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  1. May 28, 2020 · The Greek Orthodox are Christians and part of the Church that Christ founded. There is no difference. It's one and the same. The term “Greek” used to refer to the fact that historically the Orthodox Church was mainly Greek Speaking (at the time of Byzantium, the continuation of the Roman Empire).

  2. The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.

  3. The difference between Orthodox Christianity and Protestant Christianity is that they follow different divine inspirations. The Orthodox follow the ‘Holy Inspiration of Church’ along with the Bible. Whereas, protestants follow only the Bible. What are the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Western Christianity?

    • Functional Orthodoxy
    • Mountain Or Molehill
    • Defining ‘Orthodoxy’

    To begin, I find myself quite sympathetic to Smith’s concerns. A few years ago I wondered aloudwhether we needed another term to flag what sort of error is involved in affirming same-sex marriage (SSM) in the church. I’m certainly in no rush to declare new heresies or label anyone a heretic. I have enough friends whom I am convinced are trying to love Jesus but honestly differ from me on this issue such that it would be painful and costly to do so. Sympathies noted, I’m not sure Smith has been fair to or grasped the point of those who have been using the terms this way. For some who insist this is an issue of heresy and orthodoxy, their point is that SSM is and assumes a denial of a broader theological vision of creation as well as the meaning of the human body assumed by the whole of the Christian church and the creedal tradition itself. It is, in that sense, a functional denial of doctrines like creation and the Christology implied by the incarnation of the Son and the resurrectio...

    Returning to the present moment, the danger most critics are reacting to is that if we don’t label something a matter of orthodoxy, it tends to become minimized to an adiaphora, an “agree to disagree” issue. Smith is not trying to do that. He says this linguistic change doesn’t signal that SSM is a matter of indifference. And yet there is a danger of doing just that when he asks this question: There are couple of problems here. The first is lumping the issue of SSM together with issues like the ordination of women and nonviolence. The exegetical and traditional witness on women’s ordination is much more split than that on SSM. Even starker (at least in the tradition) is the difference on the matter of nonviolence and just war theory. The affirmation of SSM in Western, post-Enlightenment cultures in the late 20th century is a new thing for the faith. Putting these issues in the same category understates the difference between them and (unintentionally) suggests that they should all b...

    As I said, though, I don’t mind using a different term, so long as we all agree that orthodox means only “signs off on the right propositions on some foundational issues settled by church creeds and definitions.” But what needs to be made absolutely clear at that point is that orthodoxy would then be an extremely limited concept for determining ecclesial boundaries and distinguishing normative Christian belief and practice. Orthodoxy would be necessary but nowhere near to sufficientfor flagging the totality of beliefs within the acceptable spectrum of normative Christianity. Let me put it this way: given this limited view of the term orthodoxy, it would be a coherent statement to say, “Joe is an orthodox Christian who believes adultery can be Christian behavior.” Or, “Joe is an orthodox Christian who believes bearing false witness can be Christian behavior.” Or, “Joe is an orthodox Christian who believes coveting can be Christian behavior.” None of those statements is incoherent unl...

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  5. The Bible is the source of doctrine and practice in Eastern Orthodoxy. The Orthodox church does not hold to Sola Scriptura because it believes the church defines Scripture and determines its meaning. [2]

  6. The primary theological difference between the two communions is the differing Christology. … Oriental Orthodoxy does not have a magisterial leader like the Roman Catholic Church, nor does the communion have a leader who can convene ecumenical synods like the Eastern Orthodox Church.