Moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy that contemplates what is right and wrong. It explores the nature of morality and examines how people should live their lives in relation to others. Moral philosophy has three branches. One branch, meta-ethics, investigates big picture questions such as, “What is morality?” “What is justice?” “Is there truth?” […]
Descriptive ethics, also known as comparative ethics, is the study of people's beliefs about morality. It contrasts with prescriptive or normative ethics, which is the study of ethical theories that prescribe how people ought to act, and with meta-ethics, which is the study of what ethical terms and theories actually refer to.
May 04, 2022 · Reviewed by Matthew Goldstein, Instructor (tenured), Peralta Community College District on 12/27/19 Comprehensiveness rating: 4 see less. The textbook offers an effective survey of meta-ethical theory, and it presents remarkably clear summaries of the major ideas of many of the thinkers whose work has contributed to the development of moral philosophy.
The development of modern morality is a process closely tied to sociocultural evolution.Some evolutionary biologists, particularly sociobiologists, believe that morality is a product of evolutionary forces acting at an individual level and also at the group level through group selection (although to what degree this actually occurs is a controversial topic in evolutionary theory).
Dec 23, 2016 · This commitment is often cast in the terms of a normative agenda for science and social science: ontological realism, epistemic relativism, judgmental rationality, and a cautious ethical naturalism. Ontological Realism At the heart of critical realism is realism about ontology—an inquiry into the nature of things.
May 12, 2004 · 1. What is Platonism? Platonism is the view that there exist abstract (that is, non-spatial, non-temporal) objects (see the entry on abstract objects).Because abstract objects are wholly non-spatiotemporal, it follows that they are also entirely non-physical (they do not exist in the physical world and are not made of physical stuff) and non-mental (they are not minds or ideas in minds; they ...