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  1. Eastern Orthodoxy by country - Wikipedia › wiki › Eastern_Orthodoxy_by_country

    Eastern Orthodoxy is the predominant religion in the world's largest country, Russia (77%), where roughly half the world's Eastern Orthodox Christians live.

  2. What are the different types of Orthodox churches? - Quora › What-are-the-different-types-of

    orthodox church is divided into oriental orthodox church and byzantine orthodox church. the oriental and byzantine orthodox church is again divided on regional basis. each division has a patiach or catholicos as its head. the oriental orthodox church includes the malankara orthodox,antiochene orthodox etc..

  3. How Many Orthodox Christians Are in the World? › 2020/07/08 › how-many-orthodox

    Jul 08, 2020 · Georgia, 3.4 million. The number for Ukraine, by the way, includes all groups claiming to be Orthodox. The top ten countries account for 89% of all Orthodox Christians in the world. The majority of the remaining 11% come from the next ten countries: Italy, 2.2 million. Uzbekistan, 1.8 million.

  4. Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century | Pew Research Center › 2017/11/08 › orthodox

    Today, just 12% of Christians around the world are Orthodox, compared with an estimated 20% a century ago. And 4% of the total global population is Orthodox, compared with an estimated 7% in 1910. The geographic distribution of Orthodoxy also differs from the other major Christian traditions in the 21st century.

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  6. An Orthodox Christian View of Non-Christian Religions ... › - › an-orthodox-christian-view-of
    • Guidance Provided by Patriarch Bartholomew
    • Revelation Through God's Glory, Even Though The Mystery Is "Beyond"
    • The Human Person: in The Image and Likeness of God
    • Three Views of Non-Christian Religions
    • Scriptural Affirmation of The Centrality of Christ
    • Dialogue with Non-Christian Religions
    • The Study of World Religions
    • Truth and Tolerance
    • Conclusion

    Let us begin with certain remarks offered by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople to the Conference on Interreligious Dialogue,Istanbul, March 7, 1998. The Patriarch began with the observation that this conference was convened to discuss important issues of religious truth - in peace. He pointed out that most participants unhesitatingly believe that the religion to which each subscribes is the bearer of God's truth. He noted that the study of world religions makes it clear that perceptions of God, world and man do not coincide; indeed they are often contradictory. And he asked: How can we hold discussions in good faith when each of us is firmly convinced of the truth in his own religion? The Patriarch proposed two important ways as guides. The first is a strong emphasis on means, which permit people of various faiths to coexist and interact in peace. The second is to seek mutual understanding - in depth - of the teachings of religions about which we engage in dialogue....

    Our exploration of an Orthodox attitude toward non-Christian religions begins with the Christian understanding of God. Emphasis is on the mystery of divine reality - the essence of God - which exceeds human capabilities. It is a basic truth of Orthodox Christianity that God's essence is incomprehensible and inaccessible to the human person; it is "beyond" all creaturely approach. A prayer in the Divine Liturgy expresses it as follows: "... for you are God ineffable, beyond comprehension, invisible, beyond understanding, existing forever and always the same ... "A minor change in the rendition emphasizes the fundamental truth. God's essence is totally "beyond" - "beyond verbalization, beyond comprehension, beyond vision, beyond understanding." Yet, while the essence of God is beyond communion, God reveals Himself through His Glory. The human person participates in God's energies manifested as theophanies "The glory of the Triune God embraces the universe (ta pania) and brings all thi...

    Our exploration continues with examination of man's relationship to God. The basic, all-encompassing Christian understanding is that all human persons are created in the image of God. This is linked to a related insight - how God relates to all human persons. In turn, this is linked to yet another insight - how all human persons relate to all other human persons. This has been expressed more concisely as "an orientation, a direction, a relationship of persons." The primary vector in this complex of relationships is vertical, that is, the relationship of man to God. Yetthis vertical relationship with God is incomplete without the secondary, horizontal vector - the relationship of each human person to all other human persons. The bonding agent in this relationship of persons - God and humanity - is mutual love. The ultimate example is provided by the Holy Trinity, where the bond among the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit is reciprocal love. Therefore, the bond among the persons who...

    An Orthodox scholar recently observed that there are basically three views that Christians have taken with regard to non-Christian religions. The first is that the non-Christian will be damned because there is no salvation outside the visible Body of Christ, the Church, The second is that the non-Christian may be saved in spite the religion he practices, but only through the mercy of God. The third is that the non-Christian may be saved by means of the very religion he practices, for nonChristian religions may also contain saving truths.These three views parallel the three approaches identified elsewhere as exclusivism. inclusivism and cultural pluralism. The claim of exclusivism has been rejected by many Orthodox scholars as untenable. This is not done in the interests of facilitating missionary endeavors or to foster world peace. Exclusiveness is rejected as a matter of Truth.The majority of Orthodox scholars would accept inclusivism. Some Orthodox scholars espouse the view charac...

    Let us note that theology is not speculation; it is experience in and of the Body of Christ. The study of theology proceeds in consonance with the Tradition of the Church: its liturgy, its "unwritten" experiences. Scripture, writings of the Fathers, doctrine and canons. The challenges and opportunities attendant to today's religious pluralism must be addressed with Christian conviction, and the dialogue which addresses our concerns for the present and future must harmonize with our roots in our past. The Christian message of the Good News of Salvation is central. Jesus Christ tells us, "I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me" (John 14:6). Peter confesses at Phillipi, "You are the Christ" (Mark 8:29). Saint Paul declares, "He is the Image of the invisible God, the first born of all creation; for in Him all things are created" (Col. 1:15). The Scriptures abound with unequivocal affirmations of the Incarnation and the foundational beliefs th...

    The Orthodox view of dialogue with other religions is also rooted in the Church Fathers. Subsequent to the Apostolic age St. Justin Martyr, a second century apologist, makes the claim for Christianity that "Whatever things were rightly said among all men are the property of us Christians." Justin espouses the belief that both Gentiles and Jews will be saved on the basis of their piety and holiness. He states that "Christ is the first-born of God, and we have declared above all that He is the Word (Logos) of whom every race of men were partakers; and those who lived according to reason are Christian." All peoples are able to participate in the "spermatikos logos" or seed of reason: "For each man spoke well in proportion to the share he had of the spermatic word (reason disseminated among men), seeing what was related to it," because "the seed of reason (the Logos) implanted in every race of men" makes God's revelation accessible to all The pre-existence of the eternal Logos of God en...

    There have been significant twentieth century developments, firmly rooted in Scripture and the Church Fathers, in the Orthodox view of nonChristian religions, beginning with the work of Leonidas John Philippides in the 1930s. The study of world religions has become a major discipline in the curriculum of Orthodox Theological Schools, Academic chairs have been established in the Schools of Theology at both Athens and Thessalonike, where ongoing efforts in the history of world religions and in the study of comparative religion flourish. In addition to outstanding major studies and innumerable articles there are first-class textbooks supporting academic programs. These developments witness a powerful Orthodox theological concern with issues of religious Truth, and a willingness to pursue that Truth wherever it may lead. The prominent Orthodox Christian apologist, Gregorios Papamichael, University of Athens. espouses the view that humanity was gradually prepared for the revelation of th...

    As has been emphasized, the issue of Christian Truth is of highest importance in the Orthodox view of other religions. Pontius Pilate asked "What is Truth?" (John 18:38). He posed this question to Jesus who standing before him, remained silent. Christians interpret this silence as His reply that the Truth was standing before him - Christ is the Truth. The Byzantine Empire identified itself as an Orthodox Christian state, however, it allowed for diversity of religious practices within its borders. "In Byzantium, the recognition of Christianity first as a privileged religion, and then as the official religion of the Empire, did not affect the basic principle of tolerance toward the members of other religions. But it restricted the rights they were permitted in public life. Christianity and, after the East-West schism (1054), Orthodoxy were closely linked to the identity of the Byzantine state and thus determined its religious policies." For Orthodoxy there is a fusion between the trut...

    Orthodox Christianity sees dialogue not only as proper, but also necessary, in the inevitable interactions with other religions, Interfaith dialogueis best cultivated in an atmosphere of peace and with preparations which emphasize mutual in-depth understanding as the desirable way. There are risks in dialogue, particularly if preparation is inadequate or if there is overemphasis on accommodation. However, the risks of no dialogue are greater. It is basic Christian doctrine that the Holy Spirit may act wherever and whenever. Presuming to constrain the activity of the Holy Spirit - to limit God Himself- is not the way. Orthodoxy recognizes and accepts the mandate to seek Truth and to follow the Holy Spirit wherever He leads, including in other religions or philosophies when his Truth is to be found there. The way of Orthodoxy is to converge on the golden mean, carefully avoiding extremes and the pitfalls that can lead to destruction. The Tradition of the Church fosters the understandi...

  7. Understanding Hasidic Jews and Ultra-Orthodox Judaism › hasidic-ultra-orthodox

    Sep 03, 2018 · Understanding Hasidic Jews and Ultra-Orthodox Judaism. In general, Orthodox Jews are followers who believe in a fairly strict observance of the rules and teachings of the Torah, as compared to the more liberal practices of members of modern Reform Judaism. Within the group known as Orthodox Jews, however, there are degrees of conservatism.

  8. World Religions Series: The Greek Orthodox Faith › 2011 › 10

    Oct 28, 2011 · World Religions Series: The Greek Orthodox Faith As promised last month, I started on a journey to better understand the different world faiths that my friends, family, co-workers, acquaintances, etc. all belong to and practice.

  9. How Many Religions Are There in the World? › how-many-religions-are
    • What Is Religion?
    • Abrahamic Religions
    • Judaism
    • Islam
    • Christianity
    • Indian Religions
    • East Asian Religions
    • Folk Religions, Cult Groups, and Other Religions
    • Sources

    Religion can briefly be defined as a specific belief system about God or gods expressed through a code of conduct, ethics, forms of worship, and rituals. Religion includes social, ethical, and ceremonial elements combined with the belief in an unseen world and often a deity. Understanding World Religions in 15 Minutes a Daygives this general definition: “Religion is an organized system of beliefs that answers ultimate questions and commends certain actions or behaviors based on the answers to those questions.” The English word “religion” originates from the Latin term religio, which has a variety of definitions, including “to bind” and “awe or fear of a god or spirit.” Most, but not all, religions include belief in and worship of God, a god, gods, or spirits. Nearly all acknowledge a supernatural realm. In broad terms, the role of religion is to help people understand the reasons and purpose for their existence in the world, answer questions about the origins of life, explain the af...

    The three chief Abrahamic religions are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These faiths identify Abraham as their first prophet, patriarch, and founding earthly father. All originated in the Middle East and are monotheistic, meaning they believe in one God. Christianity has its roots in Judaism, and then Islam developed from them. Both Judaism and Christianity trace their beginnings to the Hebrew Bible and the book of Genesis. Islam, the religion practiced by Muslims, dates back to their founder Muhammad(circa 570–632 AD). While vastly different in their doctrines and worship practices, these three religions all share a belief in one God who is Creator. They also believe in prophets and a final judgment.

    Judaism is the oldest monotheistic religion, believing in a single deity—the one true God. Judaism began with the biblical figure Abraham. According to the Hebrew Scriptures, God chose Abraham to become the father of a great nation that He would claim as his own, treasured covenant people (Genesis 12:1-3;Deuteronomy 7:6). The name Judaism comes from the tribe of Judah, one of the twelve clans of Israel. The most sacred text of Judaism is the Torah, which contains the first five books of the Bible—Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Torah means “teaching.” The writings of the Torah form the foundation of Judaism. Jews believe these are the Laws of God revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai. They are also called the Five Books of Moses or the Pentateuch. The Jewish Bible is called the Tanakh in Hebrew. The Decalogue is another name for the Ten Commandments. The Mishnah is a collection of oral teachings, while the Talmudcontains written teachings and scriptural commentary....

    Islam began in the seventh century when its founding prophet, Muhammad, claims he was visited by the angel Gabriel delivering to him the words of Allah (the Arabic word used by Muslims for “God”). The angel continued to visit Muhammad for the next two decades until his death. Believing he had been chosen to bring Allah’s message to the world, Muhammad began dictating by scribe these sacred messages into the holy text of the Qur’an. Within 100 years of his death, the religion of Islam stretched both east and west from the Arabian Peninsula. Muslims abide by the teachings of the Qur’an and strive to keep the Five Pillars of Islam—a set of religious duties that are performed regularly and provide the basic structure of Muslim life. The doctrines of Islam are contained in six articles of faith. Muslims believe in a single God, Allah, who is eternal, creator and sovereign; angels; prophets; revelations of Allah; final judgment; and predestination. The word Islam means “submission” and “p...

    Christianity gets its name and foundation from one person, Jesus Christ. The earliest followers of Jesus of Nazareth were called Christians (Acts 11:26), which means “little Christs.” Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of Godand promised Messiah of the Jewish Scriptures. The religion took root in first-century Jerusalem as an extension of Judaism when a Jewish man named Jesus Christ (meaning “the anointed one”) started his ministry. His remarkable life and teachings sparked a movement that spread rapidly throughout the entire ancient world. The monotheism of Christianity is unique in its understanding of the trinity—that God is one in three persons, God the Father, Jesus the Son, and the Holy Spirit. As Israel’s promised Messiah, Jesus Christ fulfilled all the law’s requirements and the Old Testament prophesies. He sacrificed his body on the cross and then resurrected to life again so that all who repent and put their faith in him receive forgiveness by God’s grace and mercy....

    The predominant Indian religions include Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism. These religions are referred to as Dharmic religions and share a connection through India’s history with the Vedic religion, or ancient Hinduism of the Vedic age (circa 1200–400 B.C.). Dharmameans “the way” or “the religion,” and is the name Hindus use to refer to their faith. Hinduism is the third-largest religion and perhaps the world’s oldest. Major traditions within Hinduism include Shaivism, Shaktism, Smartism, and Vaishnavism. The largest group is Vaishnavism, which is dedicated to worshipping the god Vishnu. Hinduism incorporates an array of philosophies, spiritual traditions, and cultural ideals. Hindus practice their religion as a way of life. The central aims and goals of this way of life are summed up in the Four Purusarthas: Dharma (ethics and duties), Artha (prosperity and work), Kama (desires and passions), and Moksha (liberation and salvation). Karma is another vital concept of Hinduism...

    The predominant East Asian religions are Taoism, Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Shinto. All of these religions blend various aspects of each other into their beliefs and practices. Shinto is the indigenous Japanese religion based on rituals and practices that date back to Japan’s ancient, prerecorded history. Taoism (also spelled Daoism) is an ancient Chinese philosophy and religion usually considered part of the blended Chinese religion that includes Confucianism and Buddhism. The concept of yin and yangmakes its strongest impact In Taoism, which means “following the way.” Confucianism is a philosophy of life with roots in ancient China. It developed from the teachings of Chinese philosopher Confucius (BC 551–479). Buddhism is founded on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama(circa BC 563–483), who is called the Buddha, meaning “enlightened one.” Buddhism today consists of three primary branches: Mahayana Buddhism, Theravada Buddhism, and Vajrayana, or Tibetan Buddhism. Buddhism...

    Folk religions consist of those closely associated with a particular people group, ethnicity, or tribe. In addition to the many faiths already covered, more than 400 million people worldwide (6% of the global population) practice folk or traditional religions, including indigenous South American religions, African traditional religions, Chinese folk religions, Native American religions, and Australian aboriginal religions. Approximately 58 million people (less than 1% of the global population) follow other alternative religious groups like Baha’i, Tenrikyo, Wicca, and Zoroastrianism. World religions is an expansive topic worthy of a lifetime of study. Admittedly, the faiths assembled here only scratch the surface of the total number of religions practiced by the people of our planet. Nonetheless, the vast majority of the global population of religious adherents conforms to one of these classifications or subgroups.

    Understanding World Religions in 15 Minutes a Day (p. 16).
    What are the most common world religions?
    Pocket Guide to World Religions (p. 10).
    Pocket Dictionary of Church History: Over 300 Terms Clearly and Concisely Defined (p. 100).
  10. 10 Largest Religions in the World in 2020 - Largest Religions ... › largest-religions-in-the-world
    • Christianity
    • Islam
    • Hinduism

    Christianity is one the first rank in the list of most popular religions around the globe with more than 2.22 billion followers which is more than 31.5% of world’s entire population. It was founded about 2000 years ago in Israel. Bible is the holy book followed by Christians. Christianityis divided into three major Sects named Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant. Also Read: History of Christianity, Beliefs and more Christianity began two thousand years ago and is a faith based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. From its humble beginnings as a small sub-group of Judaism, Christianity has become the most popular religion in the world, with followers worldwide. Christians believe in the existence of the One God, who sent His only Son, Jesus Christ, to save them from their evil and hell. Believers believe that the sacrificial death of Christ on the cross, His death and His resurrection were all intended to provide eternal life and forgiveness to all who accept Chris...

    Islam is given the second rank in thelist of major religions of the world having more than 1.5 billion followers as per 2020 list of largest religions in the world. It is one of the fastest growing religions and was founded about 1400 years before in Saudi Arabia which is considered to be thelargest oil-producing country. Quran is the Holy book and acted by the Muslims living in the different countries of the world. Indonesia, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are the major countries having thelargest Muslim population. Continue reading Top 10 Biggest Religions in the World 2020. Also Read: Islam Religion History, Facts, Origin Islam began in Mecca in the seventh century. Followers of religion believe that there is only one God (Allah), written and shaped in the Holy Book of the Qur’an, which always acts as the central spiritual book in the faith. The Prophet Muhammad lived from 570 to 632 among the historical figures who needed to understand the Muslim tradition. The followers of Isla...

    Hinduism in one of the mostmajor religions of the world with 1.05 billion worshipers living in the different countries of the world. It is considered the world’s oldest religion. The Gita, Agamas, and Vedas are the major scriptures of Hindus.India has the third strongest army around the globe, and it is the top country having the largest Hindu population while on the other hand, it is the second largest country for the Muslim population. Hinduism is the 3rd most following religion in the world 2020 list. Also Interesting Article: Hinduism Origin, History, Gods, Facts Most Hindus live in South Asian countries such as India, Nepal and Indonesia. In India alone, it is estimated that 80% of the population is Hindu. Although very little is known about the foundation of Hinduism, it is generally believed that the faith developed over 4,000 years. Due to its status as an ancient belief system, Hinduism is deeply rooted in Indian society. In recent years, many forms of Hinduism have become...

  11. The World's Parliament of Religions, 1893 - Orthodox History › 2010/05/11 › the-worlds

    May 11, 2010 · Not long ago, I wrote a pair of articles on the visit of the Greek archbishop Dionysius Latas to the United States. The archbishop came to America in 1893 to attend the “World’s Parliament of Religions,” which was held in conjunction with the Chicago World’s Fair. When we last left Abp Dionysius, he had visited New York and […]

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