- From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Poetry is a type of art form and a type of literature. Poetry uses the qualities of words, in different ways, to be artistic. Poetry can be as short as a few words, or as long as a book.
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Poetry (derived from the Greek poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and often rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
Performance poetry is poetry that is specifically composed for or during a performance before an audience. During the 1980s, the term  came into popular usage to describe poetry written or composed for performance rather than print distribution, mostly open to improvisation.
From Middle English poetrye, poetrie, a borrowing from Old French pöeterie, pöetrie, from Medieval Latin poētria, from poēta (“poet”), from Ancient Greek ποιητής (poiētḗs, “poet; author; maker”).(Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpəʊɪtɹi/, [ˈpəʊʷətɹɪ](General American) IPA(key): /ˈpoʊətɹi/, [ˈpʰoʊ̯.ətˌɹi]Hyphenation: po‧et‧ry
poetry (usually uncountable, plural poetries) 1. Literature composed in verse or language exhibiting conscious attention to patterns and rhythm. 1.1. Synonyms: poesy (archaic), verse 1.2. Antonym: prose 2. A poet's literary production. 3. (figuratively) An artistic quality that appeals to or evokes the emotions, in any medium; something having such a quality. 3.1. That 'Swan Lake' choreography is poetry in motion, fitting the musical poetryof Tchaikovski's divine score well beyond the literary inspiration.
- Classical Chinese poetry
- Beginnings of the tradition: Shijing and Chuci
- Han poetry
- Jian'an poetry
- Six Dynasties poetry
Chinese poetry is poetry written, spoken, or chanted in the Chinese language. While this last term comprises Classical Chinese, Standard Chinese, Mandarin Chinese, Yue Chinese, and other historical and vernacular forms of the language, its poetry generally falls into one of two primary types, Classical Chinese poetry and Modern Chinese poetry. Poetry has consistently been held in extremely high regard in China, often incorporating expressive folk influences filtered through the minds of Chinese
Classical Chinese poetry includes, perhaps first and foremost shi, and also other major types such as ci and qu. There is also a traditional Chinese literary form called fu, which defies categorization into English more than the other terms, but perhaps can best be described as a kind of prose-poem. During the modern period, there also has developed free verse in Western style. Traditional forms of Chinese poetry are rhymed, however the mere rhyming of text may not qualify literature as being po
The earliest extant anthologies are the Shi Jing and Chu Ci. Both of these have had a great impact on the subsequent poetic tradition. Earlier examples of ancient Chinese poetry may have been lost because of the vicissitudes of history, such as the burning of books and burying of scholars by Qin Shi Huang, although one of the targets of this last event was the Shi Jing, which has nevertheless survived.
Also during the Han dynasty, a folk-song style of poetry became popular, known as yuefu "Music Bureau" poems, so named because of the government's role in collecting such poems, although in time some poets began composing original works in yuefu style. Many yuefu poems are composed of five-character or seven-character lines, in contrast to the four-character lines of earlier times. A characteristic form of Han Dynasty literature is the fu. The poetic period of the end of the Han Dynasty and the
Between and over-lapping the poetry of the latter days of the Han and the beginning period of the Six Dynasties was Jian'an poetry. Examples of surviving poetry from this period include the works of the "Three Caos": Cao Cao, Cao Pi, and Cao Zhi.
The Six Dynasties era was one of various developments in poetry, both continuing and building on the traditions developed and handed down from previous eras and also leading up to further developments of poetry in the future. Major examples of poetry surviving from this dynamic era include the works of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, the poems of the Orchid Pavilion Gathering, the Midnight Songs poetry of the four seasons, the great "fields and garden" poet "Tao Yuanming", the Yongming epoc
- Competition types
A poetry slam is a competition arts event, in which poets perform spoken word poetry before a live audience and a panel of judges. Culturally, poetry slams are a break with the past image of poetry as an elitist or rigid art form. While formats can vary, slams are often loud and lively, with audience participation, cheering and dramatic delivery. Hip-hop music and urban culture are strong influences, and backgrounds of participants tend to be diverse. Poetry slams began in Chicago in 1984, with
American poet Marc Smith is credited with starting the poetry slam at the Get Me High Lounge in Chicago in November 1984. In July 1986, the original slam moved to its permanent home, the Green Mill Jazz Club. In 1987 the Ann Arbor Poetry Slam was founded by Vince Keuter and eventually made its home at the Heidelberg. In August 1988, the first poetry slam held in New York City was hosted by Bob Holman at the Nuyorican Poet's Cafe. In 1990, the first National Poetry Slam took place at Fort Mason,
In a poetry slam, members of the audience are chosen by an emcee or host to act as judges for the event. In the national slam, there are five judges, but smaller slams generally have three. After each poet performs, each judge awards a score to that poem. Scores generally range between zero and ten. The highest and lowest score are dropped, giving each performance a rating between zero and thirty points. Before the competition begins, the host will often bring up a "sacrificial" poet, whom the j
In an "Open Slam", the most common slam type, competition is open to all who wish to compete, given the number of slots available. In an "Invitational Slam", only those invited to do so may compete. In 1998, spoken word poet Emanuel Xavier created the House of Xavier and the Glam Slam, an annual downtown arts event staged at the Nuyorican Poets Cafe. The fusion of ball culture and poetry slam competitions featured four open categories such as Best Erotic Poem in Sexy Underwear or Lingerie, Best
Poetry slams can feature a broad range of voices, styles, cultural traditions, and approaches to writing and performance. The originator of performance poetry, Hedwig Gorski, credits slam poetry for carrying on the poetics of ancient oral poetry designed to grab attention in barrooms and public squares. Some poets are closely associated with the vocal delivery style found in hip-hop music and draw heavily on the tradition of dub poetry, a rhythmic and politicized genre belonging to black and par
At the 1993 National Poetry Slam in San Francisco, a participating team from Canada wrote, printed and circulated an instant broadside titled Like Lambs to the Slammer, that criticized what they perceived as the complacency, conformity, and calculated tear-jerking endemic to the poetry slam scene. In an interview in the Paris Review, literary critic Harold Bloom wrote I can't bear these accounts I read in the Times and elsewhere of these poetry slams, in which various young men and women in vari
- Pen names
- Scripts used in poetry
Urdu poetry is a rich tradition of poetry and has many different forms. Today, it is an important part of the cultures of South Asia. According to Naseer Turabi there are five major poets of Urdu which are Mir Taqi Mir, Mirza Ghalib, Mir Anees, Allama Iqbal and Josh Malihabadi. The language of Urdu reached its pinnacle under the British Raj, and it received official status. All famous writers of Urdu language including Ghalib and Iqbal were given British scholarships. Following the Partition of
The principal forms of Urdu poetry are: 1. Ghazal غزل,s a set of two liner couplets, which strictly should end with the same rhyme and should be within one of the predefined meters of ghazals. There has to be a minimum of five couplets to form a ghazal. Couplets may or may not have the same thought. It is one of the most difficult forms of poetry as there are many strict parameters that one needs to abide by while writing ghazal. It is important to think about the topic as well as the ...
Urdu poetry forms itself with following basic ingredients: 1. Shayari|Bait 2. Shayari|Bait-ul-Ghazal 3. Beher 4. Diwan 5. Shayari|Husn-E-Matla 6. Kalam 7. Kulyat 8. Maqta 9. Matla 10. Mavra 11. Misra 12. Mushaira 13. Qaafiyaa 14. Radif 15. Sher 16. Shayar 17. Tah-Tul-Lafz 18. Takhallus 19. Tarannum 20. Triveni
The major genres of poetry found in Urdu are: 1. Doha 2. Fard 3. Geet 4. Ghazal, as practiced by many poets in the Arab tradition. Mir, Ghalib, Dagh are well-known composers of ghazal. 5. Hamd 6. Hazal 7. Hijv 8. Kafi 9. Madah 10. Manqabat 11. Marsia 12. Masnavi 13. Munajat 14. Musaddas 15. Mukhammas 16. Na`at 17. Nazm 18. Noha 19. Qasida 20. Qat'ã 21. Qawwali 22. Rubai 23. Salam 24. Sehra 25. Shehr a'ashob 26. Soz 27. Wasokht
In the Urdu poetic tradition, most poets use a pen name called the Takhallus. This can be either a part of a poet's given name or something else adopted as an identity. The traditional convention in identifying Urdu poets is to mention the takhallus at the end of the name. The word takhallus is derived from Arabic, meaning "ending". This is because in the Ghazal form, the poet would usually incorporate his or her pen name into the final couplet of each poem.
In Pakistan and Deccan region of India, Urdu poetry is written in the standard Nasta'liq calligraphy style of the Perso-Arabic script. However, in north India, where Urdu poetry is very popular, the Perso-Arabic is often found transliterated into the Devanāgarī script, as an aid for those Hindī-speakers, who can comprehend Urdu, but cannot read the Perso-Arabic script. With the dawn of the internet and globalization, this poetry is often found written in Roman Urdu as well as in Hindi script.
- Nature of Poetry
- Sound in Poetry
- Poetry and Form
- Poetry and Rhetoric
- History of Poetry
Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. It consists largely of oral or literary works in which language is used in a manner that is felt by its user and audience to differ from ordinary prose.It may use condensed or compressed form to convey emotion or ideas to the reader's or listener's mind or ear; it may also use devices such as assonance and...
Poetry can be differentiated most of the time from prose, which is language meant to convey meaning in a more expansive and less condensed way, frequently using more complete logical or narrative structures than poetry does. This does not necessarily imply that poetry is illogical, but rather that poetry is often created from the need to escape the logical, as well as expressing feelings and other expressions in a tight, condensed manner. English Romantic poet John Keats termed this escape fr...
Perhaps the most vital element of sound in poetry is rhythm. Often the rhythm of each line is arranged in a particular meter. Different types of meter played key roles in Classical, Early European, Eastern and Modern poetry. In the case of free verse, the rhythm of lines is often organized into looser units of cadence.Poetry in English and other modern European languages often uses rhyme. Rhyme at the end of lines is the basis of a number of common poetic forms, such as ballads, sonnets and r...
Compared with prose, poetry depends less on the linguistic units of sentences and paragraphs, and more on units of organisation that are purely poetic. The typical structural elements are the line, couplet, strophe, stanza, and verse paragraph.Lines may be self-contained units of sense, as in the well-known lines from William Shakespeare's Hamlet:In many instances, the effectiveness of a poem derives from the tension between the use of linguistic and formal units. With the advent of printing,...
Rhetorical devices such as simile and metaphor are frequently used in poetry. Indeed, Aristotle wrote in his Poetics that \\"the greatest thing by far is to be a master of metaphor\\". However, particularly since the rise of Modernism, some poets have opted for reduced use of these devices, preferring rather to attempt the direct presentation of things and experiences. Other 20th-century poets, however, particularly the surrealists, have pushed rhetorical devices to their limits, making frequent...
Poetry as an art form predates literacy. In preliterate societies, poetry was frequently employed as a means of recording oral history, storytelling (epic poetry), genealogy, law and other forms of expression or knowledge that modern societies might expect to be handled in prose. The Ramayana, a Sanskrit epic which includes poetry, was probably written in the 3rd century BCE in a language described by William Jones as \\"more perfect than Latin, more copious than Greek and more exquisitely refi...
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