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  1. The chemical formula of ammonia is NH 3 _3 3 start subscript, 3, end subscript, which tells us that in a single molecule of ammonia, there is one nitrogen atom, and three hydrogen atoms. The structure of a covalent compound can be depicted through space-filling models as well as ball-and-stick models.

  2. Every member of the class of paraffin hydrocarbons is, for example, composed of hydrogen and carbon, the number of hydrogen atoms always being two or more than twice the number of carbon atoms. Given that n stands for “any number,” the general formula of this class is therefore C n H 2n + 2.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Jul 7, 2021 · We could write the chemical formula for this ionic compound as \(\ce{MgClCl}\), but the convention is to use a numerical subscript when there is more than one ion of a given type—\(\ce{MgCl2}\). This chemical formula says that there are one magnesium ion and two chloride ions in this formula.

  4. Jan 22, 2019 · A number within a formula means multiples of the element (or groups of elements) to the left of the number. So the formula for copper hydroxide Cu(OH) 2 is read as: 1 x Cu + 2 x (O+H) or Cu + 2 x O + 2 x H. A more complex formula, such as ammonium sulfate (NH 4) 2 SO 4, is read as: 2 x (N + (4 x H)) + 1 x S + 4 x O or 2 x N + 8 x H + S + 4 x O

  5. Aug 19, 2022 · To determine a molecular formula, first determine the empirical formula for the compound as shown in the section above and then determine the molecular mass experimentally. Next, divide the molecular mass by the molar mass of the empirical formula (calculated by finding the sum the total atomic masses of all the elements in the empirical formula).

  6. Aug 11, 2019 · A chemical formula is an expression that states the number and type of atoms present in a molecule of a substance. The type of atom is given using element symbols. The number of atoms is indicated by a subscript following the element symbol.

  7. We know that the formula to calculate the molarity of a substance is M = n/V (n = moles, and V = volume of the solution). Rearranging the formula to make 'V' the subject allows us to figure out that V = n/M .

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