What three countries are closest to the Mediterranean Sea?
- Northern shore (from west to east): Spain,France,Monaco,Italy,Slovenia,Croatia,Bosnia and Herzegovina,Montenegro,Albania,Greece,Turkey.
- Eastern shore (from north to south): Turkey,Syria,Lebanon,Israel,Palestine,Egypt.
- Southern shore (from west to east): Morocco,Algeria,Tunisia,Libya,Egypt.
- Island nations: Malta,Cyprus.
Jul 11, 2019 · Because of the Mediterranean's size and central location, it borders 21 countries on three continents. Europe has the most nations with coastlines along the Mediterranean Sea with 12. Populations listed are from mid-2017.
The Mediterranean countries are those that surround the Mediterranean Sea. Twenty sovereign countries in Southern Europe, the Levant and North Africa regions border the sea itself, in addition to two island nations completely located in it (Malta and Cyprus).
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- Geography of The Mediterranean Sea
- Countries of The Mediterranean
- Island Countries in The Mediterranean Sea
- Peoples of The Mediterranean
- What Is Mediterranean Culture?
The Mediterranean Sea encompasses 2.54 million sq. km. At its longest, the sea is 3,800 km long; at its widest, it is 800 km. The Mediterranean Sea is bordered by Europe to the north, Africa to the south, and Asia to the east. To the west is the narrow Strait of Gibraltar, between Europe’s Iberian Peninsula and North Africa, which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The Ionian Sea lies to the north, between southern Italy and Greece. The Aegean Sea can also be found to the north, between Greece and Turkey. In the eastern Mediterranean are narrow waterways that can be used to enter or exit the region. One is the Dardanelles Straits, which is located in western Turkey, and which connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Black Sea, by way of the Sea of Marmara and the Bosporus Straits. Another is the Suez Canal, located in northern Egypt. The canal flows between the African part of Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula. It connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
The Mediterranean Sea is surrounded by 16 countries. Of these 16 countries, 6 are in Europe, 5 are in Africa, 4 are in Asia, and one transcends territory in both Europe and Asia. The 6 European countries that border the Mediterranean are Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Greece, and the island country of Malta, which is located south of the Italian island of Sicily. The 5 African countries are Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco; the 4 Asian countries are Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and the island country of Cyprus, which is more politically and economically connected with Europe, but is technically part of Asia, and is situated south of Turkey. Turkey is also a Mediterranean country, though it has the distinction of possessing territory in both Europe and Asia. Turkey’s European territory makes up part of the region of Thrace, shared with Greece, but the bulk of Turkish territory, known as Anatolia or Asia Minor, is in Asia. European Mediterranean Countries 1. Spain 2. France 3. Mo...
As mentioned previously, Malta and Cyprus are two islands countries located in the Mediterranean Sea. With an area of 9,251 sq. km, and population of 1,198,580, Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean. Although Malta is considerably smaller in size (316 sq. km), it is the sixth most populous Mediterranean island with 502,650 people living within its territory.
There are many different peoples in the Mediterranean region. The African countries of the region are dominated by Arabic speakers. The Arabs conquered North Africa in the 7thcentury, and are now the dominant population therein. There are, however, non-Arab peoples, most notably the Berbers, who formed much of North Africa’s population prior to the Arab invasion. Both Arabic and Berber are composed of many different dialects. The Asian countries of the Mediterranean region include Turkey (transcontinental), Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and the disputed territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Syria, Lebanon, and the West Bank and Gaza Strip are predominantly Arab, and each possesses their own dialect of Arabic. Lebanon was once the cradle of the ancient Phoenician civilization, which spread throughout North Africaand the islands of the Mediterranean Sea. One Phoenician settlement in present-day Tunisia was Carthage, which eventually became the center of the Punic Empire. The...
Mediterranean culture is not a culture in and of itself, but rather a series of commonalities among the peoples of the Mediterranean region. One of those commonalities is the diet of the Mediterranean peoples. The so-called Mediterranean diet largely consists of foods found in the region, including fresh vegetables, fish and seafood, grains like rice and lentils, poultry, eggs, cheese, yogurt, nuts, local herbs and spices, a moderate amount of wine, and plenty of water. One significant aspect of the Mediterranean diet is that it generally does not include much red meat. Many nutrition experts recommend the Mediterranean diet for health reasons. One other important aspect of the Mediterranean diet is that it is often enjoyed with family and friends. The Mediterranean diet, however, is not the only thing that is common among the peoples of the Mediterranean. In general, the peoples of the region also believe in being physically active, but naturally. In other words, integrating exerci...
Jun 16, 2021 · What 5 countries border the Mediterranean Sea? Following countries have a shoreline at the Mediterranean Sea: European countries: Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, and Greece. Western Asia (Middle East): Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and the Palestine Gaza Strip. What countries did the Romans rule? At its zenith, […]
- Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- Gibraltar. The Mediterranean country of Gibraltar has a demographic with statistics that will shock you like no other. The country has a population of just under 35,000 people, with the most recent headcount accounting for 34,846 people.
- Lebanon. In Lebanon, the architecture scene is worth experiencing in person at least once in your life. From mosques and synagogues, to churches and prayer centers, the religious diversity of the country heavily influences the buildings scattered throughout the country.
- Montenegro. The population of Montenegro registers as being people as of 2019. With a total area of 629,324 5,193 square miles, Montenegro is a country with only 0.01% of the global population within its physical boundaries.
Mar 31, 2020 · The Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by a narrow passage called the Strait of Gibraltar. The sea is almost completely surrounded by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Middle East. Does Portugal border the Mediterranean Sea? While Portugal is considered a Mediterranean country ...