The Roman historian and senator Tacitus referred to Christ, his execution by Pontius Pilate, and the existence of early Christians in Rome in his final work, Annals (written ca. AD 116), book 15, chapter 44. The context of the passage is the six-day Great Fire of Rome that burned much of the city in AD 64 during the reign of Roman Emperor Nero.
Jesus was born to a family from a village called Nazareth, near the Sea of Galilee. As he was growing up, Judaea was collapsing into chaos. Its population had split into hostile groups. Preachers ...
People also ask
Who was the Roman governor who executed Jesus?
Who was the Roman historian who mentioned Jesus?
Who was the man who ordered the crucifixion of Jesus?
Who was the ruler of Rome when Jesus was born?
Census of Quirinius. The Census of Quirinius was a census of Judea taken by Publius Sulpicius Quirinius, Roman governor of Syria, upon the imposition of direct Roman rule in 6 CE. The Gospel of Luke uses it as the narrative means to establish the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem ( Luke 2, Luke 2:1–5 ), but the Gospel of Matthew places the birth ...
- Rome in The Time of Jesus
- Jesus’ Threat to The Jews
- Jesus’ Threat to The Romans
- The Jews and Romans Collaborate
- The Christian Threat to Rome
- Why Does This Matter?
The days of the kings of Israel and Judah were long gone, with the last monarch of Judah blinded and carted off by Babylonian conquerors in 586 BC. Many of the Jews were taken into exile in Babylon. Some returned under an edict of King Cyrus of Persia in 538 BC that allowed them to rebuild Jerusalem, but Israel would remain under the rule of Persia, then Greece, then the Seleucids, with a brief period of relative freedom under the Maccabees before they were conquered by Rome in 63 BC. Caesar Augustuswas the self-chosen title of a man by the name of Octavian or Gaius Octavius. He was born in 63 BC and was adopted by his great uncle, Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar, dictator of Rome, famously attempted to set himself up as the supreme leader of the Roman Republic but was stabbed to death by the senators. Octavian took up Julius Caesar’s mantle at the age of only 18 and completed Rome’s transition once and for all from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Octavian was a brilliant state...
As might be expected, another kooky, wandering religious teacher meant little to the Romans. Rome was more focused on stamping out rebel factions that kept cropping up in Palestine. However, Jesus was seen as a major threat to the Jewish religious leaders. His seeming disregard for their religious laws was threatening enough, but this man went far beyond breaking social norms; He seemed to believe Himself to be God. Actions like offering the forgiveness of sins (Matthew 9:2), claiming salvation came only from Him (John 14:6) and calling God His Father made the strictly monotheistic Jewish leaders livid. John 5:18records, “For this reason they tried all the more to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.” Perhaps worst of all, people listened to Him. Thousands upon thousands came to be healed and hear Him teach. No matter how the religious leaders tried to trap Him with His own words, they failed. This...
Polytheistic Roman leaders didn’t care about what the Jews considered blasphemy. However, they took threats to Roman power seriously. Jesus was far from the only person gathering a following in Palestine during the first century, and Rome was more than happy to brutally put down any potential uprisings. This Roman dedication to quelling uprisings was not without cause. A few decades after Jesus’ death, major uprisings took place in Judea, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths and the eventual destruction of the Temple in AD 70. The area was notoriously prone to rebellion. Jesus had the dangerous ability to gather a crowd. Thousands at once came to hear Him speak. An especially poignant moment came when Jews from all over the world gathered in Jerusalem for the Passovercelebration, filling the city with crowds. When He rode into Jerusalem for the Passover — during which He would be betrayed and executed — the people shouted praises to Him, waved palm branches, and laid their cloak...
The story of Jesus’ arrest and trial(s) can be found in Matthew chapters 26-27, Mark chapters 14-15, Luke chapters 22-23, and John chapters 18-19. One of Jesus’ disciples, Judas, betrayed Him to the Jewish authorities, who surrounded Him in the garden of Gethsemane and had Him arrested. Jesus was first tried in front of the Jewish ruling council, the Sanhedrin, where He was found guilty of blasphemy, claiming to be the Son of God. For this, the Jews wished to put Him to death. However, the Jewish leaders were not authorized to perform executions (John 18:31). Thus, Jesus was taken to the Roman governor of Judea, Pontius Pilate. Interestingly, though history has given Pilate a reputation as a ruthless and bloody ruler, the Bible records that he was hesitant to have Jesus killed, not finding fault with Him. However, the people called for Jesus’ death, so Pilate handed Him over to be crucified, the typical punishment for rebellious slaves and suspected revolutionaries. Though Pilate ma...
If Jesus had stayed dead, the issue might have died there (pun intended). However, He, instead, came back to life and sparked a revolutionary new religion. It wasn’t until Christianity came on the scene that Jesus truly threatened Rome. Christians interrupted the status quo with their insistence on one God, flying in the face of the Roman pantheon, including emperor worship, and the enormous economy built around the temples. Christians pledged themselves to someone they considered greater than the emperor. Though much of the hatred for Christians came from misunderstandings (a common rumor was that Christians were cannibals, due to the practice of the Lord’s Supper), perhaps the suspicion and fear was not unfounded — within a few centuries, Christianity had spread throughout the Mediterranean, and the Roman Empire was no more, splintered into smaller entities.
At the time, Rome cared little about Jesus; He was just another potential revolutionary put to death. The Jews recognized more of just how powerful He was, but even they had no idea. None of them could have predicted that two thousand years later, the Temple would be but dust, the Roman Empire ancient history, but Jesus would be worshipped as Lord by billions around the world. ©iStock/Getty Images Plus/canbedone Alyssa Roat studied writing, theology, and the Bible at Taylor University. She is a literary agent at C.Y.L.E., the publicity manager at Mountain Brook Ink, and a freelance editor with Sherpa Editing Services. She is the co-author of Dear Hero and has 200+ bylines in publications ranging from The Christian Communicator to Keys for Kids. Find out more about her here and on social media @alyssawrote.
- Alyssa Roat
A Roman historian named Gaius Suetonius Tranquillas, who was the chief secretary of Emperor Hadrian and who had access to the imperial records, mentions Jesus in a section he wrote concerning the reign of Emperor Claudius. He refers to Christ using the variant spelling of "Chrestus."
Jesus was probably crucified on a “low tau ” type cross. “For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance; that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that He was buried, that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures” ( I Cor. 15:3-4 ).
Apr 01, 2015 · The obvious answer is that the Romans killed Jesus. After all, Jesus was condemned to die by Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea. Well, technically he was Prefect of Judea, which was equivalent to being a governor of a small and unimportant Roman administrative area (more important areas were ruled by a Governor, so we might call Pilate ...
Apr 04, 2015 · Jesus's death on the cross, though a singular event for Christians, was just one example of the Roman Empire's many gruesome, grisly and public tools of torture. Fri, Jun 11, 2021 LOGIN Subscribe
Apr 27, 2008 · The Jerusalem Post Customer Service Center can be contacted with any questions or requests: Telephone: *2421 * Extension 4 Jerusalem Post or 03-7619056 Fax: 03-5613699 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- related to: what did the romans call elche jesus