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  1. Rocky Mountain spotted fever - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rocky...
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a bacterial infection transmitted by a tick. Without prompt treatment, Rocky Mountain spotted fever can cause serious damage to internal organs, such as your kidneys and heart.Although it was first identified in the Rocky Mountains, Rocky Mountain spotted fever is most commonly found in the southeastern part of the United States. It also occurs in parts of Canada, Mexico, Central America and South America.Early signs and symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever...

    Although many people become ill within the first week after infection, signs and symptoms may not appear for up to 14 days. Initial signs and symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever often are nonspecific and can mimic those of other illnesses: 1. High fever 2. Chills 3. Severe headache 4. Muscle aches 5. Nausea and vomiting 6. Confusion or other neurological changes

    Rocky Mountain spotted fever is caused by infection with the organism Rickettsia rickettsii. Ticks carrying R. rickettsii are the most common source of infection.If an infected tick attaches itself to your skin and feeds on your blood for six to 10 hours, you may pick up the infection. But you may never see the tick on you.Rocky Mountain spotted fever primarily occurs when ticks are most active and during warm weather when people tend to spend more time outdoors. Rocky Mountain spotted fever...

    Factors that may increase your risk of contracting Rocky Mountain spotted fever include: 1. Living in an area where the disease is common 2. The time of year — infections are more common in the spring and early summer 3. How much time you spend in grassy or wooded areas 4. Whether you have a dog or spend time with dogsIf an infected tick attaches to your skin, you can contract Rocky Mountain spotted fever when you remove it, as fluid from the tick can enter your body through an opening such a...

    Rocky Mountain spotted fever damages the lining of your smallest blood vessels, causing the vessels to leak or form clots. This may cause: 1. Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis). In addition to severe headaches, Rocky Mountain spotted fever can cause inflammation of the brain, which can cause confusion, seizures and delirium. 2. Inflammation of the heart or lungs. Rocky Mountain spotted fever can cause inflammation in areas of the heart and lungs. This can lead to heart failure or lung f...

    You can decrease your chances of contracting Rocky Mountain spotted fever by taking some simple precautions: 1. Wear long pants and sleeves. When walking in wooded or grassy areas, wear shoes, long pants tucked into socks and long-sleeved shirts. Try to stick to trails and avoid walking through low bushes and long grass. 2. Use insect repellents. Products containing DEET (Off! Deep Woods, Repel) often repel ticks. Be sure to follow the instructions on the label. Clothing that has permethrin i...

  2. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever: Pictures and Long-Term Effects

    www.healthline.com/.../rocky-mountain-spotted-fever

    Aug 28, 2018 · Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a bacterial infection spread by a bite from an infected tick. It causes vomiting, a sudden high fever around 102 or 103°F, headache, abdominal pain, rash ...

    • Jacquelyn Cafasso
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  4. Rocky Mountain spotted fever - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo ...

    www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rocky...
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
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    Rocky Mountain spotted fever can be difficult to diagnose because the early signs and symptoms are similar to those caused by many other diseases.Laboratory tests can check a blood sample, rash specimen or the tick itself for evidence of the organism that causes the infection. Because early treatment with antibiotics is so important, doctors don't wait for these test results before starting treatment if Rocky Mountain fever is strongly suspected.

    People who develop Rocky Mountain spotted fever are much more likely to avoid complications if treated within five days of developing symptoms. That's why your doctor will probably have you begin antibiotic therapy before receiving conclusive test results.Doxycycline (Monodox, Vibramycin, others) is the most effective treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever, but it's not a good choice if you're pregnant. In that case, your doctor may prescribe chloramphenicol as an alternative.

    You'll likely start by seeing your family doctor. In some cases, you might be referred to a doctor who specializes in infectious diseases.

  5. Fever - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/fever/...
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    A fever is a temporary increase in your body temperature, often due to an illness. Having a fever is a sign that something out of the ordinary is going on in your body.For an adult, a fever may be uncomfortable, but usually isn't a cause for concern unless it reaches 103 F (39.4 C) or higher. For infants and toddlers, a slightly elevated temperature may indicate a serious infection.Fevers generally go away within a few days. A number of over-the-counter medications lower a fever, but sometime...

    You have a fever when your temperature rises above its normal range. What's normal for you may be a little higher or lower than the average normal temperature of 98.6 F (37 C).Depending on what's causing your fever, additional fever signs and symptoms may include: 1. Sweating 2. Chills and shivering 3. Headache 4. Muscle aches 5. Loss of appetite 6. Irritability 7. Dehydration 8. General weaknessChildren between the ages of 6 months and 5 years might experience febrile seizures. About a third...

    Fever occurs when an area in your brain called the hypothalamus (hi-poe-THAL-uh-muhs) — also known as your body's \\"thermostat\\" — shifts the set point of your normal body temperature upward. When this happens, you may feel chilled and add layers of clothing or wrap up in a blanket, or you may shiver to generate more body heat, eventually resulting in an elevated body temperature.Normal body temperature varies throughout the day — it's lower in the morning and higher in the late afternoon and e...

    Children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years may experience fever-induced convulsions (febrile seizures), which usually involve loss of consciousness and shaking of limbs on both sides of the body. Although alarming for parents, the vast majority of febrile seizures cause no lasting effects.If a seizure occurs: 1. Lay your child on his or her side or stomach on the floor or ground 2. Remove any sharp objects that are near your child 3. Loosen tight clothing 4. Hold your child to prevent...

    You may be able to prevent fevers by reducing exposure to infectious diseases. Here are some tips that can help: 1. Wash your hands often and teach your children to do the same, especially before eating, after using the toilet, after spending time in a crowd or around someone who's sick, after petting animals, and during travel on public transportation. 2. Show your children how to wash their hands thoroughly, covering both the front and back of each hand with soap and rinsing completely unde...

  6. Rocky Mountain spotted fever: Symptoms and treatment

    www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317198

    Apr 28, 2017 · This MNT Knowledge Center article takes a look at Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). A person with RMSF faces a high chance of complications and death if treatment is not received within 5 days.

  7. In 2017 Zagreb faced the largest outbreak of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) to date. We investigated to describe the extent of the outbreak and identify risk factors for infection. We compared laboratory-confirmed cases of Hantavirus infection in Zagreb residents with the onset of illness after 1 January 2017, with individually ...

  8. Symptoms and Remedies for Cedar Fever | Texas MedClinic

    www.texasmedclinic.com/symptoms-remedies-cedar...

    Jan 17, 2020 · As ironic as it sounds, cedar fever does not actually produce a fever. In fact, cedar fever is a seasonal allergy brought on by an allergic reaction to the pollen from mountain cedar trees. Mountain cedar grows naturally and is the most allergenic tree in Central Texas. Cedar Fever Symptoms An allergic reaction to mountain cedar causes many symptoms that aggravate those affected. A few of ...

  9. Valley Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

    www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/valley-fever

    Valley fever’s symptoms start out much like those of the flu. But this illness comes from a fungus that lives in the soil, and a few cases are serious.

  10. Scarlet fever - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scarlet...
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that develops in some people who have strep throat. Also known as scarlatina, scarlet fever features a bright red rash that covers most of the body. Scarlet fever is almost always accompanied by a sore throat and a high fever.Scarlet fever is most common in children 5 to 15 years of age. Although scarlet fever was once considered a serious childhood illness, antibiotic treatments have made it less threatening. Still, if left untreated, scarlet fever can re...

    The signs and symptoms that give scarlet fever its name include: 1. Red rash. The rash looks like a sunburn and feels like sandpaper. It typically begins on the face or neck and spreads to the trunk, arms and legs. If pressure is applied to the reddened skin, it will turn pale. 2. Red lines. The folds of skin around the groin, armpits, elbows, knees and neck usually become a deeper red than the surrounding rash. 3. Flushed face. The face may appear flushed with a pale ring around the mouth. 4...

    Scarlet fever is caused by the same type of bacteria that cause strep throat. In scarlet fever, the bacteria release a toxin that produces the rash and red tongue.The infection spreads from person to person via droplets expelled when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The incubation period — the time between exposure and illness — is usually two to four days.

    Children 5 to 15 years of age are more likely than are other people to get scarlet fever. Scarlet fever germs spread more easily among people in close contact, such as family members or classmates.

    If scarlet fever goes untreated, the bacteria may spread to the: 1. Tonsils 2. Lungs 3. Skin 4. Kidneys 5. Blood 6. Middle earRarely, scarlet fever can lead to rheumatic fever, a serious condition that can affect the: 1. Heart 2. Joints 3. Nervous system 4. Skin

    There is no vaccine to prevent scarlet fever. The best prevention strategies for scarlet fever are the same as the standard precautions against infections: 1. Wash your hands. Show your child how to wash his or her hands thoroughly with warm soapy water. 2. Don't share dining utensils or food. As a rule, your child shouldn't share drinking glasses or eating utensils with friends or classmates. This rule applies to sharing food, too. 3. Cover your mouth and nose. Tell your child to cover his o...

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