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      • HTML has many updates over time, and the latest HTML version is HTML5. There are some differences between the two versions: HTML5 supports both audio and video while none of them were part of HTML cannot allow JavaScript to run within the web browser, while HTML5 provides full support for running JavaScript.
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    What are the differences between different versions of HTML?

    What is the current version of HTML?

    What are the different features of HTML?

    What is HTML version?

    • HTML 1.0. The basic version of HTML has support for basic elements like text controls and images. This was the very basic version of HTML with less support for a wide range of HTML elements.
    • HTML 2. HTML version 2.0 was developed in 1995 with basic intention of improving HTML version 1.0. Now a standard got started to develop so as to maintain common rules and regulations across different browsers.
    • HTML 3.2. It was developed in 1997. After HTML 2.0 was developed, the next version of HTML was 3.2. With version 3.2 of HTML, HTML tags were further improved.
    • HTML 4.01. It was developed in 1999. It extended the support of cascading styling sheets. In version 3.2, CSS were embedded in HTML page itself. Therefore, if the website has various web pages to apply to the style of each page, we must place CSS on each web page.
    • Versions of Html
    • Deciding on A Version of Html
    • Html 5 and XHTML
    • Declaring A Doctype

    The first version of HTML didn't have a number, but was just called "HTML." It was used to create simple web pages beginning in 1989 and served its purpose through 1995. In 1995, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standardized HTML and HTML 2.0 was born. In 1997, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) presented the next version of HTML: HTML 3.2. It was followed by HTML 4.0 in 1998 and 4.01 in 1999. Then, the W3C announced that it would no longer create new versions of HTML, and would instead begin to focus on extensible HTML, or XHTML. They recommended that web designers use HTML 4.01 for their HTML documents. Around this point, development split off. The W3C focused on XHTML 1.0, and things like XHTML Basic became recommendations in 2000 and onward. However, designers were resistant to moving to the rigid structure of XHTML, so in 2004, the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) began working on a new version of HTML that is not as strict as XHTML. This w...

    Your first decision when creating a web page is whether to write in HTML or XHTML. If you're using an editor like Dreamweaver, this choice is declared in the DOCTYPE you choose. XHTML and HTML have a number of differences. In general, XHTML is HTML 4.01 rewritten as an XML application. If you write XHTML, it is stricter in its syntax, and all your attributes will be quoted, your tags closed. You will also be able to edit the document in an XML editor. HTML is much looser, allowing you to drop quotes off of attributes, leave tags unclosed, and so on. Why should you choose to use HTML? These reasons may push you more toward it as a choice: 1. HTML can take up less space, and so be speedier to download. 2. HTML is more forgiving and easier to learn. For example, if you leave off tags in HTML, your code will still work reliably. 3. Some older browsers respond more effectively to HTML than to XHTML. You may instead choose XHTML if your needs line up more with these points: 1. XHTML is st...

    With the advent of HTML 5 (sometimes represented without the space as HTML5), the language subsumed XHTML as well as all previous versions of HTML. HTML 5 has become a standard language of the internet and is the most widely accepted by modern browsers. You should only be using older versions of HTML (e.g., 4.0, 3.2, etc.) if you have a specialized reason to do so. If you don't have a specific situation that calls for something else, then you should use HTML 5.

    Be sure to use a DOCTYPE in your HTML document. Using a DOCTYPE ensures that your pages are displayed the way you intend them. If you are working with HTML 5, your DOCTYPE declaration will simply be: The other DOCTYPEs for the various versions are: HTML 1. HTML 4.01 transitional 2. HTML 4.01 strict 3. HTML 4.01 frameset 4. HTML 3.2 XHTML 1. XHTML 1.0 transitional 2. XHTML 1.0 strict 3. XHTML 1.0 Frameset 4. XHTML 2.0

    • L 1.0
    • L 2.0
    • L 3.0
    • L 3.2
    • L 4.0
    • XHTML
    • Html 5

    The original version of HTML was HTML 1.0. It had very limited features which greatly limited what you could do in designing your web pages.

    HTML 2.0 then arrived and included all the features of HTML 1.0 plus several new features for web page design. Until January, 1997, HTML 2.0 was the standard in web page design.

    HTML 2.0 served its purpose very well, but many people designing web pages (called HTML authors or webmasters) wanted more control over their web pages and more ways to mark up their text and enhance the appearance of their websites. Netscape, the leading browser at that time, introduced new tags and attributes called the Netscape Extension Tags. Other browsers tried to duplicate them but Netscape did not fully specify their new tags and so these extension tags did not work in most other browsers. It led to considerable confusion and problems when HTML authors used these tags and attributes and then saw that they didn't work as expected in other browsers. At about that time, an HTML working group, led by Dave Raggett, introduced the HTML 3.0 draft which included many new and useful enhancements to HTML. However, most browsers only implemented a few elements from this draft. The phrase "HTML 3.0 enhanced" quickly became popular on the web but it more often than not referred to docume...

    As more browser-specific tags were introduced, it became obvious that a new standard was needed. For this reason, the Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C), founded in 1994 to develop common standards for the evolution of the World Wide Web, drafted the WILBUR standard, which later became known as HTML 3.2. HTML 3.2 captures the recommended practice as of early 1996 and became the official standard in January, 1997. Most, if not all, popular browsers in use today fully support HTML 3.2.

    In the early days, HTML 4.0 was code-named COUGAR. This version introduces new functionality, most of which comes from the expired HTML 3.0 draft. This version became a recommendation in December, 1997 and a standard as of April, 1998. Explorer has done a very good job in implementing the many features of HTML 4.0. Unfortunately, Netscape has not kept pace. The latest version of Netscape Communicator still does notrecognize the many tags and attributes introduced with HTML 4.0. This means that a web page that involves HTML 4.0 specific tags will look great in Explorer but can look disastrous in Netscape.

    You would think that the next major version after HTML 4.0 would be HTML 5.0 and with it would come a bunch of new tags that would do all sorts of wonderful things. That would be a good guess - but it would also be a wrong guess. The next version of HTML after HTML 4 is XHTML. XHTML stands for EXtensible HyperText Markup Language. EXtensible Hyper Text Markup Language XHTML is notbringing with it a lot of new tags. The purpose of XHTML is to address the new browser technologies that is sweeping the world. Today web pages are being viewed in browsers through cell/mobile phones, cars, televisions, plus a host of hand-held wireless devices and communicators. Alternate ways to access the internet are continually being introduced. In many cases, these devices will not have the computing power of a desktop or notebook computer and so will not be able to accommodate poor or sloppy coding practices. XHTML is designed to address these technologies. XHTML also begins to address the need for t...

    HTML 5 (usually written HTML5) is the new web standard. It follows HTML 4 (which came out way back in 1997) and XHTML. Since the introduction of HTML4, a lot has happened with the web and something needed to be done to address all the new technologies and latest multimedia. HTML5 is the result of cooperation that began in 2006 between the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG). While HTML5 is still evolving (still under development), the latest browsers do support many of the new features and elements in this version. The basic aim of HTML5 is to provide two things - (1) to improve the language and (2) to support the latest multimedia. In order to accomplish this, some ground rules were established by the W3C and WHATWG. Among them were to reduce the need for external plug-ins (such as Flash plug-ins), better handling of errors, and more markup elements (tags) to replace scripting. HTML5 should also be device independent (...

    • L 1.0
    • L 2.0
    • L 3.20
    • L 4.01

    The first version of HTML that supported inline images and text controls. HTML 1.0 was very limited in terms of styling and presentation of content. In HTML 1.0, for example, you could not: 1. use tables or frames, 2. specify fonts, 3. change page background, or 4. use forms Because of these limitations, every web page created with HTML 1.0 looked the same with similar background and the type of font used. Notes: 1. because the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) did not exist at the time HTML 1.0 first appeared, W3C did not formally specify the HTML 1.0 specification. 2. HTML 1.0 was only supported by Lynx (a non-graphical browser running on UNIX) and Mosaic.

    This specification supported more browsers. HTML 2.0 was considerably improved to support: It also supported: 1. forms with limited set of form elements such as text boxes, and option buttons 2. change of page background 3. use of tables Notes: 1. Around this time, HTML 1.1 also existed and was created by Netscape. 2. Browser makers started to (and still do) create their own features (thus requiring additional tags to use the features but the tags themselves were not part of the actual HTML specification). 3. Between HTML 1.0 and HTML 2.0 W3C was formed.

    This version included support for creating tables and expanded options for form elements. This version also allowed web pages to include complex mathematical equations. Notes: 1. Because W3C delayed agreeing on the next version (after HTML 2.0) of HTML, HTML 3.2 was created instead of HTML 3.0. 2. Although HTML 3.20 specification included support for CSS (cascaded style sheets), browser manufactures did not support it very well in their browsers. 3. Browser manufactures included support for frames even though HTML 3.2 specification did not support this feature.

    This version added support for style sheets and scripting ability for multimedia elements. HTML 4.01 focused on separating presentation styling information from the actual content by the use of style sheets as HTML 3.20 resulted in difficult maintenance because presentation styling information was included directly in the webpage. In HTML 4.0 with the use of style sheets, it is now possible to change the appearance/look of the website by changing just the style sheet (s) itself. In comparison, in the earlier versions of HTML making the same changes for the entire website meant changing the styling information in the individual pages! (A site with many pages would have meant many changes need to be made before the appearance of the website could be changed.)

    • Html vs HTML5: The Main Differences
    • Key Advantages Provided by HTML5 For Developers
    • HTML5 Advantages For End-Users
    • How Secure Is Html?
    • Can I Learn HTML5 by Knowing Html?
    • HTML5 Cheat Sheet
    • Should I Switch to HTML5?
    • Conclusion

    Let’s go through the differences between HTML and HTML5. In addition to the features in the table above, HTML5 has seen the following changes: 1. Some removed elements, like isindex, noframes, acronym, applet, basefont, dir, font, frame, frameset, big, center, strike, and tt. 2. New form controls, including dates and times, email, number, range, tel, url, search, color, and datalist. 3. Numerous new elements, including video, nav, aside, progress, canvas, section, meter, and time. 4. New APIs with various functionalities such as drag-and-drop support, browser history manipulation, and reading and locking screen orientation state. 5. New attributes including async, manifest, sandbox, srcdoc, and reversed. 6. New global attributes, such as hidden, role, spellcheck, and translate.

    HTML5 was created to improve the WWW experience and give web developers more flexibility when designing websites. In this part of the article, we’ll go over the significant improvements introduced by the new version.

    HTML5 presents a paradigm shift not only for developers but also end-users. Some of the advantages it provides for the end-users are: 1. Reduces mobile browser crash rates. 2. Supports native audio and video elements without any additional plugin. 3. Offers geolocation of the user browsing any site or using applications based on an HTML5-compatible browser. 4. Provides offline application caching so that pages or web applications are available even when users are not connected to a network. 5. Enhanced web forms with improved text inputs, search boxes, and different fields for various purposes.

    HTML5 is the most secure version of HTML. However, apps and sites built using HTML5 are still vulnerable to security attacks. Common security threats typically come in the form of malicious code, which can be injected through various means such as developer error, music files, images, QR code, SSID fields, or the middleware framework. Unfortunately, there is no one cure-all solution for building a secure website or web application using HTML5. The security of the site or application depends on how careful and thorough the web developer is in creating it. In addition, one needs to understand the vulnerabilities of the platform used to build their website. For example, WordPress users must understand the content management system’s security vulnerabilities to secure their WordPress websitesproperly. Here are some tips and tricks for improving website security: 1. Keep software and plugins up-to-date. Software and plugin updates contain performance and security improvements, including...

    Learning HTML5 is practically the same as learning HTML, as HTML5 is just the new version of HTML. After mastering one version, writing code using another version of HTML should not be difficult. These days, almost anyone can learn HTML on their own, which is made even easier through websites for learning to code for free.

    Cheat sheetscan help you in your journey to learn a new language. Below, we’ve provided the sheet containing the most commonly used HTML tags and new tags for HTML5.

    It may be good practice to switch to HTML5. One of the main reasons being that HTML5 has already replaced Flash for providing multimedia content on various platforms. Lots of major industry names have migrated from Flash to HTML5. Examples include Apple, Youtube, and Google Chrome. Here are more reasons to switch from Adobe Flash to HTML5: 1. Adobe Flash is proprietary software. People using the software will be subject to restrictions or licensing conditions. HTML5, on the other hand, is open-source and developed openly by an international panel. 2. Security and performance concerns. Experts have pointed out that Flash is unsafe and unstable. It has become a gateway for various malware attacks, and the way Flash content is processed also impairs load time. 3. Battery-draining. Viewing Flash content on mobile devices tends to drain battery power. 4. Flash is not suitable for touch devices. Flash technology is primarily designed for desktop devices, not touch devices. For example, ma...

    HTML is the most commonly used markup language for developing web pages and applications. HTML5 is the latest version of HTML. In this HTML vs HTML5 article, we have discussed the key features distinguishing HTML5 from its predecessors and new ones such as: 1. Native audio and video support. 2. Vector graphics support without plugins. 3. Unrestricted use of inline MathML and SVG in text. 4. Shape creation support. 5. Usage of an SQL database instead of cookies for the temporary storage of data. 6. JavaScript and browser interface running in separate threads. 7. Shorter HTML DOCTYPE declaration. 8. Shorter character encoding declaration and usage of the UTF-8 character set. 9. Improved parsing rules as HTML5 is not built based on Standard Generalized Markup Language. In addition to the features above, HTML5 provides various new elements, form controls, attributes, and APIs, especially beneficial for developers and end-users. We recommend that users of Adobe Flash switch to HTML5. Alt...

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