- The military regime of Augusto Pinochet in Chile (1973-1990)
- The government of Francisco Franco in Spain (1939-1959).
- The dictatorship in North Korea started in 1984 that continues since 2011 with Kim Jong-un.
- The dictatorship started in Zimbabwe in 1980 that continues since 2017 with Emmerson Mnangagwa.
People also ask
What countries are under an authoritarian regime?
How to survive an authoritarian government?
What are the three types of authoritarian government?
What is the difference between authoritarian and totalitarian?
Oct 15, 2020 · Examples of authoritarian regimes. The government of Francisco Franco in Spain (1939-1959). The dictatorship in North Korea started in 1984 that continues since 2011 with Kim Jong-un. The dictatorship started in Zimbabwe in 1980 that continues since 2017 with Emmerson Mnangagwa.
Apr 17, 2020 · By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 17, 2020 6:51:20 AM ET. SOE THAN WIN/Getty Images. Some examples of authoritarian governments include the regimes in China, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran. In an authoritarian political system, control is held by a single ruler or small group. Authoritarian governments do not permit freedom of speech and look to control every aspect of the daily lives of their citizens.
- Merits of Authoritarianism
- Demerits of Authoritarianism
- Authoritarianism and Gender
Human societies have exercised authoritarianism throughout history. Most, if not all, of the kingdoms in the ancient world exercised authoritarianism where the monarch wielded complete and absolute power and made all decisions regarding the governance of the kingdoms. These monarchs would use manipulation or even force to make their subjects follow the set laws and rules. However, the modern form of authoritarianism has its roots in Slavic monarchs which ruled over East Europe in the 17th, 18th, and 19thcenturies. These monarchs practiced authoritarianism to distinguish themselves from the constitutional monarchs which ruled over other parts of Europe such as Great Britain. Lewin, Lippitt, and White were the first scholars to describe the “authoritarianism” system of governance in 1938 and distinguished it from a democratic system of governance.
There are several characteristics which define an authoritarian form of leadership. One characteristic is that the leader has absolute power in the running of a country or organization. As a result of having absolute power, the leader’s decisions are final and cannot be compromised. The decision-making process is therefore direct since the leader requires little or no counsel or advice beforehand. The decision-making process in an authoritarian system is rigid and wholly reliant on the wishes of the leader. The subjects or subordinates have limited input in the operation of the organization or country. In most cases, the leader will use coercion, manipulation, or brutal force to make his subordinates or subjects meet the leader’s objectives. In an authoritarian system, leaders do not trust their subjects and feel that the subjects can only be controlled. The legitimacy of an authoritarian government is primarily based on emotion, where subjects identify the leadership as the remedy...
While the term “authoritarianism” has negative connotations in history, there are also numerous advantages to authoritarian leadership. One of the merits of authoritarianism is the streamlining of the decision-making process which allows decisions to be made quickly, an advantage that is best portrayed in urgent circumstances such as in military operations where decisions are required to be made quickly. A streamlined decision-making process saves time used in consultations. Another merit of having an authoritarian leadership is close and strict oversight from the leader which prevents the subordinates and subjects from making careless mistakes or slacking off when discharging their duties. Close oversight results in increased productivity among workers and high-quality work. Since the leader in an authoritarian system commands great respect from the followers, and the subjects are careful not to go against the leader’s directives. By being the sole decision-maker, the leader is rel...
Since authoritarianism is associated with dictatorship and oppressive regimes, the demerits of the system are well known and make it not an ideal system of leadership in any country. One disadvantage of an authoritarian system is that it suppresses the imagination and creativity of the subjects in an organization or country. Inputs of citizens are beneficial to the leader, but authoritarianism is an action which dehumanizes the subjects who must take instruction from the leader without question. The motivation for working in such a setting is usually low as the subjects are rarely appreciated, with the leader taking all credit for the achievements of the entire organization.
Anti-authoritarianism is the opposite of authoritarianism. Unlike authoritarianism, anti-authoritarianism is characterized by the belief in full equality of persons before the law and civil liberties. Anti-authoritarianism shares numerous characteristics with anarchism. Anti-authoritarianism prescribes for free thought where people are encouraged to express opinions which are based on reason and logic and not restricted by tradition, religious beliefs, or authority in a process known as freethinking. Anti-authoritarianism is also characterized by the sharing of opinions and voluntary subordination, whereby a person is allowed to seek counsel from professionals since such individuals have more experience and knowledge in their respective fields while reserving one’s right for criticism. The mid-20th century saw the emergence of an anti-authoritarianism movement in the West, in the aftermath of the Second World War. The wave of anti-authoritarianism which swept through Europe and the...
There exists a correlation between authoritarianism and gender inequality, a revelation that was established in a study conducted by Brandt and Henry. The study established that gender inequality was rife in societies where citizens had authoritarian beliefs. In such societies, women had few (if any) leadership positions, and all leadership traits such as imagination or independence were repressed from manifesting in women. In these authoritarian societies, men held leadership positions while women occupied extremely few dominant societal roles. The study also found that authoritarian beliefs were not only expressed by the dominant gender in society but were shared by both the male and female population in such societies, regardless of the gender being oppressed.
- Communism. Communismis a system of state ownership of all capital. Ostensibly "the people" own all capital but in practice all capital is controlled by a bureaucratic elite.
- Oligarchy. An oligarchy is a societythat places power in the hands of a few. As with any system that distributes power extremely unevenly, this tends to be unpopular such that it would tend to face resistance.
- Autocracy. Autocracy is control of society by a single individual or party. As with an oligarchy, his creates significant opposition such that historical and current examples of autocratic power structures typically rely on authoritarianism to sustain their power.
- Partial Democracy. A full democracy is more than just voting for leadership as it requires political participation such as freedom of speech, freedom of association, freedom of movement, freedom of thought, freedom of the press, freedom of conscience & religion and the right to run for public office.
Jun 05, 2020 · Early examples of totalitarian states include Germany under Adolf Hitler and Italy under Benito Mussolini. More recent examples of totalitarian states include Iraq under Saddam Hussein and North Korea under Kim Jong-un.
As this example demonstrates, configurations on individual nations often seem to be responsible for the development of a new type and less logically-designed patterns based on fixed characteristics. Thus, the creation of an appropriate typology of the variety of authoritarian systems remains a research task.
Authoritarianism is considered a core concept of fascism and scholars agree that a fascist regime is foremost an authoritarian form of government, although not all authoritarian regimes are fascist. While authoritarianism is a defining characteristic of fascism, scholars argue that more distinguishing traits are needed to make an authoritarian ...
authoritarian regimes face different propensities to survive and to develop towards democracy. Hence an institutional attribute the nature of the authoritarian regime in question deserves to be added to the list of democracy’s essential preconditions. In particular, one regime type—the limited multiparty system—stands out as the prime
- related to: what is an example of authoritarian regime for a certain
us.sprask.com has been visited by 100K+ users in the past month