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  1. Apr 19, 2021 · At its longest, the sea is 3,800 km long; at its widest, it is 800 km. The Mediterranean Sea is bordered by Europe to the north, Africa to the south, and Asia to the east. To the west is the narrow Strait of Gibraltar, between Europe’s Iberian Peninsula and North Africa, which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The Ionian Sea lies to the north, between southern Italy and Greece.

  2. Jul 11, 2019 · The Mediterranean Sea is a large body of water with Europe to the north, northern Africa to the south, and southwestern Asia to the east. The narrow Strait of Gibraltar to the west is the only outlet to the Atlantic Ocean.

    • Amanda Briney
    • Geography Expert
    • List of Mediterranean Countries
    • Characteristic of Mediterranean
    • History of Mediterranean
    • Subdivision of Mediterranean
    • Straits of Mediterranean
    • Gulfs of Mediterranean

    Here is a complete list of all mediterranean countries: 1. Albania 2. Bosnia and Herzegovina 3. Gibraltar 4. Algeria 5. Morocco 6. France 7. Croatia 8. Montenegro 9. Cyprus 10. North Cyprus Turkish Republic 11. Libya 12. Lebanon 13. Egypt 14. Malta 15. Monaco 16. Slovenia 17. Syria 18. Tunisia 19. Turkey 20. Vatican City 21. Greece 22. Spain 23. Israel 24. Italy

    The Mediterranean is the largest inland sea in the world. Its surface area is 2,499,350 km2, its length is 3,860 km, the widest place is 1,610 km, its deepest point is 4,405 m. The Mediterranean, which is surrounded by Asia, Africa, and Europe, connects to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar, to the Black Sea through the Sea of Marmara and the Straits, and to the Red Sea through the Suez Canal. The seas bound to the Mediterranean are the Tyrrhenian, Adriatic, Ionian and Aegean seas. The width of 140 km between Sicily and the Bon Cape of Tunisia divides the Mediterranean into two as east and west. The salinity is very high compared to the Atlantic Ocean. Tidal events show very small changes. Coasts are usually mountainous, often earthquakes and volcanic events are seen. From the south, hot, dry, sirokko, from the north, cold, dry, mistral and bora local winds are seen.

    The Mediterranean coast became the center of various and powerful civilizations starting from the ancient times. The Romans, Greeks, Sicilians, and Carthaginians followed the Phoenicians who first opened their trade and transportation routes. In order to maintain commercial superiority, it was inevitable to oversee the Mediterranean. During the Roman Empire, the Mediterranean was a Roman lake; then the Byzantines, the Arabs, the Vandals, and the Goths took advantage of their occupation of North Africa and Italy and began the war of supremacy. The Crusades against Arabs reaching Spain through Africa in the 7th century was a reaction. During the Ottoman Empire, Turks dominated the Mediterranean by dealing with the powerful fleets of the age such as Spanish, Italian, French, Venice, and Malta. Towards the end of the 16th century, the British, who benefited from the destruction of each other for the superiority of the Mediterranean nations, entered the region. The Suez Canal, which open...

    The Mediterranean sea consists of the following subdivisions: 1. Alboran Sea, between Spain and Morocco, 2. Balearic Sea, between Spain and the Balearic Islands, 3. Ligurian Sea, between the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, 4. Tyrrhenian Sea, between Sardinia, Italy Peninsula and Sicily, 5. Adriatic Sea, between the peninsula of Italy and the Balkan Peninsula, 6. Ionian Sea, between Italy, Greece, and Albania, 7. Libyan Sea, between Libya and Crete, 8. The Aegean Sea, between Greece and Turkey, 9. The sea of Crete, North of Crete, 10. Thracian Sea, North Aegea, 11. Myrtoan Sea, between the Cyclades and Mora Peninsula, 12. Marmara Sea, between Aegean Sea and the Black Sea, 13. Sicilian Sea, between Turkey and the Northern Cyprus.

    Here is a list of the straits of the mediterranean sea: 1. Straits of Gibraltar, between Spain and Morocco 2. Strait of Messina, between Italy Peninsula and Sicily 3. Bonifacio Strait, between Corsica and Sardinia 4. Strait of Sicily, between Sicily and Tunisia 5. Otranto Strait, between Italy and Albania 6. Hellespont, between the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean Sea 7. Bosphorus, between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea

    List of the gulfs of the mediterranean: 1. Saros Bay, north of Turkey 2. Lions Bay, south of France 3. Taranto Bay, south of Italy 4. Antalya Bay, south of Turkey 5. Sirte Bay, north of Libya 6. Gabes Bay, east of Tunisia 7. Mersin Bay, south of Turkey 8. Edremit Bay, northwest of Turkey 9. Izmir Bay, west of Turkey 10. Gokova Bay, southwest of Turkey 11. Iskenderun Bay, south of Turkey 12. Fethiye Bay, south of Turkey 13. Marmaris Bay, south of Turkey 14. Izmit Bay, norhtwest of Turkey

  3. The Map of Countries Bordering the Mediterranean Sea was published in January 1912, prior to the First Balkan War. This colorful map accompanied three articles of the region including "The Sea-Kings of Crete."

    • Map Archive
    • 19.25" x 11.5"
    • 1912
    • HM19120100
  4. Map is showing the Mediterranean Region, the historical cradle of modern civilization. The Mediterranean Region are the coastal areas around the Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean is at the crossroads of three continents: Europe, Africa, and Asia. The region is characterized by the prevailing subtropical climate known as the Mediterranean ...

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  6. List of countries. Below is the list of the countries and territories bordering the Mediterranean, listed clockwise from Gibraltar on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula: Southern European coast, from west to east Portugal (considered Mediterranean) Spain Gibraltar (a British Overseas Territory) France Monaco

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