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- Dictionaryfilm noir/ˌfilm ˈnwär/
- 1. a style or genre of cinematographic film marked by a mood of pessimism, fatalism, and menace. The term was originally applied (by a group of French critics) to American thriller or detective films made in the period 1944–54 and to the work of directors such as Orson Welles, Fritz Lang, and Billy Wilder.
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Film noir (/ nwɑːr /; French: [film nwaʁ]) is a cinematic term used primarily to describe stylish Hollywood crime dramas, particularly those that emphasize cynical attitudes and sexual motivations. The 1930s, 1940s and 1950s are generally regarded as the "classic period" of American film noir.
- Origins of Film Noir
- Film Noir Characteristics
- Top Film Noir Movies
- Legacy of Film Noir
Unlike other stylistic genres, film noir was not a genre that filmmakers of the classic Hollywood era set out to make. In fact, films in the so-called film noir style had been popular for six years before French film critic Nino Frank coined the term in 1946. Frank used the term to describe lower-budget "dark film" crime dramas released by Hollywood studios. While the "gangster film" had existed since at least D.W. Griffith's 1912 shortThe Musketeers of Pig Alley, the specific style and presentation of film noir was new. Film noir emerged from the popularity of American hard-boiled crime fiction novels—low-cost, entertaining paperbacks popular in the 1930s. The popularity of these books, written by authors like Raymond Chandler, caught the attention of Hollywood. In fact, Chandler and other crime novelists found work writing film screenplays in the 1940s.
Because the category emerged aftermany film noir movies had been created, there is no universally agreed upon definition of film noir. However, there are some key elements that can be found in most examples of the genre.
Notably, many Hollywood films of the 1940s and 1950s, including classics like Citizen Kane and Casablanca, have stylistic and narrative similarities to film noir, yet scholars and critics generally consider them outside of film noir. The following list contains some of the most well-known movies in the film noir genre.
Because the style of film noir is specifically tied to a particular era, the genre is considered to have formally ended in the 1950s. However, hundreds of films have since embraced elements of film noir. More recent films influenced by film noir include Blade Runner (1982), L.A. Confidential (1997), The Big Lewbowski (1998), Sin City (2005), and Blade Runner 2049(2017). These movies are often labeled "neo-noir" for reproducing key elements of the film noir style.
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Film noir, (French: “dark film”) style of filmmaking characterized by such elements as cynical heroes, stark lighting effects, frequent use of flashbacks, intricate plots, and an underlying existentialist philosophy. The genre was prevalent mostly in American crime dramas of the post- World War II era. Out of the Past
Aug 29, 2019 · Film noir is a stylized genre of film marked by pessimism, fatalism, and cynicism. The term was originally used in France after WWII, to describe American thriller or detective films in the 1940s and 50s. Though, Hollywood’s film noir stretches back to the 1920s.
During and immediately following World War II, movie audiences responded to this fresh, vivid, adult-oriented type of film as did many writers, directors, cameramen and actors eager to bring a more mature world-view to Hollywood product. Largely fueled by the financial and artistic success of Billy Wilders adaptation of James M. Cains novella Double Indemnity (1944), the studios began cranking out crime thrillers and murder dramas with a particularly dark and venomous view of existence.
In 1946 a Paris retrospective of American films embargoed during the war clearly revealed this trend toward visibly darker, more cynical crime melodramas. It was noted by several Gallic critics who christened this new type of Hollywood product film noir, or black film, in literal translation.
Few, if any of the artists in Hollywood who made these films called them noir at the time. But the vivid co-mingling of lost innocence, doomed romanticism, hard-edged cynicism, desperate desire, and shadowy sexuality that was unleashed in those immediate post-war years proved hugely influential, both among industry peers in the original era, and to future generation of storytellers, both literary and cinematic.
Noir or film noir, is more than just a French term. Noir is used to describe a period of American films. Some will argue that noir is and only is, a period in American film. Therefore, nothing after this period can be considered noir.
Jan 30, 1995 · Film noir is . . . 1. A French term meaning "black film," or film of the night, inspired by the Series Noir, a line of cheap paperbacks that translated hard-boiled American crime authors and found a popular audience in France. 2. A movie which at no time misleads you into thinking there is going to be a happy ending. 3.
Oct 21, 2016 · Film noir literally translates to black film in French. Though darkly themed narratives spawned the namesake, many noir films are notably high contrast and shot on black-and-white film.
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