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  1. List of film festivals in Europe - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_film_festivals_in

    An annual independent film festival, with a focus on short films by local and international filmmakers. Underwire Film Festival: 2010: London: International: An annual independent film festival, dedicated to promoting and celebrating female talent within the film industry. Wildscreen Festival: 1982 Bristol: International, Special interest

  2. Film festival - Wikipedia › wiki › Film_festivals

    Mainland Europe's biggest independent film festival is ÉCU The European Independent Film Festival, which started in 2006 and takes place every spring in Paris, France. Edinburgh International Film Festivalis the longest-running festival in Great Britainas well as the longest continually running film festival in the world.

  3. SCHLiNGEL International Film Festival - FilmFreeway. Up to 25.000 German pupils and film enthusiasts as well as 600 experts of the international industry saw productions from all over the world at the last editions of IFF SCHLiNGEL. Be a part of it with your short, animated or feature film for children and young audience in 2021!

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  5. Hello Indie... - The European Independent Film Festival ... › TheEuropeanIndependentFilm

    Recently, Mirghani screened her new short film ‘Virtual Voice’ at Tribeca Film Festival 2021. Carlota Martínez Pereda, her film ‘Piggy’ won the award for Europe's best independent film at ÉCU 2019. Recent work includes two horrors ‘There Will Be Monsters’ (2020), ‘The Devil's Tail’ (2021) and TV series ‘Alba’ (2021).

  6. List of film festivals - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_film_festivals

    The biggest short film festival in Italy. Held annually in August. Insight Film Festival: 2007: Manchester England: Special interest: Biennial interfaith, short-film festival focused on 'faith' as a genre and subject matter. International Festival of Independent Cinema Off Camera: 2008: Kraków Poland: International: Film festival devoted to ...

  7. The top UK film festivals you need to know about | Metro News › 2016/05/28 › the-top-uk-film-festivals

    May 28, 2016 · Raindance It runs from September 21 – October 2 (final deadline for film submissions is June 17) ‘The Raindance Film Festival is the largest and most important independent film festival in the UK....

  8. 10 Top Animation Film Festivals Around the Globe | Animation ... › articles › 10-top
    • Annecy International Animated Film Festival, Annecy, France. Described as “the world's top reference for animation films,” the Annecy International Animated Film Festival dates back to the 1960s, making it the world’s oldest film festival dedicated entirely to animation.
    • Animafest Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia. Since 1972, Animafest Zagreb has been “the festival by the filmmakers for the filmmakers.” It is the second oldest film festival in the world completely dedicated to animation.
    • Ottawa International Animation Film Festival, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Established in 1976, the Ottawa International Animation Festival (OIAF) “presents the world’s most cutting-edge, quirky and important animation — and transforms Ottawa into the centre of the animation universe.”
    • Stuttgart Festival of Animated Film (International TrickFilm Festival - ITFS), Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Founded in 1982, Stuttgart International Festival of Animated Film (ITFS) is one of the biggest animated film festivals in the world.
  9. The Top Film Festivals Worth the Entry Fee in 2020 › blog › top-film-festivals

    Dec 06, 2020 · The first festival of its kind, the Venice Film Festival made its debut in 1932 as part of the Biennale di Venezia with all the trappings of a major international festival. Today, stars and media from around the world flock to the island of Lido in the Venice lagoon to attend the respected event.

  10. Independent film - Wikipedia › wiki › Independent_film
    • History
    • Internationally
    • Technology and Democratization
    • Independent Films 2010-Present
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    Edison Trust

    In 1908, the Motion Picture Patents Company or "Edison Trust" was formed as a trust. The Trust was a cartel that held a monopoly on film production and distribution comprising all the major film companies of the time (Edison, Biograph, Vitagraph, Essanay, Selig, Lubin, Kalem, American Star, American Pathé), the leading distributor (George Kleine) and the biggest supplier of raw film, Eastman Kodak. A number of filmmakers declined or were refused membership to the trust and came to be describe...

    Studio system

    In early 1910, director D.W. Griffith was sent by the Biograph Company to the west coast with his acting troupe, consisting of performers Blanche Sweet, Lillian Gish, Mary Pickford, Lionel Barrymore, and others. They began filming on a vacant lot near Georgia Street in downtown Los Angeles. While there, the company decided to explore new territories, traveling several miles north to Hollywood, a little village that was friendly and positive about the movie company filming there. Griffith then...

    United Artists and resistance to the studio system

    The studio system quickly became so powerful that some filmmakers once again sought independence. On February 5, 1919 four of the leading figures in American silent cinema (Mary Pickford, Charles Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith) formed United Artists, the first independent studio in America. Each held a 20% stake, with the remaining 20% held by lawyer William Gibbs McAdoo. The idea for the venture originated with Fairbanks, Chaplin, Pickford, and cowboy star William S. Hart a y...

    The Independent film industry exists globally. Many of the most prestigious film festivals are hosted in various cities around the world. The Berlin International Film Festival attracts over 130 countries, making it the largest film festival in the world. Other large events include the Toronto International Film Festival, Hong Kong International Film Festival, and the Panafrican Film and TV Festival of Ouagadougou. The European Union, specifically through the European Cinema and VOD Initiative (ECVI), has established programs that attempt to adapt the film industry to an increasing digital demand for film on video on demand services, outside of theatrical screenings. With this program, VOD offerings are paired with traditional movie screenings. There is also more of a push from EU National governments to fund all aspects of the arts, including film.The European Commission for Culture has an Audiovisual sector, for example, whose role is most notably to help distribute and promote fi...

    As with other media, the availability of new technologies has fueled the democratization of filmmaking and the growth of independent film. In the late forties and fifties, new inexpensive portable cameras made it easier for independent filmmakers to produce content without studio backing. The emergence of camcorders in the eighties broadened the pool of filmmakers experimenting with the newly available technology. More recently, the switch from film to digital cameras, inexpensive non-linear editing and the move to distribution via the internet have led to more people being able to make and exhibit movies of their own, including young people and individuals from marginalized communities. These people may have little to no formal technical or academic training, but instead are autodidactic filmmakers, using online sources to learn the craft. Aspiring filmmakers can range from those simply with access to a smartphone or digital camera, to those who write "spec" scripts (to pitch to st...

    In recent years, with both the increased production and waning interest of major studio sequels, more and more independent films have been at the forefront of major award wins with upset Best Picture Oscar wins for Spotlight at the 2016 awards, Moonlight at the 2017 awards, Parasite at the 2020 awards and Nomadland at the 2021 awardshad, and continues to have, a major impact on box office intake on major studio films in the present era.

    Lyons, Donald (1994). Independent Visions: A Critical Introduction to Recent Independent American Film. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-38249-8.
    Vachon, Christine (1996). A Killer Life: How an Independent Film Producer Survives Deals and Disasters in Hollywood and Beyond. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-5630-1.
    Redding, Judith; Brownworth, Victoria (1997). Film Fatales: Independent Women Directors. Seal Press. ISBN 1-878067-97-4.
    Levy, Emanuel (1999). Cinema of Outsiders: The Rise of American Independent Film. New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-5123-7.
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