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  1. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and ... › standards › classifications

    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, known more commonly as ICF, is a classification of health and health-related domains. As the functioning and disability of an individual occurs in a context, ICF also includes a list of environmental factors.

  2. After ten years of international revision efforts coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Health Assembly on May 22, 2001, approved the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and its abbreviation of “ICF.”

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  4. Disability and health - World Health Organization › detail › disability-and-health
    • Disability ─ A Public Health Issue
    • Barriers to Healthcare
    • Disability Inclusion in The Health Sector
    • Who Response
    • United Nations Disability Inclusive Strategy

    Over 1 billion people are estimated to live with some form of disability. This corresponds to about 15% of the world's population, with up to 190 million (3.8%) people aged 15 years and older having significant difficulties in functioning, often requiring healthcare services. The number of people living with disability is increasing, in part due to ageing populations and an increase in chronic health conditions. Disability is extremely diverse. While some health conditions associated with disability result in poor health and extensive healthcare needs, others do not. However, all people with disability have the same general healthcare needs as everyone else, and therefore need access to mainstream healthcare services. Article 25 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)reinforces the right of persons with disability to attain the highest standard of healthcare, without discrimination. However, the reality is that few countries provide adequate quality se...

    People with disability encounter a range of barriers when they attempt to access healthcare including the following: 1. Prohibitive costs Affordability of health services and transportation are two main reasons why people with disability do not receive much needed healthcare in low-income countries. Just over half of people with disability are unable to afford healthcare compared to about a third of people without disability. 2. Limited availability of services There is a lack of appropriate services for people with disability. Many studies reveal high unmet needs for healthcare among people with disability due to unavailability of services, especially in rural and remote areas. 3. Physical barriers Uneven access to buildings (hospitals, health centers), inaccessible medical equipment, poor signage, narrow doorways, internal steps, inadequate bathroom facilities, and inaccessible parking areas create barriers to healthcare facilities. For example, women with mobility difficulties ar...

    Very often, disability is not perceived as a public health issue. Therefore, action is not taken towards disability inclusion in the health sector, which is also often overlooked in national disability strategies and action plans to implement and monitor the CRPD. Thus, disability inclusion in the health sector remains a breach in countries’ health agendas. Ministries of Health need to commit towards disability inclusion. This involves action to achieve equity for people with disability in three areas: 1. access to effective health services, 2. protection during health emergencies, and, 3. access to cross-sectorial public health interventions, such as water, sanitation and hygiene services to achieve highest attainable standard of health. Governments can improve health outcomes for people with disability by improving access to quality, affordable healthcare services, which make the best use of available resources. As several factors interact to inhibit access to healthcare, reforms...

    In order to improve access to health services for people with disability, WHO: 1. guides and supports Member States to increase awareness of disability issues, and promotes the inclusion of disability as a component in national health policies and programmes; 2. facilitates data collection and dissemination of disability-related data and information; 3. develops normative tools, including guidelines to strengthen healthcare; 4. builds capacity among health policymakers and service providers; 5. promotes scaling up of CBR; 6. promotes strategies to ensure that people with disability are knowledgeable about their own health conditions, and that health-care personnel support and protect the rights and dignity of persons with disability.

    In June 2019, the UN Disability Inclusion Strategy (UNDIS) was launched by the UN Secretary-General to promote ‘sustainable and transformative progress on disability inclusion through all pillars of the work of the United Nations’. This strategy requires all UN agencies to ensure that disability inclusion is consistently and systematically mainstreamed into all aspects of work. WHO welcomes UNDIS and is currently preparing a comprehensive WHO Policy on Disability and Action Plan, committing WHO to become an organization inclusive of people with disabilities in all their diversity and to systematically integrate disability in all programmatic areas, including at the country-level.

  5. The International C/rlssification of Impairments, Disabilities. and Handicaps (ICIDH), developed in the 1970s, was issued by the World Health Organization in 1980 as a tool for the classification of the consequences of disease (as well as of injuries and other disorders)

  6. Disability and Health Overview | CDC › ncbddd › disabilityandhealth

    The World Health Organization (WHO) published the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in 2001. The ICF provides a standard language for classifying body function and structure, activity, participation levels, and conditions in the world around us that influence health.

  7. This volume contains the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth and is known as the ICF-CY. The ICF-CY is derived from, and compatible with, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) (WHO, 2001). As such, it includes further detailed information on the ...

    • Functional Goal Writing Using ICF
    • Components of ICF
    • Key Points

    The ICF framework consists of two parts: Functioning and Disability and Contextual Factors. These parts are further broken down in the following manner: Functioning and Disability includes: 1. Body Functions and Structures—describes actual anatomy and physiology/psychology of the human body. 2. Activity and Participation—describes the person's functional status, including communication, mobility, interpersonal interactions, self-care, learning, applying knowledge, etc. Contextual Factors include: 1. Environmental Factors—factors that are not within the person's control, such as family, work, government agencies, laws, and cultural beliefs. 2. Personal Factors—include race, gender, age, educational level, coping styles, etc. Personal factors are not specifically coded in the ICF because of the wide variability among cultures. They are included in the framework, however, because although they are independent of the health condition they may have an influence on how a person functions.

    The ICD (International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) classifies disease, the ICF looks at functioning. Therefore, the use of the two together would provide a more comprehe...
    The ICF is not based on etiology or "consequence of disease," but as a component of health. Thus, while functional status may be related to a health condition, knowing the health condition does not...
    The World Health Organization defines "health" as "the complete physical, mental, and social functioning of a person and not merely the absence of disease." In this definition, functioning as class...
    The ICF describes health and health related domains using standard language.
    • General Advocacy
    • Education & Technology
    • Employment & Business
    • Family & Social Services
    • Harassment & Hate Crimes
    • Housing & Long-Term Care
    • Legal & Civil Rights
    • Media & Writing
    • Addiction & Mental Health
    • Blindness & Vision Loss
  8. List of Disability Organizations | Disabled World › disability › foundations

    Apr 19, 2011 · The Disabled World list of disability organizations also includes charities and advocacy groups providing services to people with disability. Easter Seals is an international organization providing advocacy, education, outreach, and services for people living with ASD's as well as other disabilities.

    • Disabled World
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