- The World Health Organization (WHO) recognises disability as a global public health issue, a human rights issue and a development priority.
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- Disability ─ A Public Health Issue
- Barriers to Healthcare
- Disability Inclusion in The Health Sector
- Who Response
- United Nations Disability Inclusive Strategy
Over 1 billion people are estimated to live with some form of disability. This corresponds to about 15% of the world's population, with up to 190 million (3.8%) people aged 15 years and older having significant difficulties in functioning, often requiring healthcare services. The number of people living with disability is increasing, in part due to ageing populations and an increase in chronic health conditions. Disability is extremely diverse. While some health conditions associated with disability result in poor health and extensive healthcare needs, others do not. However, all people with disability have the same general healthcare needs as everyone else, and therefore need access to mainstream healthcare services. Article 25 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)reinforces the right of persons with disability to attain the highest standard of healthcare, without discrimination. However, the reality is that few countries provide adequate quality se...
People with disability encounter a range of barriers when they attempt to access healthcare including the following: 1. Prohibitive costs Affordability of health services and transportation are two main reasons why people with disability do not receive much needed healthcare in low-income countries. Just over half of people with disability are unable to afford healthcare compared to about a third of people without disability. 2. Limited availability of services There is a lack of appropriate services for people with disability. Many studies reveal high unmet needs for healthcare among people with disability due to unavailability of services, especially in rural and remote areas. 3. Physical barriers Uneven access to buildings (hospitals, health centers), inaccessible medical equipment, poor signage, narrow doorways, internal steps, inadequate bathroom facilities, and inaccessible parking areas create barriers to healthcare facilities. For example, women with mobility difficulties ar...
Very often, disability is not perceived as a public health issue. Therefore, action is not taken towards disability inclusion in the health sector, which is also often overlooked in national disability strategies and action plans to implement and monitor the CRPD. Thus, disability inclusion in the health sector remains a breach in countries’ health agendas. Ministries of Health need to commit towards disability inclusion. This involves action to achieve equity for people with disability in three areas: 1. access to effective health services, 2. protection during health emergencies, and, 3. access to cross-sectorial public health interventions, such as water, sanitation and hygiene services to achieve highest attainable standard of health. Governments can improve health outcomes for people with disability by improving access to quality, affordable healthcare services, which make the best use of available resources. As several factors interact to inhibit access to healthcare, reforms...
In order to improve access to health services for people with disability, WHO: 1. guides and supports Member States to increase awareness of disability issues, and promotes the inclusion of disability as a component in national health policies and programmes; 2. facilitates data collection and dissemination of disability-related data and information; 3. develops normative tools, including guidelines to strengthen healthcare; 4. builds capacity among health policymakers and service providers; 5. promotes scaling up of CBR; 6. promotes strategies to ensure that people with disability are knowledgeable about their own health conditions, and that health-care personnel support and protect the rights and dignity of persons with disability.
In June 2019, the UN Disability Inclusion Strategy (UNDIS) was launched by the UN Secretary-General to promote ‘sustainable and transformative progress on disability inclusion through all pillars of the work of the United Nations’. This strategy requires all UN agencies to ensure that disability inclusion is consistently and systematically mainstreamed into all aspects of work. WHO welcomes UNDIS and is currently preparing a comprehensive WHO Policy on Disability and Action Plan, committing WHO to become an organization inclusive of people with disabilities in all their diversity and to systematically integrate disability in all programmatic areas, including at the country-level.
International Disability Alliance We are an Alliance of 14 global and regional organisations of persons with disabilities. We advocate at the United Nations for a more inclusive global environment for everyone. WHO WE ARE WHAT WE STAND FOR
The International C/rlssification of Impairments, Disabilities. and Handicaps (ICIDH), developed in the 1970s, was issued by the World Health Organization in 1980 as a tool for the classification of the consequences of disease (as well as of injuries and other disorders) and of their implications for the lives of individuals.
Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) is a development strategy that is currently implemented in over 90 countries throughout the world to address the needs of people with disabilities and their family members. CBR aims to provide rehabilitation, reduce poverty, equalize opportunities and promote the inclusion of disabled people in their communities.
Jun 13, 2011 · The World Health Organization (WHO) and The World Bank have presented a new global estimate concerning the numbers of People with Disabilities in the world. While prior estimates had placed our numbers in the hundreds of millions, the WHO now states that there are around One-Billion People with Disabilities on Planet Earth.
Consistent with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) model of social determinants of health, 3 Healthy People 2020 recognizes that what defines individuals with disabilities, their abilities, and their health outcomes more often depends on their community, including social and environmental circumstances. To be healthy, all individuals with or without disabilities must have opportunities to take part in meaningful daily activities that add to their growth, development, fulfillment, and ...
National Adult Day Services Association14— Adult day services centers serve as an emerging provider of transitional care and short-term rehabilitation following hospital discharge. NADSA is a leadi...
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Sep 28, 2018 · American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) is a convener, connector, and catalyst for change, increasing the political and economic power of people with disabilities. American Council of the Blind
The World Health Organization (WHO) recognises disability as a global public health issue, a human rights issue and a development priority. WHO recognises ‘disability’ as “an umbrella term for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions, denoting the negative aspects of the interaction between an individual (with a health condition) and that individual’s contextual (environmental and personal) factors.