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      • Roman civilization. Roman civilization arose in 753 BC as a small community near the commercial passage of the Tiber River (from present-day Italy). Rome became one of the most successful imperial powers in history. The Roman government was characterized by a strong military spirit, which justifies its incessant warlike activity. However, it managed to become a powerhouse due to its strategic ability to establish alliances.
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  2. Oct 14, 2009 · Roman Architecture PHOTO GALLERIES Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Ancient Rome grew from a small town on central Italy’s Tiber River into an empire that at its peak encompassed most of...

  3. Jan 6, 2023 · Unlike the Greeks, who excelled in intellectual and artistic endeavours, the Romans achieved greatness in their military, political, and social institutions. Roman society, during the republic, was governed by a strong military ethos. While this helps to explain the incessant warfare, it does not account for Rome’s success as an imperial power.

    • Richard P. Saller
  4. Dec 20, 2021 · After humble beginnings, Roman civilization developed into a vast empire that lasted a thousand years. Learn about the background of Roman civilization, a timeline of Roman history, and...

  5. The creation of a unified civilization In the overall context of Western history, the degree to which the Mediterranean world during the period of the empire became one single system, one civilization, is a matter of the greatest importance. Clearly, one must distinguish between the life of the rural masses and that of the urban minority.

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    753 BCE – traditional date for the founding of ancient Rome 509 BCE – traditional date for the founding of the Roman Republic 390 BCE – traditional date for the sack of Rome by the Gauls 264-241 and 218-202 BCE – The First and Second Punic Wars(the great wars with Carthage) 83-31 BCE – period of Civil Wars leads to the fall of the Roman Republic 27...

    The term Ancient Rome refers to the city of Rome, which was located in central Italy; and also to the empire it came to rule, which covered the entire Mediterranean basin and much of western Europe. At its greatest extent in stretched from present-day northern England to southern Egypt, and from the Atlantic coast to the shores of the Persian Gulf....

    The Roman Republic governed Rome as it changed from single city-state to enormous empire. As its power expanded, the republic’s leaders met new challenges by adapting old institutions to meet unforeseen challenges. The stresses and strains of growth eventually led to the breakdown of the Republic, but the Augustan settlement which opened the curtai...

    Roman religion was very similar to that of the Greeks. Like the Greeks, the Romans worshiped a pantheon of gods and goddesses, headed by the chief of the gods, Jupiter. Other gods included Minerva, goddess of wisdom and learning; Mars, god of war; Venus, goddess of love; Ceres, goddess of the Earth; and Pluto, god of the underworld. As well as thes...

    Given the large overlap between the Hellenistic and Roman civilizations, it is sometimes hard to disentangle which civilization took some technological steps. In a sense it doe not matter, as Rome rose to power within a Hellenistic context, and carried forward the Hellenistic culture a further few centuries. Some of the greatest technological achie...

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    Articles on Ancient Rome and related topics: The History of the Roman Empire Government and Warfare under the Roman Republic Government and Warfare under the Roman Empire The Society and Economy of Ancient Rome Ancient Carthage Etruscan Civilization History of Ancient Europeat the time when ancient Roman civilization flourished. History of the Ancient Middle East, showing the role the Roman empire played in that region. Maps: Ancient Europe, showing the rise and fall of the Roman empire in th...

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