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- From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Streptococcal pharyngitis or strep throat is an illness that is caused by the bacteria called “ Group A Streptococcus ”. Strep throat affects the throat and the tonsils. The tonsils are the two glands in the throat at the back of the mouth.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus (GAS). Common symptoms include fever, sore throat, red tonsils, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. A headache, and nausea or vomiting may also occur.
- Signs and Symptoms
The usual symptoms of strep throat are a sore throat, fever of more than 38 °C (100.4 °F), pus (a yellow or green fluidmade up of dead bacteria, and white blood cells) on the tonsils, and swollen lymph nodes. There can be other symptoms such as: 1. Head pain (headache) 2. Vomiting or the urge to vomit (nausea) 3. Stomachpain 4. Flatulence[source?] 5. Musclepain 6. Rash(small red bumps) on the body or in the mouth or throat. This is an unusual but a specific sign. A person who gets strep throat will show symptoms one to three days after coming in contact with a sick person. 1. A case of strep throat. Note the large tonsils with white pus. 2. A case of strep throat. Note the small red spots. This rash is an uncommon but a specific sign. 3. A case of strep throat in a child 8 years of age. Note the large tonsils in the back of the throat, covered in white pus.
Strep throat is caused by a type of bacteria called group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS). Other bacteria or viruses can also cause a sore throat. People get strep throat by direct, close contact with a sick person. The illness can spread more easily when people are crowded together. Examples of crowding include people in the military or in schools. The GAS bacteria can dry out into dust, but then it cannot make people sick. If bacteria in the environment are keep moist they can make people sick for up to 15 days. Moist bacteria can be found on things like toothbrushes. These bacteria can live in food, but this is very unusual. People who eat the food can become sick.Twelve percent of children with no symptoms of strep throat have GAS in their throats normally.
A checklist called the modified Centor score helps doctors decide how to care for people with sore throats. The Centor score has five clinicalmeasurements or observations. It shows how likely it is that someone has strep throat. One point is given for each of these criteria: 1. No cough 2. Swollen lymph nodes or lymph nodes that hurt if they are touched 3. Temperature greater than 38 °C (100.4 °F) 4. Pus or swelling of the tonsils 5. Under the age of 15 years (a point is taken away if the person is older than 44 years)
Some people get strep throat more often than others. Removing the tonsils is one way to stop these people from getting strep throat. Getting strep throat three or more times in one year may be a good reason to remove the tonsils.Waiting is also appropriate.
Strep throat usually lasts a few days without treatment. Treatment with antibiotics will usually make the symptoms go away 16 hours quicker. The main reason for treatment with antibiotics is to reduce the risk of getting a more serious illness. For example, a heart disease known as rheumatic fever or a collection of pus in the throat known as retropharyngeal abscess.Antibiotics work well if given within 9 days of the start of symptoms.
The symptoms of strep throat usually get better, with or without treatment, in about three to five days. Treatment with antibiotics reduces the risk of worse illnesses. They also make it harder to spread the illness. Children may return to school24 hours after first taking antibiotics. These very bad problems might be caused by strep throat: 1. These include rheumatic fever or scarlet fever 2. A deadly illness called toxic shock syndrome 3. Glomerulonephritis 4. An illness called PANDAS syndrome. This is an immune problem that causes sudden, sometimes serious behavioralproblems.
Strep throat is included in the broader category of sore throat or pharyngitis. About 11 million people get sore throats in the United states each year. Most cases of sore throat are caused by viruses. The bacteria group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus causes 15 to 30 percent of sore throats in children. It causes 5 to 20 percent of sore throats in adults.Cases usually happen in late winter and early spring.
See also: Strep throat Streptococcus is a genus of gram-positive coccus (plural cocci) or spherical bacteria that belongs to the family Streptococcaceae, within the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria), in the phylum Firmicutes.
Sore throat, also known as throat pain, is pain or irritation of the throat. Sore throat is usually caused by a viral infection or a group A streptococcus bacterial infection. Other causes include pharyngitis, tonsillitis, or dehydration, which leads to the throat drying up. It can also result from trauma. The majority of sore throats are caused by a virus, for which antibiotics are not helpful. A strong association between antibiotic misuse and antibiotic resistance has been shown. For sore thr
A sore throat is the pain felt anywhere in the throat.
The most common cause is acute viral pharyngitis, a viral infection of the throat. Other causes include other bacterial infections, trauma, and tumors. Gastroesophageal reflux disease can cause stomach acid to back up into the throat and also cause the throat to become sore. In children, streptococcal pharyngitis is the cause of 35–37% of sore throats. The symptoms of a viral infection and a bacterial infection may be very similar. Some clinical guidelines suggest that the cause of a sore ...
Pain medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and paracetamol help in the management of pain. The use of corticosteroids seems to increase the likelihood of resolution and reduce the level of pain. Antibiotics shorten the duration of pain symptoms by an average of about one day. It is not known whether antibiotics are effective for preventing recurrent sore throat. There is an old wives tale that having a hot drink can help with common cold and influenza symptoms, including sore
In the United States, there are about 2.4 million emergency department visits with throat-related complaints per year.
Streptococcal pharyngitis or strep throat is caused by a group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS). It is the most common bacterial cause of cases of pharyngitis (15–30%). Common symptoms include fever, sore throat, and large lymph nodes. It is a contagious infection, spread by close contact with an infected individual.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Streptococcus pyogenes is a species of Gram-positive, aerotolerant bacterium in the genus Streptococcus. These bacteria are extracellular, and made up of non-motile and non-sporing cocci. It is clinically important for humans.
strep throat in American English. noun. Pathology. an acute sore throat caused by hemolytic streptococci and accompanied by fever and prostration. Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. Modified entries © 2019 by Penguin Random House LLC and HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.
Streptococcal sore throat, or strep throat as it is more commonly called, is an infection of the mucous membranes lining the pharynx. Sometimes the tonsils are also infected (tonsillitis). The disease is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. Untreated strep throat may develop into rheumatic fever or other serious conditions.
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