Example of authoritarian government
- Examples of authoritarian regimes, according to some scholars, include the pro-Western military dictatorships that existed in Latin America and elsewhere in the second half of the 20th century.
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Apr 17, 2020 · Some examples of authoritarian governments include the regimes in China, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran. In an authoritarian political system, control is held by a single ruler or small group. Authoritarian governments do not permit freedom of speech and look to control every aspect of the daily lives of their citizens.
Oct 15, 2020 · Authoritarianism is a political regime that abuses its authority and imposes itself on power without a consensus on the part of the people. This type of system can be under the command of a tyrant, an absolute monarch, military governments, an elite leader or a foreign economic power, which suppresses all human rights.
- Examples of Authoritarianismyoutube.com
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Examples of authoritarian regimes, according to some scholars, include the pro-Western military dictatorships that existed in Latin America and elsewhere in the second half of the 20th century. This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager.
Authoritarianism is considered a core concept of fascism and scholars agree that a fascist regime is foremost an authoritarian form of government, although not all authoritarian regimes are fascist. While authoritarianism is a defining characteristic of fascism, scholars argue that more distinguishing traits are needed to make an authoritarian ...
- Communism. Communismis a system of state ownership of all capital. Ostensibly "the people" own all capital but in practice all capital is controlled by a bureaucratic elite.
- Oligarchy. An oligarchy is a societythat places power in the hands of a few. As with any system that distributes power extremely unevenly, this tends to be unpopular such that it would tend to face resistance.
- Autocracy. Autocracy is control of society by a single individual or party. As with an oligarchy, his creates significant opposition such that historical and current examples of autocratic power structures typically rely on authoritarianism to sustain their power.
- Partial Democracy. A full democracy is more than just voting for leadership as it requires political participation such as freedom of speech, freedom of association, freedom of movement, freedom of thought, freedom of the press, freedom of conscience & religion and the right to run for public office.
- Merits of Authoritarianism
- Demerits of Authoritarianism
- Authoritarianism and Gender
Human societies have exercised authoritarianism throughout history. Most, if not all, of the kingdoms in the ancient world exercised authoritarianism where the monarch wielded complete and absolute power and made all decisions regarding the governance of the kingdoms. These monarchs would use manipulation or even force to make their subjects follow the set laws and rules. However, the modern form of authoritarianism has its roots in Slavic monarchs which ruled over East Europe in the 17th, 18th, and 19thcenturies. These monarchs practiced authoritarianism to distinguish themselves from the constitutional monarchs which ruled over other parts of Europe such as Great Britain. Lewin, Lippitt, and White were the first scholars to describe the “authoritarianism” system of governance in 1938 and distinguished it from a democratic system of governance.
There are several characteristics which define an authoritarian form of leadership. One characteristic is that the leader has absolute power in the running of a country or organization. As a result of having absolute power, the leader’s decisions are final and cannot be compromised. The decision-making process is therefore direct since the leader requires little or no counsel or advice beforehand. The decision-making process in an authoritarian system is rigid and wholly reliant on the wishes of the leader. The subjects or subordinates have limited input in the operation of the organization or country. In most cases, the leader will use coercion, manipulation, or brutal force to make his subordinates or subjects meet the leader’s objectives. In an authoritarian system, leaders do not trust their subjects and feel that the subjects can only be controlled. The legitimacy of an authoritarian government is primarily based on emotion, where subjects identify the leadership as the remedy...
While the term “authoritarianism” has negative connotations in history, there are also numerous advantages to authoritarian leadership. One of the merits of authoritarianism is the streamlining of the decision-making process which allows decisions to be made quickly, an advantage that is best portrayed in urgent circumstances such as in military operations where decisions are required to be made quickly. A streamlined decision-making process saves time used in consultations. Another merit of having an authoritarian leadership is close and strict oversight from the leader which prevents the subordinates and subjects from making careless mistakes or slacking off when discharging their duties. Close oversight results in increased productivity among workers and high-quality work. Since the leader in an authoritarian system commands great respect from the followers, and the subjects are careful not to go against the leader’s directives. By being the sole decision-maker, the leader is rel...
Since authoritarianism is associated with dictatorship and oppressive regimes, the demerits of the system are well known and make it not an ideal system of leadership in any country. One disadvantage of an authoritarian system is that it suppresses the imagination and creativity of the subjects in an organization or country. Inputs of citizens are beneficial to the leader, but authoritarianism is an action which dehumanizes the subjects who must take instruction from the leader without question. The motivation for working in such a setting is usually low as the subjects are rarely appreciated, with the leader taking all credit for the achievements of the entire organization.
Anti-authoritarianism is the opposite of authoritarianism. Unlike authoritarianism, anti-authoritarianism is characterized by the belief in full equality of persons before the law and civil liberties. Anti-authoritarianism shares numerous characteristics with anarchism. Anti-authoritarianism prescribes for free thought where people are encouraged to express opinions which are based on reason and logic and not restricted by tradition, religious beliefs, or authority in a process known as freethinking. Anti-authoritarianism is also characterized by the sharing of opinions and voluntary subordination, whereby a person is allowed to seek counsel from professionals since such individuals have more experience and knowledge in their respective fields while reserving one’s right for criticism. The mid-20th century saw the emergence of an anti-authoritarianism movement in the West, in the aftermath of the Second World War. The wave of anti-authoritarianism which swept through Europe and the...
There exists a correlation between authoritarianism and gender inequality, a revelation that was established in a study conducted by Brandt and Henry. The study established that gender inequality was rife in societies where citizens had authoritarian beliefs. In such societies, women had few (if any) leadership positions, and all leadership traits such as imagination or independence were repressed from manifesting in women. In these authoritarian societies, men held leadership positions while women occupied extremely few dominant societal roles. The study also found that authoritarian beliefs were not only expressed by the dominant gender in society but were shared by both the male and female population in such societies, regardless of the gender being oppressed.
- Joseph Kiprop
Nov 26, 2017 · These are the barriers to any discussion about President Trump and his nosedive into authoritarianism. We are hard-wired to associate words like “autocrat” with Hitler and Stalin, to recall images of military coups and mowed-down protestors when hearing words like “authoritarianism.”
- List of The Advantages of Authoritarian Government
- List of The Disadvantages of Authoritarian Government
- A Final Thought on Authoritarian Governments
1. It has the capacity to produce consistent results nationwide. Authoritarian leaders work hard to create solutions that benefit everyone in their working group because any success that happens is credited to them. There are no leadership voids that take place because this leader can move the government structures to where they need to be. The directions that are given by the person in charge can then be implemented to create measurable results over time. An authoritarian government can thrive when it has the chance to provide task assignments, create certain deadlines, and provide control through consistent application across the country. Even if some the actions are fear-based or potentially unnecessary, leaders who are seen taking action will often be praised for their efforts. 2. It saves time during the decision-making process. Authoritarian governments work from a centralized system where there is one person or a legislative group responsible for the decisions that get made....
1. Authoritarian governments want to stay in power indefinitely. The goal of an authoritarian government is the same as any other form of dictatorship that exists in the world today. It has the top priority of keeping the leadership in charge of governing while they work to build policies that reflect what they want to see for the overall economy. These actions are often done with good intentions, but the end result usually causes someone to be hurt by the changes made. It is not unusual for the various changes made in each community to be politically motivated as well. Even if the benefits of change would only apply to a small minority of the population, authoritarians will invest resources to make such an effort if it will reinforce their position with their support base. 2. Authoritarian governments invite rebellion in society. There is a reason why corporate managers who are seen as being authoritarian are routinely viewed by their staff as being controlling, bossy, and microman...
Authoritarian governments on their own are not “good” or “bad” by design. Their structure works to help those in charge distribute resources, encourage growth, and provide access when needed to provide assistance to the many. The only problem with this approach is that it often comes at the expense of the minority groups in that society. It is much easier to create conflict by pitting the majority who feels ignored with those who receive “special” benefits as a way to stay in power compared to other dictatorial methods. The problem that you will discover in these authoritarian government pros and cons is that even with all of the potential benefits which are possible, innovation struggles in this structure. Because everything flows from a central structure to the rest of society, it takes more effort to communicate expectations. There isn’t a guarantee that the best practices developed in one region will apply to others. An authoritarian government assumes that all demographics are...