The stability of the PIP joint is dependent of the tendons passing around it. Clinical significance. Rheumatoid arthritis generally spares the distal interphalangeal joints. Therefore, arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joints strongly suggests the presence of osteoarthritis or psoriatic arthritis. See also
Nov 08, 2019 · Hinge joints allow bones to move in one direction back and forth, much like the hinge on a door. This article looks at their anatomy and function and includes an interactive diagram.
Jul 08, 2021 · The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients who had an intra-articular corticosteroid injection into the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint for the treatment of arthritis within the 3 months before CMC joint arthroplasty or arthrodesis were at increased risk for wound complication/infection and/or repeat surgery for wound complication/infection in comparison with patients who ...
Aug 13, 2018 · Proximal Interphalangeal (PIP) Joint: On the distal end, or head of a proximal phalanx, there is another articular surface for the base of the middle phalanges . However, the thumb is an exception, as it doesn’t have a middle phalanx, so the proximal phalanx head directly articulates with the distal phalanx  .
Sep 16, 2021 · Interphalangeal joints are between the phalanges of the foot. The great toe has only one interphalangeal joint, while the other four toes have a proximal (PIP) and a distal (DIP) interphalangeal joint. Muscles of the foot. Foot muscles contribute to eversion and inversion of foot, movements of the toes, as well as plantar flexion and dorsiflexion.
Other hinge joints of the body include the knee, ankle, and interphalangeal joints between the phalanges of the fingers and toes. Condyloid Joint. At a condyloid joint (ellipsoid joint), the shallow depression at the end of one bone articulates with a rounded structure from an adjacent bone or bones (see Figure 9.4.3e). The knuckle ...
Bouchard's nodes are hard, bony outgrowths or gelatinous cysts on the proximal interphalangeal joints (the middle joints of fingers or toes). They are seen in osteoarthritis, where they are caused by formation of calcific spurs of the articular (joint) cartilage.