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      • Quebec city, formerly the capital of the colony, remained the capital of Lower Canada. It was incorporated in 1832 and was given its actual charter in 1840, the year that Parliament voted to rejoin Upper and Lower Canada as the Province of Canada.
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  2. Quebec City - The History of Québec City | Fodor's Travel

    www.fodors.com › world › north-america

    The History of Québec City Québec City was founded by French explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1608 and is the oldest municipality in the province. In the 17th century, the first French explorers,...

  3. History of Quebec City - World Travel Guide

    www.worldtravelguide.net › quebec-city › history

    When explorer Jacques Cartier sailed up the St Lawrence River in 1535, he encountered Stadacona, home to 1,000 or so Huron Indians. This would later become the site of Quebec City. It wasn’t until 1608 that Samuel de Champlain established the first permanent settlement here – a flourishing fur-trading post.

  4. Uncovering Quebec City’s Fabled History | Keep Exploring

    us-keepexploring.canada.travel › things-to-do

    The city’s walled colonial core dates back to 1608, making it one of North America’s oldest and the only fortified city north of Mexico. The commanding Citadelle of Quebec has been keeping guard since the 1800s.

  5. Quebec | History, Facts, & Points of Interest | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › place › Quebec

    Quebec city, formerly the capital of the colony, remained the capital of Lower Canada. It was incorporated in 1832 and was given its actual charter in 1840, the year that Parliament voted to rejoin Upper and Lower Canada as the Province of Canada.

  6. Quebec City - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Quebec_City

    Quebec City (/ k w ɪ ˈ b ɛ k / or / k ə ˈ b ɛ k /; French: Ville de Québec), officially Québec ( ()), is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec.As of July 2016 the city had a population of 531,902, and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296.

    • History
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    Quebec City is the capital of Quebec Province, Canada’s second most populous and the only one with French as its official language. The name of both city and province comes from an Algonquin word kébec meaning “where the river narrows”, referring to a cliff-lined gap in the Saint Lawrence River near where the city was founded in 1608 by French explorer Samuel de Champlain. Quebec City eventually became the capital of the French colonies of “New France”, which were ceded to British rule in 1763 soon after the city fell to General James Wolfe. The intimidating fortifications were built by the British and make it the only surviving walled city in the Americas north of Mexico. Cobbled streets add to the distinct European feel from this long colonial history. More than 95 per cent of the population of Quebec is French speaking but most people in Quebec City speak both English and French. In winter, temperatures can plunge towards the record 1923 low of −54.4C but the city is built to cop...

    Quebec City is compact enough to walk around and interesting when you do, with the city walls ensuring you do not get too lost. The steep, narrow streets are another reason not to drive, and a good reason to bring comfortable shoes. There are good taxi and bus services and rental bikes are another good option (except in winter). For exploring the rest of Quebec, a rental car is essential and also the only way other than taxis to get in from the airport.

    City Walls

    Quebec walls are recognised as a Unesco World Heritage Site, being “one of the best examples of a fortified colonial city”. There are almost three miles of walls, with four surviving gates, and a Vauban-style Citadel where a Changing of the Guard ceremony takes place during the summer months. It features the Royal 22e Régiment, the only Francophone infantry regiment in the Canadian forces. The walls are not continuous and a tour takes about an hour, with some steep inclines. Look out for the...

    Vieux-Québec

    Old Quebec lies mostly within the walls and is split into Haute-Ville (Upper Town), on the strategic heights where Château Frontenac now dominates, and Basse-Ville (Lower Town), built around the harbour. The names give a hint of the gradients that face walkers, although a funicular takes away much of the strain. Must-see: Escalier casse-cou, which translates as “The Breakneck Stairs”, dates to 1635 and connects the upper and lower towns.

    Quartier Petit Champlain

    This portside area of a few cobbled streets in the Basse-Ville was once the centre of the fur trade and is the oldest commercial district in North America. Now pedestrianized and lined with boutiques, galleries and bistros, it looks especially picturesque in winter. Must-see: The trompe-l’œil wall fresco at 102 rue du Petit-Champlain – one of a number in the city – shows a glimpse of working class life here in the 18th century.

    Carnival de Québec

    Held in February, with a history as a pre-Lent celebration going back to 1894, this is now the world’s biggest winter carnival. North America’s only Ice Hotel, winter sports, including canoe races and dogsled races, giant ice slides, snow sculptures and night parades are some of the highlights but the main appeal is indulging in the best of Quebecois food and drink.

    Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day

    Celebrated on June 24, the feast day of St. John the Baptist, this province-wide public holiday has roots in midsummer festivals. Thousands gather on the Plains of Abraham to watch concerts by top local bands, new and old, in a fun celebration of Quebec nationalism that owes much to St Patrick’s Day. Traditional costumes, flags, folk music and dance, and French food and drink are in plentiful display, all paying tribute to Quebec’s own patron saint.

    Festival d’été de Québec

    This summer Festival starts on the first Thursday of July and last ten days, with more than 300 shows of blues, folk and traditional music from local and international artists. Celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2017, past headliners have included The Rolling Stones, Boston, Deep Purple and The Alan Parsons Live Project. A badge and wristband, bought online or from street vendors, allows entry to all shows.

  7. Québec, fortified city: geological and historical heritage ...

    parkscanadahistory.com › geology › of-8280e

    The geological history of the Quebec City area goes back more than a billion years and can be explained by plate tectonics. According to this theory, the Earth’s crust is divided into plates that slowly move against one another.

  8. Québec, Québec, Canada History, Photos, Stories, News ...

    greenerpasture.com › Places › Details

    1667 - February 4 - The officers of the Carignan Regiment gave a ball at Quebec the first given in Canada, sixty years after the founding of the colony. After the coming of the Carignan Regiment, there was a decline in the standard of morals. Three centuries in Champlain valley.. Plattsburgh, N. Y. : Saranac chapter, D. A. R., 1909

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