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  1. Alcatraz Island - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Alcatraz_Island

    The Spanish built several small buildings on the island and other minor structures. Fort Alcatraz. The earliest recorded private owner of the island of Alcatraz is Julian Workman, to whom it was given by Mexican governor Pio Pico in June 1846, with the understanding that Workman would build a lighthouse on it.

    • 1934; 87 years ago
    • San Francisco, California
  2. San Francisco - Alcatraz: Cellhouse The main cell house on Alcatraz Island was the largest steel-reinforced concrete building in the world when it was built in 1912. Designed to hold up to 600 prisoners, it was the brainchild and pride of Major Reuben B. Turner, construction engineer and first commandant of the military.

    • 3.5K
  3. Fortress Alcatraz - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National Park Service)

    www.nps.gov › historyculture › fortress-alcatraz

    Jun 22, 2020 · Completed in 1912 with 600 single cells, each with toilet and electricity, the Cellhouse was the largest reinforced concrete building in the world. In 1915 Alcatraz was changed from a military prison to "Pacific Branch, U.S. Disciplinary Barracks." The new name reflected the growing emphasis on rehabilitation as well as punishment.

  4. List of Alcatraz Island features - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_Alcatraz_Island

    This is a list of Alcatraz Island features as reported by the National Park Service. It includes alternate and historic name variants. It includes alternate and historic name variants. [1]

  5. Alcatraz Island | Facts & History | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › place › Alcatraz-Island

    Alcatraz Island, also known as ‘The Rock,’ a rocky island in San Francisco Bay, off the coast of California, in the United States. From 1934 to 1963, a facility on the island served as a federal prison for some of the most dangerous civilian prisoners. Learn more about the history of Alcatraz Island here.

  6. Now And Then: Alcatraz Island - Golden Gate National ...

    www.nps.gov › now-and-then-alcatraz

    Alcatraz was closed on orders of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy in 1963. On November 20, 1969 a group of 93 American Indians landed on Alcatraz, claimed the island as Indian property under the 1868 treaty that allowed Indians to appropriate surplus federal land. They offered to buy the island for “$24 in glass beads and red cloth”.

  7. Alcatraz - Prison, Location & Al Capone - HISTORY

    www.history.com › topics › crime
    • Early Years as a Military Prison. In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) mapped and named rugged Alcatraz Island, christening it La Isla de los Alcatraces, or Island of the Pelicans, due to its large population of sea birds.
    • Doing Time as a Federal Prison: 1934-63. In 1933, the Army relinquished Alcatraz to the U.S. Justice Department, which wanted a federal prison that could house a criminal population too difficult or dangerous to be handled by other U.S. penitentiaries.
    • Famous Inmates. Among those who did time at The Rock was the notorious Prohibition-era gangster Al “Scarface” Capone, who spent four-and-a-half years there during the 1930s.
    • Escape Attempts from Alcatraz. Over the years, there were 14 known attempts to escape from Alcatraz, involving 36 inmates. The Federal Bureau of Prisons reports that of these would-be escapees, 23 were captured, six were shot and killed during their attempted getaways, two drowned and five went missing and were presumed drowned.
  8. Alcatraz Island - Building 64 - YouTube

    www.youtube.com › watch

    The two top floors of this structure, known officially as "Building 64," were constructed by the U.S. Army in 1905 to house soldiers stationed on the island....

    • 15 min
    • 2.7K
    • USP Alcatraz
  9. Chilling Facts About Alcatraz, The World's Most Infamous Prison

    www.factinate.com › places › chilling-facts-alcatraz
    • Extreme Punishment. At the best of times, conditions in Alcatraz were not exactly a barrel of laughs, but there was a particularly harsh punishment for prisoners who refused to follow the rules of the prison.
    • Battle of Alcatraz. The Battle of Alcatraz, or the “Alcatraz Blastout” as it was also known, took place between May 2nd and 4th, 1946. Six prisoners managed to get hold of weapons and cellhouse keys, but there was a minor hitch in their plans.
    • Mysterious Death. There were many stories of paranormal activity in Alcatraz, and one particular incident occurred in Cell 14D. Sometime in the 1940s, a prisoner who was locked in the cell screamed all night that something with glowing eyes was trying to kill him.
    • You’ve Gotta Have a Hobby. Stroud was sent to prison for killing a bartender who attacked one of his prostitutes when he was a pimp, and he quickly became known as a violent and dangerous inmate.
  10. The Children Who Once Called Alcatraz Home: ‘For Us, It Was a ...

    www.insideedition.com › children-who-once-called

    Apr 05, 2018 · Situated in the middle of San Francisco Bay just 1.25 miles offshore from the mainland, Alcatraz Island has had a number of functions, including a military fortress. But it's most famous as a high ...

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