Russian Baroque Architecture Russia was a land of mystery for the western world because it was so distant from the rest of Europe— it always had strong local characteristics which created unique...
Baroque architecture in Russia since the Great Reformer was in many respects eclectic buildings, with a passion for classicism and gothic antiquity. To reduce all the diversity of the decisions of Peter the architects to this style is possible only with a fair degree of convention.
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Though after the neoclassical look was completed, as one of the initial cities in Russia that have a European style architecture, St. Petersburg illustrated the connections and involvement with Western Europe that “convey the image of great European power”, (Brumfield,5,15).
Jun 13, 2019 · Baroque architecture is a construction style that began in the 16th century during the Baroque era. This type of construction adopted the Roman way of architecture but instead modernized it to a new fashion with an aim to show the might of the Roman Catholic Church.
Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style which appeared in Italy in the early 17th century and gradually spread across Europe.It was originally introduced by the Catholic Church, particularly by the Jesuits, as a means to combat the Reformation and the Protestant church with a new architecture that inspired surprise and awe.
- late 16th–18th centuries
architecture, the two most popular types of architectural commissions during the Baroque era involved either churches or palaces. In their different versions they respectively included cathedrals, parish churches, and monastic buildings, and town and country mansions, and above all royal palaces,
Aug 12, 2019 · Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style that appeared in Italy in the early 17th century and gradually spread across Europe.It was originally introduced by the Catholic Church, particularly by the Jesuits, as a means to combat the Reformation and the Protestant church with a new architecture that inspired surprise and awe.
When Catherine the Great seized power in Russia in 1762, she rejected the baroque tastes of her predecessors in favor of Neoclassicism. The finest buildings and interiors of her reign were by the Scottish architect, Charles Cameron. Cameron was invited to Russia by Catherine on the strength of his book on Roman baths, and the Agate Pavilion was ...
- Peter The Great Destroyed The Russian Style
- Back to Basics
- Russian Style in Architecture
- Modern Russian Style
Peter the Great, having studied in Europe and established diplomatic and friendly ties with it, back home decided to get rid of everything “authentically” Russian: he waged an almost open war on everything archaic and medieval in Russia, zealously trying to make the country more modern and more European. The tsar invited Italian architects to build palaces instead of wooden quarters, forced boyars to wear European dress instead of traditional kaftans, to shave off their long beards and wear powdered wigs. Over the next two centuries, his heirs developed the idea of a “progressive Russia”. Even traditional church architecture was replaced in the 17th-18th centuries by European Baroque. Peter may have been able to control the nobility and official architecture in the capital, however, in the rest of the country, ordinary people and traditional crafts continued pretty much as before. The authorities did not try to interfere with the styles of painting on distaffs or to regulate the pat...
The Russian style may not have survived until the present day had it not been revived in the second half of the 19th century by the nobility, who - in search of a national idea and identity - had turned to their “roots”. Elements of primitive folk style came into fashion, while high society became interested in the life of common folk. In no small part, this trend was boosted by the Peredvizhniki(Itinerant) artists, who depicted the harsh reality of peasants' everyday life. In addition, at the turn of the 20th century, there emerged an artistic movement Mir Iskusstva (World of Art), which sought to express authentically Russian motifs in visual arts. A fertile source of inspiration for it were Russian fairy tales, which is particularly evident in works by Viktor Vasnetsov. In the world of book illustrations, the best-known example of the Russian style were fairy tale graphics by Ivan Bilibin. Russian bogatyrs and beauties in kokoshniks became popular images in marketing and trade, a...
But, of course, the Russian style found its most evident expression in architecture. It was particularly favoured by Emperor Alexander III, a reactionary and champion of traditional values. He was often compared to a Russian bear, while his spade beard presented a stark contrast with the elegant thin moustaches of his predecessors. It was Alexander III who approved the construction of the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood in St. Petersburg in the so-called Pseudo-Russian style, with its colored domes and mosaics. The building, so much at variance with the general look and feel of Peter the Great's imperial city, was built in 1883-1907 and is very similar to Moscow's St. Basil's Cathedral, which was built in the 16th century. The architectural style which is commonly known as the Pseudo-Russian style has many examples in Moscow too. In the 19th century, the building of the Historical Museum was constructed next to the Kremlin, designed by architect Vladimir Sherwood. In order to...
The 2000s saw yet another revival of the traditional Russian style that could be described as neo-historicism. In the Moscow estate of Kolomenskoye, the wooden terem of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, father of Peter the Great, was restored according to old sketches. In the Izmaylovo Park, an Izmaylovsky Kremlin entertainment complex was built in a style imitating Russian architecture of the 16th-17th centuries. Traditional Russian motifs have inspired businesses too: in the provinces there are hotels inviting visitors to stay in a traditional Russian hut or try a Russian banya. In recent years, more and more Russian restaurants have opened, offering both traditional Russian cuisine and a modern re-imaginingof familiar products and recipes. One of the most famous Russian-style restaurant chains, MariVanna, has branches in London, New York, Moscow, and Baku and promises its customers a “genuine Russian spirit”. Fashion designers, both internationally famous ones as well as their lesser-kno...