to study, and often as a community center as well. Orthodox Jews often use the Yiddish word shul (pronounced shool) to refer to their synagogue. In the USA, synagogues are often called temples. Types of jews:
These successive temples stood at this location and functioned as a site of ancient Israelite and later Jewish worship. It is also called the Holy Temple ( Hebrew : בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ , Modern : Bēt hamMīqdaš , Tiberian : Bēṯ hamMīqdāš , Ashkenazi : Bēs HaMīqdoš ; Arabic : بيت المقدس Beit al-Maqdis ; Ge'ez : ቤተ መቅደስ : Betä Mäqdäs ).
- The Main Teachings and Beliefs
- Differences in Judaism
- Sacred Writings
- Sabbath and Holy Days
- Ceremonies and Rites
- Dietary Laws
There is no formal creed that all Jews are obliged to accept, but certain basic teachings can be found in all periods of Jewish history, though they may not always have been understood in the same way. Foremost among these is the Shema, so called because it is the first word of the Hebrew sentence in Deuteronomy, "Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One." Since ancient times this sentence has been recited by Jews every day in their prayer. It is spoken again before retiring and is the last utterance of one's life. It expresses the Jew's faith in a Creator of all that is. It is a way of saying that life is worth living no matter what difficulties have to be faced. It says that God is One and thereby rejects a belief in no god at all or a belief in two gods or three or many. This belief in one God is called monotheism.
It is not surprising that a people as spiritually creative as the Jews would find that not all agreed on how the tradition was to be understood or the direction Jewish life was to take. Some of these differences were not of great consequence, but others, of great significance, left their imprint on the development of Judaism. Some differences today are broad and of great consequence, causing considerable tension among various groups in the Jewish world.
Foremost among the sacred writings of Judaism is the Bible, a collection of books composed over a period of a thousand years, from the 1100's to the 100's B.C. It is what Christians called the Old Testament, although the arrangement of some of the books is dif ferent in the Hebrew Bible. Of especial importance is the Torah, comprising the Five Books of Moses — Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy — the main source for Jewish law. Since the Bible was understood to contain all the laws necessary for personal and community life, it was continually studied and explained to make it applicable to change. Originally these explanations and comments were handed down orally from one generation of rabbis to the next. In the second century of the Christian era, this "Oral law" was arranged into a code and written down in a work called the Mishnah. Once written down, this code required interpretation and development, which was called Gemara. One Gemara was developed in Palestine...
The worship of God is an essential part of the Jewish faith. Originally, this worship was expressed in both prayer and sacrifice. Sacrifices were offered during the four centuries of its existence in the Temple of Jerusalem built by Solomon and after that, for another five centuries, in the Temple built after the return from Babylonian exile. In addition to sacrifices, administered by the priests, psalms and prayers were sung by the Levites, a tribe that since earliest times had been charged with the supervision of Jewish worship. While the Temple was still in existence, a popular institution emerged that became a house of prayer, a place of study, and also a place for community gathering. This institution came to be known as the synagogue, and when the Temple was destroyed by the Romans in the year 70, it became the leading institution in Jewish life. It is found everywhere today and is the central institution of every Jewish community. It is the forerunner of the Christian church...
Since biblical times the Sabbath has been a day of utmost importance. It was set aside because God completed the creation of the world in six days and made the seventh day a day of holiness and blessing. It is also a reminder that the Children of Israel were once slaves in the land of Egypt and that Jews were therefore obliged to free their servants and slaves from labor on the Sabbath. The day is also referred to as a "sign of the covenant" between God and the Children of Israel. While no work is to be done on the Sabbath, rest is not its main purpose. Its goal is holiness, and the day is set apart in each week for prayer and study. The Sabbath begins with the setting of the sun on Friday evening. Following the service of welcome for the Sabbath, a Sabbath meal is shared by members of the family. Shortly before sunset, Sabbath candles are lit, generally by female members of the family. The Sabbath meal begins with a kiddush (the sanctification of the Sabbath over a cup of wine) and...
Life-cycle events are important in Judaism and reflect a striving toward kedushah("sanctification"), which is the goal of Jewish religious living.
The Bible declares certain animals, fowl, and fish as acceptable for food, while others are prohibited. An animal must chew the cud and have cloven hooves, while fish must have both fins and scales. Forbidden or acceptable fowl are listed by names. A further restriction says, "Thou shalt not boil a kid in the milk of its mother." This has led, in Traditional Judaism, to a complete separation of meat and dairy foods, which may not be served out of the same dishes or eaten at the same meal or in close proximity of time to one another. The laws of the Talmud further extend dietary restrictions, and even an acceptable animal must be ritually slaughtered by an official trained to perform the task with a minimum of pain to the animal. Only the forequarters of a properly slaughtered animal may be eaten because of the presence of a forbidden sinew in the hindquarters. The flesh of meat and fowl must be soaked and salted to remove all traces of blood. The prohibition of bread or leaven on th...
For Rabbi Sacks, we can witness the piety, ethics, or even God of other religions as a manifestation of the God of Abraham, even while acknowledging that their religion is different from Judaism. Religion can, and does, serve as meeting place of encounter within our globalized world.
This is a brief write up I made of the major divisions in Judaism a while ago. Modern Orthodox/Orthodox/Chareidi/Chassidic: These are the four branches that follow ...
In Sicily today we find Sicanian, Greek and Roman temples. The historical traces of synagogues, mosques and Paleo Christian churches and catacombs are more difficult to identify. By the 6th century, Sicily was essentially Christianized, with small Jewish communities, and in the 9th century Islam arrived.
- Places of Worship For Hinduism in India
- Places of Worship For Islam in India
- Places of Worship For Christianity in India
- Places of Worship For Sikkhism in India
- Places of Worship For Buddhism in India
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. Also known as the ‘Sanatan Dharma’, the majority of the Indian people practices Hinduism. It is based on the belief that spirits come back on the earth to live life in different forms based on their deed (karma). The faiths are deep and they follow the principles of the Vedas and the Upanishads. They worship idols which are considered as God’s reflection. The Hindu festivals are celebrated with great zeal and fervor and the entire country takes part in the celebration.
The temples form the centre piece for Hinduism and God’s abode is considered divine. In the spiritual centres, the deities are treated as incarnations of Gods and serving them means good karma. There are a number of religious destinations that is flocked by pilgrims all year round.
Islam came to India around the 8thcentury and it is the second largest religion in the country. The Muslims follow the teachings of Prophet Muhammad and constitute 13% of the country’s population. They are divided into two sects, the Shias and the Sunnis. The followers of Islam mostly reside in the Western and Northern Indiaand have a strong impact on society. This is because; numerous Muslim rulers ruled the country in the medieval era. The prominent Islamic festivals celebrated in India include Muharram, Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Zuha.
Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh is a prime Muslim pilgrimage site.The marvellous Charminar Mosque holds a lot of religious significance to the Islamic population. The mosque is made from granite and is a feast to the eyes. The Mecca Masjid is another revered site for the Muslims. This mosque is the home to several religious relics and houses a hair of Prophet Muhammad. Pilgrims flock to these places of worship in search of divinity. Also Read : 10 Most Famous Mosques in India
The arrival of Islam gifted India with a wealth of architectural gems. Undoubtedly, Agra is the finest example. The region is enriched with Muslim sacred sites and draw visitors across the globe. Countless mosques give a spiritually enlightening experience. Apart from mosques, there are tombs and graveyards that belong to the religious leaders. The most sought after holy places are the Moti Masjid and the Jama Masjid, built during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan. Agra Travel Guide : 1. Best T...
The royal state is not only famous for its Rajput architecture but also reflects the glorious Muslim era. There are plenty of mosques and dargahs in Rajasthan that are considered sacred by the Muslim population. The 13thcentury Nabi Qadi Hamid Mosque is the first Islamic building in the region. Another popular mosque is the Khanzadon ki Masjid that is simple yet elegant. The Dargah Masjid is considered an exclusive piece because of its unique architectural style. The pilgrims visit these plac...
Christianity is another well-known religion in the country. It is believed that Christianity was introduced in India more than 2000 years ago. The Christian population is found everywhere in the country but the majority resides in Southern and North-East India as well as the Konkan Coast. They are a follower of Jesus Christ and read the holy book of the Bible. Christmas is their most important festival. Other major festivals are Easter and Good Friday.
Although Christianity didn’t originate in the country, they share a strong relationship. It was introduced in AD 52 by St. Thomas after he sailed from East Asia. There are several ancient churches in India that are a fusion of British and European architectural style. Most of them are pretty lost in time but exudes charm. They are considered sacred and form the heart of the Christian pilgrimage destinations.
Sikkhism came into existence around 400 years ago and currently makes up 1.7% of the Indian population. The majority of the Sikhs lives in Punjab where the religion was originated. They follow the preaching of Guru Nanak and believe that God is everywhere. Sikhism emphasizes more on serving the poor and the needy. They also believe in equal rights irrespective of caste and creed.
The Sikhs worship in the Gurudwara, each of the monument is a mix of historical reminisces and spiritual values. The Sikhs do not believe in pilgrimage sites and only have a few important places of worship. They only believe in pleasing God with the act of service. Most of the Gurudwaras are located in various places around Punjab.
Founded by sage Gautam Buddha, Buddhism forms only 1% of the total population in India. It originated around the erstwhile Magadha Kingdom (Bihar, India) in the 5th century BC. The followers of Buddhism believe in the concept of karma and rebirth. They also engage in various devotional practices such as pilgrimage, chanting and offering. They celebrate Vesak (Buddha’s Birthday), Magha Puja Day, Losar and the Asalha Day.
The Buddhism pilgrimage destinations are so popular in our country that hordes of tourists visit these places all year round. The Sarnath, Varanasi and Bodhgaya Buddhist Circuit have good road connectivity and offers peace of mind and soul.
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