Jul 30, 2020 · Antibiotics are the main form of treatment for dogs diagnosed with Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Most dogs respond to the antibiotic treatment within 24 to 48 hours, although dogs with severe cases of the disease may not respond at all to treatment. The most common antibiotics used are tetracycline, doxycycline, and minocycline.
3 days ago · The characteristic red, spotted rash of Rocky Mountain spotted fever is usually not seen until the sixth day or later after onset of symptoms, but this type of rash occurs in only 35 to 60% of patients with Rocky Mountain spotted fever. The rash involves the palms or soles in as many as 80% of people.
Jul 26, 2020 · Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) of dogs and, rarely, cats.It is a form of meningoencephalitis.GME is likely second only to encephalitis caused by canine distemper virus as the most common cause of inflammatory disease of the canine CNS.
- What Is Ehrlichiosis?
- Where Is Ehrlichiosis Prevalent?
Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (HME) , is caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis, a type of bacteria known as rickettsia, and is transmitted to humans by the bite of the lone star tick Amblyomma americanum.Unlike Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis is considered an acute infection without chronic long-term consequences. Its severity varies from person to person. Many people exposed to the disease agent exhibit no symptoms, while others suffer mild symptoms that resolve without treatment. In a minority of cases...
First identified in 1987, the HME bacterium E. chaffeensis is transmitted by the lone star tick. Ticks infected with E. chaffeensis occur mostly south of the line connecting southern New Jersey and western Texas, and throughout the high plains states north of Texas to the Canadian border. Recent expansion of the lone star tick into New York state (particularly Long Island) and coastal New England has resulted in cases of HME being reported from these areas with increased frequency.Adult femal...
Clinical manifestations of HME can range from mild to life-threatening depending on the patient’s age and general health.Onset of ehrlichiosis generally begins within a week of a tick bite, and often includes fever, severe headaches, malaise, muscle pains, and chills. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, confusion and joint pain. A rash may appear in some HME cases but unlike Lyme disease, this rash is general in nature and is not associated with the site of the tick bite.
An initial diagnosis is based on the patient’s symptoms and laboratory tests. Routine laboratory results include a low white blood cell count, low platelet count and elevated liver enzymes (ALT, AST, LDH). A confirmed diagnosis can be made using an antibody IFA (Immuno-Fluorescent Assay) after 21 days of suspected infection. In severe cases, blood smears can be examined for ehrlichiosis.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), patients suspected of having ehrlichiosis should be treated immediately. Treatment should not be delayed until laboratory test results come back. Doxycycline is the drug of choice for ehrlichiosis patients. The CDC recommends 100 mg twice daily for adults or 4.4 mg/kg body weight per day in two divided doses for children under 100 lbs. Tetracycline can be used as an alternative if the patient is not pregnant (it is contraindia...
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2 days ago · Adults prefer humans and dogs as hosts. In North Carolina and throughout the southeastern United States, the American dog tick is the vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. However, this species does not transmit Lyme disease. The American dog tick is found throughout North Carolina, but it is most common in the Piedmont area. The Brown Dog Tick
Aug 03, 2020 · Lyme disease is a serious tick-borne disease with a wide range of symptoms. The sooner you get treated for this disease, the better your outcome. For this reason, it’s important you learn to ...
Aug 01, 2020 · Take a medicine that reduces fever such as paracetamol (unless you're allergic or have been told by a healthcare professional that you can't take it). Fever in children. Fever affects people of all ages, however it often affects babies and younger children in response to minor illnesses such as: Coughs; Colds; Find out more about fever in children.
- What Is Tularemia?
- Where Is Tularemia Prevalent?
Tularemia (also known as rabbit fever) is caused by oval-shaped bacteria (coccobacilli) called Francisella tularensis. F. tularensis is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks, deer flies, contact with infected animals or infected carcasses, inhalation of air-borne bacteria, and ingestion of infected food or water. In the summer, most cases come from infected tick bites. In the winter, cases are reported by hunters who trap and skin infected animals. Person-to-person transmission...
Cases of tularemia have been reported across the United States with a concentration of reports in Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. From 1990 to 2000, there were 1,368 cases reported in the United States. On average, 124 cases per year were reported during this period of time. A cluster of cases were reported at Martha’s Vineyard (Massachusetts) in 2000. A study published by the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases showed that these cases were associated with landscaping work. Landscape worke...
Symptoms often appear abruptly three to five days after infection, but can take as long as two weeks to appear. A fever of 38°C to 40°C (100.4°F to 104°F) is the most common symptom. Other symptoms include joint pain, swelling of lymph nodes, headache, chills, dry cough, sore throat, ulcers at the site of infection, sore eyes, weakness, and diarrhea.There are several forms of tularemia, each specific to a particular route of entry by F. tularensis into the body. Ulceroglandular tularemia is t...
According to the CDC, a clinical diagnosis of F. tularensis can be confirmed by examining stained secretions, exudates, and biopsy specimens. The definitive confirmation of F. tularensis infection is growth of the bacteria in culture.
The CDC recommends intramuscular and intravenous antibiotic therapy for treatment of tularemia. A more detailed description of dosages recommended by the CDC can be found here. In summary, streptomycin is the recommended drug, with gentamicin serving as an alternative. The CDC recommends that these drugs be administered for 10 days. Both can be used in children and pregnant women.
Aug 01, 2020 · Rocky Mountain spotted fever, spread by ticks from the Rickettsia genus, can be life-threatening. Many people believe they should be given antibiotics right away if they have received a tick bite. This may make sense if you live in an area where there is a proliferation of disease bearing ticks.
Jul 28, 2020 · To achieve control, treatment can be administered once a month for 3 months. The following anthelmintics are approved for treatment and the continued monthly treatment of T. vulpis infections in dogs: Interceptor® (milbemycin oxime [0.5 mg/kg]) Interceptor® Plus (milbemycin oxime [0.5 mg/kg] and praziquantel [5 mg/kg])