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  1. Phol­cus pha­lan­gioides is pale yel­low-brown ex­cept for a large gray patch in the cen­ter of the cephalotho­rax. The body and legs are al­most translu­cent. These spi­ders are cov­ered with fine gray hairs. The head is a darker color around the eyes. A translu­cent line marks the dor­sal ves­sel.

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    • Pholcus

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    • Description
    • Classification
    • Diet
    • Life Cycle
    • Special Adaptations and Defenses
    • Range and Distribution

    If you haven't guessed already, pholcid spiders often take up residence in basements, sheds, garages, and other similar structures. They construct irregular, stringy webs (another way to differentiate them from harvestman, which doesn't produce silk). Most (but not all) cellar spiders have legs that are disproportionately long for their bodies. The...

    Kingdom – Animalia Phylum – Arthropoda Class – Arachnida Order – Araneae Infraorder - Araneomorphae Family - Pholcidae

    Cellar spiders prey on insects and other spiders and are particularly fond of eating ants. They are highly sensitive to vibrations and will close in on an unsuspecting arthropod rapidly if it happens to wander into its web. Cellar spiders have also been observed purposely vibrating the webs of other spiders, as a tricky way of luring in a meal.

    Female cellar spiders wrap their eggs loosely in silk to form a rather flimsy but effective egg sac. The mother pholcid carries the egg sac in her jaws. Like all spiders, the young spiderlings hatch from their eggs looking similar to adults. They molt their skin as they grow into adults.

    When they feel threatened, cellar spiders will vibrate their webs rapidly, presumably to confuse or deter the predator. It's unclear whether this makes the pholcid more difficult to see or catch, but it's a strategy that seems to work for the cellar spider. Some people refer to them as vibrating spiders because of this habit. Cellar spiders are als...

    Worldwide, there are nearly 900 species of cellar spiders, with most living in the tropics. Just 34 species live in North America (north of Mexico), and some of these were introduced. Cellar spiders are most often associated with human dwellings, but also inhabit caves, leaf litter, rock piles, and other protected natural environments.

  2. Pholcus phalangioides, commonly known as the cosmopolitan cellar spider, long-bodied cellar spider or one of various types called a daddy long-legs spider, is a spider of the family Pholcidae. It is also known as the skull spider, since its cephalothorax is said to resemble a human skull. This is the only spider species described by the Swiss ...

    • P. phalangioides
    • Pholcus
  3. Nov 17, 2023 · Size: Females are approximately 0.35 inches (9 mm) with 2.7 inches (7cm) leg span, while males are comparatively smaller, around 0.23 inches (6 mm). Color: They have a yellowish-brown body with a big, gray patch at the middle of their cephalothorax. Their body and legs are translucent with grey hairs all over.

    • Asia, Europe, Africa, South America
    • Large, irregular
    • Daddy long-legs spider, Skull spider
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  5. Jan 4, 2022 · The elongated, tubular shape of the abdomen gave the Long-bodied Cellar Spider its common name. The rounded bottom and tapered waist could almost pass for the top of a skull and tapered jawline, giving rise to a second common name, Skull Spider.

  6. Cellar Spiders. Scientific Name. Pholcus, Psilochorus, and others in the Pholcid family. Family. Pholcidae (cellar spiders) in order Araneae (spiders) Description. Cellar spiders are inconspicuous, harmless, fragile spiders with extremely long, thin legs. The tarsi (“feet”) are flexible, adding to the wispy impression they give.

  7. Feb 6, 2018 · Today’s client? The long-bodied cellar spider, Pholcus phalangioides. These things are, let’s admit, a bit creepy both in appearance and in habits. With a body length ranging up to nearly half ...

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