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  2. Strep throat - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org › diseases-conditions › strep
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Prevention

    Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy. Strep throat accounts for only a small portion of sore throats. If untreated, strep throat can cause complications, such as kidney inflammation or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can lead to painful and inflamed joints, a specific type of rash, or heart valve damage. Strep throat is most common in children, but it affects people of all ages. If you or your child has signs or symptoms of strep throat, see your doctor for prompt testing and treatment.

    Signs and symptoms of strep throat can include: 1. Throat pain that usually comes on quickly 2. Painful swallowing 3. Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus 4. Tiny red spots on the area at the back of the roof of the mouth (soft or hard palate) 5. Swollen, tender lymph nodes in your neck 6. Fever 7. Headache 8. Rash 9. Nausea or vomiting, especially in younger children 10. Body aches It's possible for you or your child to have many of these signs and symptoms but not have strep throat. The cause of these signs and symptoms could be a viral infection or some other illness. That's why your doctor generally tests specifically for strep throat. It's also possible for you to be exposed to a person who carries strep but shows no symptoms.

    Strep throat is caused by infection with a bacterium known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also called group A streptococcus. Streptococcal bacteria are contagious. They can spread through droplets when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. You can also pick up the bacteria from a doorknob or other surface and transfer them to your nose, mouth or eyes.

    Several factors can increase your risk of strep throat infection: 1. Young age.Strep throat occurs most commonly in children. 2. Time of year.Although strep throat can occur anytime, it tends to circulate in winter and early spring. Strep bacteria flourish wherever groups of people are in close contact.

    To prevent strep infection: 1. Wash your hands.Proper hand-washing is the best way to prevent all kinds of infections. That's why it's important to wash your own hands regularly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Teach your children how to wash their hands properly using soap and water or to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if there is no soap and water available. 2. Cover your mouth.Teach your children to cover their mouths with an elbow or tissue when they cough or sneeze. 3. Don't share personal items.Don't share drinking glasses or eating utensils. Wash dishes in hot, soapy water or in a dishwasher.

  3. Group B Strep: Causes and Types of Infections | CDC

    www.cdc.gov › groupbstrep › about

    Bacteria called group B Streptococcus (group B strep, GBS) commonly live in people’s gastrointestinal and genital tracts. The gastrointestinal tract is the part of the body that digests food and includes the stomach and intestines. The genital tract is the part of the body involved in reproduction and includes the vagina in women.

  4. Strep Throat: All You Need to Know | CDC

    www.cdc.gov › groupastrep › diseases-public

    Jan 12, 2021 · However, strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils caused by bacteria called group A Streptococcus (group A strep). How You Get Strep Throat Group A strep live in the nose and throat and can easily spread to other people. It is important to know that some infected people do not have symptoms or seem sick.

  5. Group B strep disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org › diseases-conditions › group-b
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    Group B strep (streptococcus) is a common bacterium often carried in the intestines or lower genital tract. The bacterium is usually harmless in healthy adults. In newborns, however, it can cause a serious illness known as group B strep disease. Group B strep can also cause dangerous infections in adults with certain chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes or liver disease. Older adults are at increased risk of illness due to group B strep, too. If you're a healthy adult, there's nothing you need to do about group B strep. If you're pregnant, get a group B strep screening test during your third trimester. If you have group B strep, antibiotic treatment during labor can protect your baby.

    Infants

    Most babies born to women carrying group B strep are healthy. But the few who are infected by group B strep during labor can become critically ill. In infants, illness caused by group B strep can be within six hours of birth (early onset) — or weeks or months after birth (late onset). Signs and symptoms might include: 1. Fever 2. Difficulty feeding 3. Sluggishness and a lack of energy (lethargy) 4. Difficulty breathing 5. Irritability 6. Jaundice

    Adults

    Many adults carry group B strep in their bodies, usually in the bowel, vagina, rectum, bladder or throat, and have no signs or symptoms. In some cases, however, group B strep can cause a urinary tract infection or more-serious infections such as blood infections (bacteremia) or pneumonia.

    When to see a doctor

    If you have signs or symptoms of group B strep infection — particularly if you're pregnant, you have a chronic medical condition or you're older than 65 — contact your doctor right away. If you notice your infant has signs or symptoms of group B strep disease, contact your baby's doctor immediately.

    Many healthy people carry group B strep bacteria in their bodies. You might carry the bacteria in your body for a short time — it can come and go — or you might always have it. Group B strep bacteria aren't sexually transmitted, and they're not spread through food or water. How the bacteria are spread to anyone other than newborns isn't known. Group B strep can spread to a baby during a vaginal delivery if the baby is exposed to — or swallows — fluids containing group B strep.

    Infants

    An infant is at increased risk of developing group B strep disease if: 1. The mother carries group B strep in her body 2. The baby is born prematurely (earlier than 37 weeks) 3. The mother's water breaks 18 hours or more before delivery 4. The mother has an infection of the placental tissues and amniotic fluid (chorioamnionitis) 5. The mother has a urinary tract infection during the pregnancy 6. The mother's temperature is greater than 100.4 F (38 C) during labor 7. The mother previously deli...

    Adults

    You're at increased risk of a group B strep infection if: 1. You have a medical condition that impairs your immune system, such as diabetes, HIV infection, cancer or liver disease 2. You're older than 65

    Group B strep infection can lead to life-threatening complications in infants, including: 1. Pneumonia 2. Inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) 3. Infection in the bloodstream (bacteremia) If you're pregnant, group B strep can cause infection in the following areas: 1. Urinary tract 2. Placenta and amniotic fluid 3. Membrane lining the uterus 4. Bloodstream If you're an older adult or you have a chronic health condition, group B strep bacteria can cause complications such as: 1. Skin infection 2. Infection of the bloodstream 3. Urinary tract infection 4. Pneumonia 5. Bone and joint infections 6. Infection of the heart valves (endocarditis) 7. Inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis)

    To prevent group B bacteria from spreading to your baby during labor, your doctor can give you an IV antibiotic — usually penicillin or a related drug — when labor begins. If you're allergic to penicillin and related drugs, you might receive cefazolin or clindamycin as an alternative. Taking oral antibiotics ahead of time won't help because the bacteria can return before labor begins. Antibiotic treatment during labor is also recommended if you: 1. Have a urinary tract infection 2. Delivered a previous baby with group B strep disease 3. Develop a fever during labor 4. Haven't delivered your baby within 18 hours of your water breaking 5. Go into labor before 37 weeks and haven't been tested for group B strep If you tested positive for group B strep, remind your health care team during labor.

  6. Streptococcal Infections | Strep Throat | MedlinePlus

    medlineplus.gov › streptococcalinfections

    Strep is short for Streptococcus, a type of bacteria. There are several types. Two of them cause most of the strep infections in people: group A and group B. Group A strep causes

  7. Strep Throat: Symptoms, Pictures, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    www.healthline.com › health › strep-throat

    Aug 30, 2019 · Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. This common condition is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. Strep throat can affect children and adults...

    • Valencia Higuera
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